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Installing JDK and Tomcat. Vijayan Sugumaran Department of DIS Oakland University. Downloading JDK. JDK 6 (J2SE v1.6.0_03) installer can be downloaded from the following url: Click on the Download button

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Installing JDK and Tomcat

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Installing JDK and Tomcat

Vijayan Sugumaran

Department of DIS

Oakland University

Downloading JDK

  • JDK 6 (J2SE v1.6.0_03) installer can be downloaded from the following url:

  • Click on the Download button

  • Click on Accept (license agreement) and continue

  • Click on the link for online installation:

    • Windows Online Installation, Multi-language

    • Run the installer

  • Accept all the default settings. It will create a new directory (C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.6.0_03) and there will be a subdirectory called “bin” which contains all the jdk tools (javac, java, etc.). There will also be another subdirectory called “lib” that contains the .jar files

Setting Environment Variables

  • In order to access the java binary files from any directory, we should set the PATH environment variable

  • To access .class files from other locations, we need to set the CLASSPATH variable.

  • The CLASSPATH variable can also indicate where to look for .jar files

Setting Path and Classpath

  • Right mouse click on “My Computer” and select the “Properties” option

  • The system properties panel will pop up. Click on the “Advanced” tab.

  • Click on the “Environment Variables” button

  • If the Path and Classpath variables are already defined, then you can add values at the end by clicking on the “Edit” button.

  • The directories are separated by semicolon

  • If the variables don’t exist, then you can create them by clicking on the “New” button, and enter the values for those variables (see next slide)

  • The first value for the classpath variable should be “.;” that indicates current directory

System Properties Panel

Downloading and Installing Tomcat

  • Download url:

  • Scroll down to the Binary Distributions section and click on the zip link under Core to download tomcat 6.0.14.

  • The downloaded zip file needs to be unzipped. You can put the contents under Program Files or anywhere else you like.

Configuring Tomcat

  • Make sure the “JAVA_HOME” environment variable exists. If not, create this variable and set it to C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.6.0_03 (or the directory where jdk resides)

  • For now, leave the port to 8080 (you can change it to another port number later in the server.xml file)

  • Turn on Servlet Reloading

    • Open the context.xml file (C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-6.0.14\conf\context.xml) using notepad

    • In the context.xml file, change <Context> to (it is case sensitive)

      • <Context reloadable="true“ privileged=“true”>

Configuring Tomcat (Contd)

  • Enable the Invoker Servlet

    • Uncomment the servlet and servlet-mapping elements in the web.xml file (C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-6.0.14\conf\web.xml)

    • <!-- (remove this line)

    • <servlet>

    • <servlet-name>invoker</servlet-name>

    • <servlet-class>

    • org.apache.catalina.servlets.InvokerServlet

    • </servlet-class>

    • <init-param>

    • <param-name>debug</param-name>

    • <param-value>0</param-value>

    • </init-param>

    • <load-on-startup>2</load-on-startup>

    • </servlet>

    • --> (remove this line)

    • <!-- (remove this line)

    • <servlet-mapping>

    • <servlet-name>invoker</servlet-name>

    • <url-pattern>/servlet/*</url-pattern>

    • </servlet-mapping>

    • --> (remove this line)

Configuring Tomcat (contd)

  • Turn on Directory Listings when there is no welcome-file (optional)

    • Edit the conf/web.xml file as follows














Test the Server

  • Start the server

    • Click on C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-6.0.214/bin/startup.bat

    • Open a browser window and type the url: http://localhost:8080/

    • The Tomcat page should show up

  • Try some simple HTML and JSP Pages

  • Try executing the servlet examples

  • Need to set up a development environment so that you can compile your own servlets. They need to be in a specific locaiton.

Directory Structure of Web Application

Setting up the Application Directory Structure

  • Create a directory for each application within the webapps (C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-6.0.14\webapps) directory and the necessary sub directories within it.

  • Example:

    • Create a directory called “HelloApp” for the “hello world” application within the webapps directory

    • Within HelloApp, create a subdirectory called “WEB-INF”

    • Within WEB-INF, create a subdirectory called “classes”

    • The compiled servlets have to reside in the “classes” directory

Creating, Compiling & Executing a Servlet

  • Type the code for the Hello servlet using notepad

  • Save it as in the following directory:

    C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-6.0.14\webapps\HelloApp\WEB-INF\classes

  • Add the path for the servlet-api.jar and jsp-api.jar files to the classpath variable

    • (C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-6.0.14\lib\servlet-api.jar; C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-6.0.14\lib\jsp-api.jar; )

  • Compile the file using javac

  • The Hello.class file will be created and it should also reside in the same classes directory

  • Executing the Hello servlethttp://localhost:8080/HelloApp/servlet/Hello

Creating a New Web Application

  • Steps to create a new web application called “anotherapp”

    • Create the appropriate directory structure

    • Restart Tomcat

    • Add one or more servlets to the application

    • Test the servlets

    • To control the behavior of this application add web.xml file to the WEB-INF directory

    • If a web.xml file is not provided for this application, the install_dir/conf/web.xml file will be used

Creating the Directory Structure (Review)

  • Create a folder called “anotherapp” (or any other name you choose) within the install_dir/webapps folder

  • Create the “WEB-INF” folder within the “myapps” folder

  • Create the “classes” folder within the “WEB-INF” folder

  • For now, make sure that you don’t have web.xml file within the WEB-INF directory

Remaining Steps

  • Restart Tomcat

  • Add one or more servlets to the “anotherapp” application

    • Create the servlet source file (.java file) in the install_dir/webapps/anotherapp/WEB-INF/classes directory

    • Compile the source file using javac

    • Alternatively, you can put the source file(s) anywhere you want, compile them, and then move the .class files into the install_dir/webapps/anotherapp/WEB-INF/classes directory

  • Test the servlet (say you created Hello.class)

    • http://localhost:8080/anotherapp/servlet/Hello

Deployment Descriptor File – WEB-INF/web.xml

  • The install_dir/conf/web.xml file controls the behavior of all the web applications that are under the webapps directory

  • If you want a particular web application to behave differently, then you add the web.xml file within the WEB-INF directory

  • It is not absolutely necessary that you should have the web.xml file for the application

  • Among other things, the web.xml file may contain the values of parameters that would be used during servlet initialization (calling the init() method)

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