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Introduction to ArcGIS. 12/12/2012. Class Topics. Welcome and Introductions Lesson 1: Overview Lesson 2: Data Frames and Layers Lesson 3: Accessing DNR Data Lesson 4: Exploring Data Lesson 5: Working with Tables Lesson 6: Labels, Annotation, and Graphics Lesson 7: Building Layouts.

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Introduction to arcgis

Introduction to ArcGIS

12/12/2012


Class topics

Class Topics

  • Welcome and Introductions

  • Lesson 1: Overview

  • Lesson 2: Data Frames and Layers

  • Lesson 3: Accessing DNR Data

  • Lesson 4: Exploring Data

  • Lesson 5: Working with Tables

  • Lesson 6: Labels, Annotation, and Graphics

  • Lesson 7: Building Layouts


Lesson 1 overview

Lesson 1: Overview

  • ArcMap license

  • ArcMap User Interface components

    • Toolbars and Context Menus

  • Extra: ArcMap Where Window


Arcmap

ArcMap

Program Modules for desktop ArcGIS :

  • ArcMap – for interactive data editing, making maps and analysis

  • ArcCatalog – for browsing,

    accessing, and managing

    (creating and organizing) data


Arcmap1

ArcMap

Interactive Map-Based Tasks

  • Mapping

  • Editing

  • Queries

  • Analysis

  • Printing


Arccatalog

ArcCatalog

  • Browse and preview data

  • Create, define and manage data and projects

  • Create and view metadata

  • Create a new shapefile or geodatabase


Enterprise license

Enterprise License

  • Enterprise License Agreement between ESRI and Minnesota state agencies includes:

    • ArcMap Desktop software

      • Stand alone Desktop Advanced licensing

      • Unlimited shared Desktop – Basic, Standard, and Advanced licenses

    • Extensions

      • Unlimited Spatial, 3D, Geostatistical, Network, ArcPublisher, and Maplex

    • ArcGIS Server Products


Arcgis license levels

ArcGIS License Levels

  • Licensed at different levels of functionality

    • Desktop Basic – for entry level users, can edit shapefile/personal geodatabase

    • Desktop Standard – for mid-level users, can edit multi-user database editing

      • Mid-level. Supports multi-user database editing

    • Desktop Advanced – for Power users, can design multi-user databases and conduct advanced geoprocessing

  • Availabilities of the tools are different depending on the license level


Stand alone licensing

Stand Alone Licensing

  • For employees who:

    • Are constantly on the go

    • Work in remote offices

    • Work from home

  • Contact your GIS Coordinator for more information


Check out pool license

Check out Pool License

  • ArcGIS 10.1 allows users to check out a license 90 days at a time

  • Open to ArcGIS Administrator. Check the license you want to check out and click OK.


Extensions

Extensions

  • Add additional toolbars to ArcMap

    • Spatial Analyst – grid/ LiDAR processing

    • 3D Analyst – 3d modeling

  • Can be added regardless of license level, but..

  • Some tools may not be available at certain license levels.


Add ins

Add-ins

  • Provide customizations packaged within a single compressed file.

  • Can be buttons, tools, menus, or toolbars

    • DNR Add-ins: Quicklayers and Hydrography toolbars

    • X-ray, Xtools pro, EasyCalculate. . .

  • Work regardless of level of software licensing

  • Mostly free for download off the internet


Get started window

Get Started Window

  • ArcMap – Getting Started window

Different ways to display map documents

Map Documents previously opened


Get started window1

Get Started Window

Allows you look for more map documents

Available templates

Default geodatabase

Cancel to start a new map document


Home location

Home Location

Each map document has a default geodatabase (called Home)

ArcMap saves geoprocessing results, store new datasets, export files, and access file-based information by defaultto Home

This course does not work with geodatabases, so ignore the path . . .

Default geodatabase


Getting started

Getting Started

If you want to start a new map document, then click New Maps or Cancel


Arcmap interface

ArcMap Interface

  • Table of Contents – Displays legend, selection, and source information for layers

  • Display Area –Where map is displayed

    • Data View – displays data (View)

    • Map View – displays map layout (Layout)

  • Status Bar – At bottom of the display, shows status, coordinate information, etc.

