Freshwater insecta
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第三章 水生昆虫 Freshwater Insecta PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第三章 水生昆虫 Freshwater Insecta. 形态和功能 水生昆虫可分为两类,一类成虫和和幼虫都在水中生活,另一类仅幼虫为水生的。在水中生活的成虫种类不多,也少有饵料意义。水生昆虫幼虫,特别是摇蚊科幼虫,是淡水水域主要的饵料底栖动物。一些昆虫的成虫和幼虫是鱼类的敌害如龙虱和牙虫等,这里一并加以介绍。 昆虫全身明显地分为头、胸、腹三部分。体外披复几丁质的外骨骼。在生长过程中,一生要蜕换几次皮。. 一、头部

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第三章 水生昆虫 Freshwater Insecta

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Freshwater insecta

Freshwater Insecta


Freshwater insecta


Freshwater insecta

,


Freshwater insecta

12


Freshwater insecta

581011

18


Freshwater insecta


Freshwater insecta

80


Freshwater insecta

Apterygota CollembolaHypogastrura communis


Freshwater insecta

Pterygota 12

Ephemeroptera

median caudal filament11-7

150


Freshwater insecta

EPhemeridae 2030mm3Ephemera


Freshwater insecta

Odonata

5 000500AnisoPteraZygptera47(3-3)11


Freshwater insecta


Freshwater insecta


Freshwater insecta

Zygoptera3


Freshwater insecta

Agriidae Calopterygidae22mm3Agrion atratum


Freshwater insecta

Lestidae 1418mm23 2/3Lestes


Freshwater insecta

Caenagrionidael 31425mm353-6Ischnura asiatica


Freshwater insecta

AnisoPtera


Freshwater insecta

Gomphidae 410126Gomphs


Freshwater insecta

Aeschnidae 3545mm769Aeschna


Freshwater insecta

Anax


Freshwater insecta

Cordulegasteridae 43mmAnotogaster sieboldii


Freshwater insecta

Corduliidae 30mm910351113783989Macromia clio


Freshwater insecta

Libellulidae 60023mm11151012Sympetrum123-511-15


Freshwater insecta

Hemiptera

Heteroptera

Rbynchota 911 10NotonectaNepaRanatraLethocers indicus


Freshwater insecta

1010

51.52

4048000 54000


Freshwater insecta

Gerridae 8-15mm442


Freshwater insecta

Gerris


Freshwater insecta

Naucoridae 4312Naucoris exclamationis1314mm125


Freshwater insecta

Aphelochirus


Freshwater insecta

NePidae RanatraNePa33111LaccotrePhes japonensis3040mm1326NePaRanatra chinensis4050mmRanatra braehyura


Freshwater insecta

Belostomatidae 542Kirkaldyia deyrollei 6570mm16Sphaerodema rusticca1824mm


Freshwater insecta

Notonectidae 4Notonecta3-233mm564SigraAnisoPos niveus3-24


Freshwater insecta

Corixidae 412mm12Corixa substriata Siga substraiata3-256mm7Sigra distanti11mm


Freshwater insecta

Coleoptera

11105891018


Freshwater insecta

2517713

1. DytiSCidae 35260 140mmCybister84510cm


Freshwater insecta

3121000150035235016cm23


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Gyrinidae 316mmGyrinus


Freshwater insecta

Hydrophilidae 150mm5060130516


Freshwater insecta

Trichoptera

310

9427mm


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12

15


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Phryganeidae 40mm50mmPhryganea


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Diptera

33354111239

8412


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Tipulidae 1025mm23Tiplua


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Ptychopteridae LirioPidaePtychoPtera


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Culicidae AnophelesAedes() CulexChaoborus


Freshwater insecta

4534126PH59


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Dixidae 48mmUDixa


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Ceratopogonidae 4mm


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Simuliidae Simulium


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Psychodidae 310mmPSychoda


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Stratiomyiidae 1050mmStratiomyia


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Tabanidae 28cmTabanus


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Syrphidae


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Ephydridae Ephydra


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TendipedidaeChironomidae 50


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230mm


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HydrobaeninaePelopiinae

546

3


Freshwater insecta

Tendipedinae


Freshwater insecta

3

91223


Freshwater insecta

3000Diamesinae,PodonminaePelopiinae=TanypodinaeTendipedinae=ChironominaeOrthocladiinae=HydrobaeninaeCorynoneurinaeClunioninae73


Freshwater insecta

Procladius11mm 5Procladius choreus


Freshwater insecta

PelOpia511mm1/35Pelopia


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Tanytarsus57mmTanytrasus


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Lauterbornia10mmLauterbornia


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Micropsectra15mm,334Micropsectra logana


Freshwater insecta

Endochironomus1016mm55Endochironomusnigricans


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Polypedilum610mm143Polypedilum scalaenum


Freshwater insecta

Stictochironomus814mm623312Stictochironomus


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Glyptotendipes15mm13Glyptotendipes lobiferus


Freshwater insecta

CryPtochironomus 515mmCryPtochironomus digitatus


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Tendipus=Chironomus2030mmT. gr. plumosusT.gr.salinariusT.gr.thummi


Freshwater insecta

Cricocotopus57mm612Cricotopus trifasciatus


Freshwater insecta


Freshwater insecta

23 7(5689

1415 17181974455-7


Freshwater insecta

36

(Lauterbornia)(Poypedilum)


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Cricotopus


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EndochironomusGlxPtotendiPes35

10mm

Symbiocladius,Perla


Freshwater insecta

3200400Q30178

Tanytarsini

MicrOPsetra (Diamesinae)TgrsemireductusTJrthummiT.gr.attenuatus


Freshwater insecta

30120

T.gr.salinariusClunioninae

,


Freshwater insecta

1.4%,416228%16.72J/g

1951Tendipeses dorsalis022520


Freshwater insecta

Rheotanytarsus

33.5kg()/m230


Freshwater insecta

1.

2.


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