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第三章 水生昆虫 Freshwater Insecta - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第三章 水生昆虫 Freshwater Insecta. 形态和功能 水生昆虫可分为两类,一类成虫和和幼虫都在水中生活,另一类仅幼虫为水生的。在水中生活的成虫种类不多,也少有饵料意义。水生昆虫幼虫,特别是摇蚊科幼虫,是淡水水域主要的饵料底栖动物。一些昆虫的成虫和幼虫是鱼类的敌害如龙虱和牙虫等,这里一并加以介绍。 昆虫全身明显地分为头、胸、腹三部分。体外披复几丁质的外骨骼。在生长过程中,一生要蜕换几次皮。. 一、头部

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第三章 水生昆虫 Freshwater Insecta

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Freshwater insecta
Freshwater Insecta


Freshwater insecta


Freshwater insecta

,


Freshwater insecta

12


Freshwater insecta

581011

18



Freshwater insecta

80


Freshwater insecta

Apterygota CollembolaHypogastrura communis


Freshwater insecta

Pterygota 12

Ephemeroptera

median caudal filament11-7

150


Freshwater insecta

EPhemeridae 2030mm3Ephemera


Freshwater insecta

Odonata

5 000500AnisoPteraZygptera47(3-3)11




Freshwater insecta

Zygoptera3


Freshwater insecta

Agriidae Calopterygidae22mm3Agrion atratum


Freshwater insecta

Lestidae 1418mm23 2/3Lestes


Freshwater insecta

Caenagrionidael 31425mm353-6Ischnura asiatica


Freshwater insecta

AnisoPtera


Freshwater insecta

Gomphidae 410126Gomphs


Freshwater insecta

Aeschnidae 3545mm769Aeschna


Freshwater insecta

Anax


Freshwater insecta

Cordulegasteridae 43mmAnotogaster sieboldii


Freshwater insecta

Corduliidae 30mm910351113783989Macromia clio


Freshwater insecta

Libellulidae 60023mm11151012Sympetrum123-511-15


Freshwater insecta

Hemiptera

Heteroptera

Rbynchota 911 10NotonectaNepaRanatraLethocers indicus


Freshwater insecta

1010

51.52

4048000 54000


Freshwater insecta

1010Gerridae 8-15mm442


Freshwater insecta

1010Gerris


Freshwater insecta

1010Naucoridae 4312Naucoris exclamationis1314mm125


Freshwater insecta

1010Aphelochirus


Freshwater insecta

1010NePidae RanatraNePa33111LaccotrePhes japonensis3040mm1326NePaRanatra chinensis4050mmRanatra braehyura


Freshwater insecta

1010Belostomatidae 542Kirkaldyia deyrollei 6570mm16Sphaerodema rusticca1824mm


Freshwater insecta

1010Notonectidae 4Notonecta3-233mm564SigraAnisoPos niveus3-24


Freshwater insecta

1010Corixidae 412mm12Corixa substriata Siga substraiata3-256mm7Sigra distanti11mm


Freshwater insecta

1010Coleoptera

11105891018


Freshwater insecta

2517713

1. DytiSCidae 35260 140mmCybister84510cm


Freshwater insecta

3121000150035235016cm23


Freshwater insecta

Gyrinidae 316mmGyrinus


Freshwater insecta

Hydrophilidae 150mm5060130516


Freshwater insecta

Trichoptera

310

9427mm


Freshwater insecta

12

15


Freshwater insecta

Phryganeidae 40mm50mmPhryganea


Freshwater insecta

Diptera

33354111239

8412


Freshwater insecta

Tipulidae 1025mm23Tiplua


Freshwater insecta

Ptychopteridae LirioPidaePtychoPtera


Freshwater insecta

Culicidae AnophelesAedes() CulexChaoborus


Freshwater insecta

4534126PH59


Freshwater insecta

Dixidae 48mmUDixa


Freshwater insecta

Ceratopogonidae 4mm


Freshwater insecta

Simuliidae Simulium


Freshwater insecta

Psychodidae 310mmPSychoda


Freshwater insecta

Stratiomyiidae 1050mmStratiomyia


Freshwater insecta

Tabanidae 28cmTabanus


Freshwater insecta

Syrphidae


Freshwater insecta

Ephydridae Ephydra


Freshwater insecta

TendipedidaeChironomidae 50


Freshwater insecta

230mm


Freshwater insecta

HydrobaeninaePelopiinae

546

3


Freshwater insecta

Tendipedinae


Freshwater insecta

3

91223


Freshwater insecta

3

3000Diamesinae,PodonminaePelopiinae=TanypodinaeTendipedinae=ChironominaeOrthocladiinae=HydrobaeninaeCorynoneurinaeClunioninae73


Freshwater insecta

3Procladius11mm 5Procladius choreus


Freshwater insecta

3PelOpia511mm1/35Pelopia


Freshwater insecta

3Tanytarsus57mmTanytrasus


Freshwater insecta

3Lauterbornia10mmLauterbornia


Freshwater insecta

3Micropsectra15mm,334Micropsectra logana


Freshwater insecta

3Endochironomus1016mm55Endochironomusnigricans


Freshwater insecta

3Polypedilum610mm143Polypedilum scalaenum


Freshwater insecta

3Stictochironomus814mm623312Stictochironomus


Freshwater insecta

3Glyptotendipes15mm13Glyptotendipes lobiferus


Freshwater insecta

3CryPtochironomus 515mmCryPtochironomus digitatus


Freshwater insecta

3Tendipus=Chironomus2030mmT. gr. plumosusT.gr.salinariusT.gr.thummi


Freshwater insecta

3Cricocotopus57mm612Cricotopus trifasciatus


Freshwater insecta
3


Freshwater insecta

3

23 7(5689

1415 17181974455-7


Freshwater insecta

36

(Lauterbornia)(Poypedilum)


Freshwater insecta

36

Cricotopus


Freshwater insecta

36EndochironomusGlxPtotendiPes35

10mm

Symbiocladius,Perla


Freshwater insecta

36

3200400Q30178

Tanytarsini

MicrOPsetra (Diamesinae)TgrsemireductusTJrthummiT.gr.attenuatus


Freshwater insecta

30120

T.gr.salinariusClunioninae

,


Freshwater insecta

1.4%,416228%16.72J/g

1951Tendipeses dorsalis022520


Freshwater insecta

Rheotanytarsus

33.5kg()/m230


Freshwater insecta

1.

2.


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