Shakespeare background notes
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Name: _____________ Date: ______________ PERIOD: ___________. Shakespeare Background Notes. X. Shakespeare’s Life. Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon His father, John , worked as a glove maker His mother, Mary , was a farmer’s daughter

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Shakespeare Background Notes

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Shakespeare background notes

Name: _____________

Date: ______________

PERIOD: ___________

Shakespeare Background Notes

X


Shakespeare s life

Shakespeare’s Life

  • Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon

  • His father, John, worked as a glove maker

  • His mother, Mary, was a farmer’s daughter

  • Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway when he was 18 and she was 26.


Janssen bust 1623

Janssen bust 1623


Copperplate engraving martin droeshout

Copperplate engraving Martin Droeshout


Shakespeare s life 2

Shakespeare’s Life (2)

  • The couple had 3 children: Susana, Judith, and Hamnet (twins).

  • Shakespeare went to London in the late 1580’s:

    • He acted in plays.

    • He was also recognized as a playwright.


Theater exterior

Theater Exterior

Globe Theater Rebuilt in 1996


Theater interior

Theater Interior

Globe Theater Redone


Globe theater

Globe Theater

  • Shakespeare had many of his plays performed at the Globe Theater.

  • Held 3,000 spectators

  • Located in Southwark District

    • Across the Thames River

    • “red light district”


Theater interior1

Theater Interior

Globe Theater Rebuilt


Globe theater architecture

Globe Theater Architecture

  • Raised stage

  • The groundlings watched from the pit

  • Stadium seating

  • 1 cent and 2 cent admission prices

  • Partial covering – burned down in 1613 during Henry VIII cannon usage


Implications

IMPLICATIONS

  • Daytime performances between 2 and 5 p.m.

  • No scenery

  • Only minor props

  • Language had to include information about:

    • plot

    • setting

    • Motivation

  • NO WOMEN ACTORS


London map

LONDON MAP


Shakespeare s work

SHAKESPEARE’S WORK

  • Actor and playwright

  • He wrote 37 plays including:

    • Comedies

    • Tragedies

    • Histories

  • His plays discussed the issues of love, politics, family, and religion.

  • He also wrote 106 poems.


Success and the end

Success and the End

  • Three of his most famous plays include:

    • “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”

    • “Romeo and Juliet”

    • “Richard II”

  • Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616 at age 52.


Shakespeare s achievements

Shakespeare’s Achievements

  • Ordinary man writing about ordinary life, in an extraordinary way.

    • Compassion for his characters

    • Dynamic: showed both the strengths and weaknesses of his characters and topics


The renaissance

The Renaissance

  • “renaissance” means rebirth or revival

  • During this time period there was new interest and efforts in the arts and literature.

  • Elizabeth Iwas the queen of England during this period.

  • She is celebrated for:

    • raising England’s economy

    • allowing freedom of religion

    • unifying the country


Queen elizabeth i

Queen Elizabeth I


Queen elizabeth i 2

Queen Elizabeth I (2)

  • She never married but did have a boyfriend named Robert Dudley for thirty years.


Life in elizabethan england

Life in Elizabethan England

  • People were poor.

  • London was growing and prosperous.

  • Transportation:

    • Horses

    • Boats crossing the Thames River

  • Poor medical care:

    • People believed in potions instead of doctors.

    • People visited apothecaries (druggists) for help.


Life in elizabethan england 2

Life in Elizabethan England (2)

  • Most people lost their teeth and hair by age 20.

  • The Bubonic Plague killed many people.


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