Freshwater insecta
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第三章 水生昆虫 Freshwater Insecta PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第三章 水生昆虫 Freshwater Insecta. 形态和功能 水生昆虫可分为两类,一类成虫和和幼虫都在水中生活,另一类仅幼虫为水生的。在水中生活的成虫种类不多,也少有饵料意义。水生昆虫幼虫,特别是摇蚊科幼虫,是淡水水域主要的饵料底栖动物。一些昆虫的成虫和幼虫是鱼类的敌害如龙虱和牙虫等,这里一并加以介绍。 昆虫全身明显地分为头、胸、腹三部分。体外披复几丁质的外骨骼。在生长过程中,一生要蜕换几次皮。. 一、头部

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第三章 水生昆虫 Freshwater Insecta

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Freshwater Insecta



,


12


581011

18



80


Apterygota CollembolaHypogastrura communis


Pterygota 12

Ephemeroptera

median caudal filament11-7

150


EPhemeridae 2030mm3Ephemera


Odonata

5 000500AnisoPteraZygptera47(3-3)11




Zygoptera3


Agriidae Calopterygidae22mm3Agrion atratum


Lestidae 1418mm23 2/3Lestes


Caenagrionidael 31425mm353-6Ischnura asiatica


AnisoPtera


Gomphidae 410126Gomphs


Aeschnidae 3545mm769Aeschna


Anax


Cordulegasteridae 43mmAnotogaster sieboldii


Corduliidae 30mm910351113783989Macromia clio


Libellulidae 60023mm11151012Sympetrum123-511-15


Hemiptera

Heteroptera

Rbynchota 911 10NotonectaNepaRanatraLethocers indicus


1010

51.52

4048000 54000


Gerridae 8-15mm442


Gerris


Naucoridae 4312Naucoris exclamationis1314mm125


Aphelochirus


NePidae RanatraNePa33111LaccotrePhes japonensis3040mm1326NePaRanatra chinensis4050mmRanatra braehyura


Belostomatidae 542Kirkaldyia deyrollei 6570mm16Sphaerodema rusticca1824mm


Notonectidae 4Notonecta3-233mm564SigraAnisoPos niveus3-24


Corixidae 412mm12Corixa substriata Siga substraiata3-256mm7Sigra distanti11mm


Coleoptera

11105891018


2517713

1. DytiSCidae 35260 140mmCybister84510cm


3121000150035235016cm23


Gyrinidae 316mmGyrinus


Hydrophilidae 150mm5060130516


Trichoptera

310

9427mm


12

15


Phryganeidae 40mm50mmPhryganea


Diptera

33354111239

8412


Tipulidae 1025mm23Tiplua


Ptychopteridae LirioPidaePtychoPtera


Culicidae AnophelesAedes() CulexChaoborus


4534126PH59


Dixidae 48mmUDixa


Ceratopogonidae 4mm


Simuliidae Simulium


Psychodidae 310mmPSychoda


Stratiomyiidae 1050mmStratiomyia


Tabanidae 28cmTabanus


Syrphidae


Ephydridae Ephydra


TendipedidaeChironomidae 50


230mm


HydrobaeninaePelopiinae

546

3


Tendipedinae


3

91223


3000Diamesinae,PodonminaePelopiinae=TanypodinaeTendipedinae=ChironominaeOrthocladiinae=HydrobaeninaeCorynoneurinaeClunioninae73


Procladius11mm 5Procladius choreus


PelOpia511mm1/35Pelopia


Tanytarsus57mmTanytrasus


Lauterbornia10mmLauterbornia


Micropsectra15mm,334Micropsectra logana


Endochironomus1016mm55Endochironomusnigricans


Polypedilum610mm143Polypedilum scalaenum


Stictochironomus814mm623312Stictochironomus


Glyptotendipes15mm13Glyptotendipes lobiferus


CryPtochironomus 515mmCryPtochironomus digitatus


Tendipus=Chironomus2030mmT. gr. plumosusT.gr.salinariusT.gr.thummi


Cricocotopus57mm612Cricotopus trifasciatus



23 7(5689

1415 17181974455-7


36

(Lauterbornia)(Poypedilum)


Cricotopus


EndochironomusGlxPtotendiPes35

10mm

Symbiocladius,Perla


3200400Q30178

Tanytarsini

MicrOPsetra (Diamesinae)TgrsemireductusTJrthummiT.gr.attenuatus


30120

T.gr.salinariusClunioninae

,


1.4%,416228%16.72J/g

1951Tendipeses dorsalis022520


Rheotanytarsus

33.5kg()/m230


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