Ecosystem Processes and the River Continuum Concept . Unit 1: Module 4, Lecture 5. Objectives. Students will be able to: classify sources of organic matter. diagram the flow of instream organic matter. factors that influence the storage of organic matter in streams.
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Unit 1: Module 4, Lecture 5
Students will be able to:
220.127.116.11/streamwatch/ swm10.htmlSources of organic matter
Soluble organic compounds that leach from leaves, roots, decaying organisms, and other sources
Largest pool of organic matter in streams
Particulate organic matter
Coarse particulate organic matter
Woody material & leaves > 1 mm
Fine particulate organic matter
Leaf fragments, invertebrate feces, and organic precipitates < 1 mmTypes of organic matter
This figure depicts the routes carbon follows as it is processed within a stream.
Microbes, macro-invertebrates, fish, and other organisms all play roles in the physical and chemical processing of organic matter.Instream organic matter processing
The River Continuum - www.oaa.pdx.edu/CAE/Programs/ sti/pratt/energy.html
A caddisfly of the family Limnephilidae processed within a stream.Macroinvertebrate functional roles in organic matter processing
A blackfly of the family Simulidae processed within a stream.
A caddisfly of the family HydroptilidaeMacroinvertebrate functional roles
A dipteran of the family Thaumaleidae processed within a stream.Macroinvertebrate functional roles
A stonefly of the family Perlidae processed within a stream.
A “true bug” of the family NotonectidaeMacroinvertebrate functional roles
Low concentrations in winter and fall processed within a stream.
High concentrations in summerSeasonal variation in particulate organic carbon
Photos by g. merrick
Organic matter that enters streams may be (percent estimates are approximate and variable):
Stored within the stream bank or channel (25%)
Exported downstream (50%)
Metabolized and respired as carbon dioxide by organisms (25%)
Photo – g. merrickFate of organic matter
Bear Brook in New Hampshire is the site of a famous organic matter budget study (Likens, 1973).
In the this small, forested headwater stream it was found that greater than 99% of the carbon input to Bear Brook came from allochthonous sources (POM slightly greater than DOM).
Close to 65% of this input was exported downstream from the 1700 meter long study site.
Input of DOM exceeded exports
Due to leaf fall more POM was exported than entered the siteBear Brook, New Hampshire
Low order streams matter budget study (Likens, 1973).
Shaded headwater streams
Coarse particulate matter (CPOM) provides resource base for consumer communityStream order and the RCC
Mid-order streams matter budget study (Likens, 1973).
Energy inputs change as stream broadens
Shading and contribution of CPOM decreases
Sunlight supports significant periphyton production
Upstream processing of CPOM results in input of fine particulate matter (FPOM)Stream order and the RCC
Figure 12.1 matter budget study (Likens, 1973).Carbon fluxes in a stream ecosystem