Lesson 8 power in diversity
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Lesson 8: Power In Diversity. “Every human being, of whatever origin, of whatever station, deserves respect. We must each respect others even as we respect ourselves” - U.Thant. 1. How is the U.S. image of diversity changing?.

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Lesson 8: Power In Diversity

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Lesson 8 power in diversity

Lesson 8: Power In Diversity

“Every human being, of whatever origin, of whatever station, deserves respect. We must each respect others even as we respect ourselves”

-U.Thant


1 how is the u s image of diversity changing

1. How is the U.S. image of diversity changing?

  • Assimilation: When subordinate groups take on the characteristics of the dominant group. Has evolved to be seen as unfair.

    • - Once believed that this “melting pot” would create a single kind of society.

  • Pluralism: Perspective suggests that dominant and subordinate groups function respectfully together without hostility or violence.

    • - By 2100 White=40%, Hispanic=60%


2 why should leaders be concerned with diversity

2. Why should leaders be concerned with diversity?

  • The “bottom line” is main reason leaders must work with diversity.

    • Research shows that companies that are diverse with minorities at all levels are more successful.

  • Innovation comes from many differing backgrounds.

    • Jack Welch of GE calls this the “Competitive business advantage.”


3 what is a subordinate or minority group

3. What is a subordinate or minority group?

  • Minority or subordinate groups often struggle for success.

  • Racial groups identified by physical differences … negative result is racism.

    • no mutually exclusive, pure biological races.

  • Ethnic groups: distinctive national origins and cultures.

  • Religious groups: shared faith.

    • In U.S. Protestants outnumber all other groups.

    • Catholics are largest minority religion.


3 what is a subordinate or minority group1

3. What is a subordinate or minority group?

  • Gender groups:

    • “Glass ceilings” exist for women.

    • Social barriers still exist.

  • Other subordinate groups: minorities, disabilities, education, age, political beliefs, etc.

    • Are excluded because of lack of understanding, discomfort, overgeneralization of behavior.

    • Dominant groups feel threatened by differences.

  • Race really does not matter.

    • Race does not predict intelligence!


4 what is the debate about affirmative action

4. What is the debate about Affirmative Action?

  • “Race” can be viewed as social construction.

    • Access to education is creating a more pluralistic society.

  • Affirmative Action (1961): Ensures jobs and students are equally awarded.

    • Reverse-discrimination soon became an issue.

  • By 1978 the Bakke case caused debate.

    • Lawsuit because a white medical student did not get accepted to the program despite being more qualified than the minority (he won).


5 how should leaders deal with increasing diversity

5. How should leaders deal with increasing diversity?

  • Leaders must be sensitive to “Glass Ceilings, Walls, and Escalators.”

    • Lawsuits occurring because of traditional corporate cultures.

  • Hiring of older workers is an excellent investment.

  • Focus on the “Big Picture.”

    • All people are enriched when people contribute.

  • Giuliani – example…many benefiting from one of minority status (He was Italian American).

    • He increased the “bottom line” from deficit to surplus in New York City . . . considered a hero.


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