R d globalization solutions a romanian perception
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R&D Globalization - Solutions? A Romanian Perception. Dr. Octavian Buiu CPhys, CSci, MIEEE Honeywell – Sensors Lab. Bucharest. Introduction. Globalization defined using the “Wave” approach; adopted in World Bank analyses, Phenomenon originated in the 1870s:

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R&D Globalization - Solutions? A Romanian Perception

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R d globalization solutions a romanian perception

R&D Globalization - Solutions? A Romanian Perception

Dr. Octavian Buiu

CPhys, CSci, MIEEE

Honeywell – Sensors Lab. Bucharest


Introduction

Introduction

  • Globalization defined using the “Wave” approach; adopted in World Bank analyses,

  • Phenomenon originated in the 1870s:

    • international flows of capital, labour, and merchandise first began to converge and to grow at a noticeably rapid pace.

  • The second wave is defined as the years following World War II (1945–80), while the third and current wave is identified as beginning in the early ‘80s.


Context i

Context (I)

“Overall spending on R&D and innovation in

the Union should be increased with the aim of

approaching 3% of GDP by 2010. Two-thirds of

this new investment should come from the

private sector.”

European Commission, "Presidency Conclusions: Barcelona European

Council, 15 and 16 March 2002," SN 100/02, Brussels


Context ii

Context (II)

  • Economic and technological development depends less on where one resides than on how well connected and ultimately how intelligent, responsive, innovative, and inventive one can be.

  • Work goes globally and around the clock (in all aspects)


Why and how

Why and How?

  • Raising productivity in terms of R&D implies either:

    • Increasing the incidence of innovation output per invested euro

    • Decreasing R&D expenses for any given innovation output

  • Solutions:

    • Favour in-house R&D;

    • Buy the results of R&D in the market (licensing, M&A’s, etc.)

    • Re-organize R&D; develop partnerships, outsource, smartsource, global / virtual lab.


R d globalization solutions a romanian perception

Why?

  • Main purpose for investing in R&D abroad is

    • to acquire technology and/or

    • to be near to an industry’s innovative centre in order to keep the frontrunners of the latest technological developments.

    • serving parent company interests or needs of the local-market,

    • access to foreign R&D labs and pools of highly skilled labour


Drivers and barriers

Drivers and Barriers

  • Technological knowledge

  • Business management knowledge

  • Resources

  • Organisation / infrastructure

  • Culture


Technological innovation i

Technological innovation (I)

  • R&D investments are likely to happen when a supportive environment for technological innovation exists and is fostered over time.

  • Developing new high-tech development zones or “science parks” designed to attract researchers, entrepreneurs, and venture capitalists from around the world.


Technological innovation ii

Technological innovation (II)

  • Integrative model for high-tech development—i.e., the clustering of high-tech enterprises near leading universities and areas with technologically advanced infrastructures

    • Research Triangle Park (NC, USA)

    • Cambridge Park (Camb, UK)

    • Silicon Valley…


Challenges

Challenges …

  • Educate for innovation starting with HE

  • Identify the right environment :

    • regional,

    • industry dependent..

    • Long/medium/short term perspectives

  • Keep the structure simple and flexible

  • How to run it?

  • Have the get access/retain the right people/expertise


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