  • Toolbars – Organized sets of commands / tools


Arcmap data view

ArcMap: Data View

Toolbars

(can be moved and docked)

Table of contents

Display Area

Status Bar


Toolbars

Toolbars

  • Commands and buttons are organized into toolbars

  • Can be floating or docked anywhere, turned on / off

  • Lots of toolbars exist –

    • Use the CUSTOMIZE | Toolbars menu option to see toolbars and their display status

  • If you lose a toolbar, look to see if it is checked in the list


Toolbars1

Toolbars

  • Commonly used:

    • Standard – New, Open, Save, Print, etc.

    • Tools - interactive display navigation

    • Draw –work with graphics and text

    • Editor - for editing data

    • Layout –work on layouts

    • DNR Quick Layers 10


Toolbars2

Toolbars

  • Toolbar Madness: A condition brought on by the inability to find toolbars

    • The ability of toolbars to be moved around provides a challenge to user support

    • Toolbars can hide behind things or pushed off screen

    • Closed – Open – Left/top/bottom/right


Toolbars3

Toolbars

Docked Toolbar

Floating Toolbar


Data view

Data View

Standard Toolbar

Layout Toolbar

Tools Toolbar

Draw Toolbar


Catalog window

Catalog Window

Standard Toolbar

Very similar to ArcCatalog, but can be accessed within ArcMap


Search window

Search Window

Use to search for tools, data, maps (some settings necessary prior to use)


Image analysis window

Image Analysis Window

Use to control the display of non-WMS layers


Introduction to arcgis

Tabs

If your mouse is not hovering over these windows, they get tucked away to the right-corner of ArcMap window as tabs

Open again by clicking the tab

To keep open, click Pin button


Context menus

Context Menus

  • Accessed by right-clicking

  • Shows options valid within the context of the item the mouse pointer is over

  • Almost every item in ArcGIS has a Context Menu

    • Get into the habit -you’ll be surprised at what you find!


Map document

Map Document

  • Work is saved in a file called a “Map Document” (.MXD)

  • Create new, open existing, and save documents from the File menu and/or the Standard Toolbar

  • Remember: Map documents store references to data, but not the data itself


Map document properties

Map Document Properties

  • File | Map Document Properties

  • Used mostly for documentation purposes

    • Stores helpful info

    • Can define how paths are stored

      • Absolute (save drive letter)

      • Relative (don’t save drive letter)


Table of contents toc

Table of Contents (TOC)

  • Layers draw in TOC from bottom up

    • ArcMap places rasters on the bottom, followed by polygons, then lines, then points

  • Reorder layers by selecting and dragging

  • Can show, hide, rename, or remove layers

    • Familiar checkbox for displaying data

  • Multiple layers can be grouped - expand to see the layers underneath

  • TOC is moveable/dockable


Toc display options

TOC Display Options

Drawing Order

Source

Visibility

Selection


Toc displaying layers

TOC – Displaying Layers

Layers with a check mark are visible

Drawing Order

Visibility


Toc list by sources

TOC – List by Sources

Source

  • When adding Microsoft Access and Excel documents or any other table, they show up in the Source tab


List by selection

List by Selection

Selection

  • Selected shows the layers that contain selected records/features

  • Selectable shows the layers that you can select

  • Not selectable shows the layers that you can’t select


Data frames

Data Frames

  • Are within the TOC

  • Display a collection of layers drawn in particular order for a given map extent and projection

  • Can have multiple data frames but only one can be active

    • Alt-Click to activate

    • Data Frames have their own properties


Layers

Layers

  • When you add a dataset to ArcMap, a layer is created

    • References the spatial data such as shapefile, raster, or geodatabase

    • Have a number of properties you can set(color, line thickness, fill-patterns. . . )

    • Can be saved to a file on disk (.lyr) so that they can be shared with others or used in other map documents


Tools toolbar

Tools Toolbar

  • Navigation tools are found on the Tools Toolbar

Interactive Zoom-in

Interactive Zoom-Out

Pan

Zoom to Full-Extent

Fixed Zoom-in

Fixed Zoom-out

Previous Extent

Next Extent

Select Feature

Clear Selected Features

Select Elements (Graphics)

Identify

Hyperlink

Measure

HTML popup

Find Route

Find

Go to XY

Open Time Slider Window

Create Viewer Window


Extra quick layers toolbars

Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Open Where Window

Red dot is current location

Coordinates and PLS of the current location


Extra quick layers toolbars1

Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Where Window

When you change any value on the screen (or move the dot on the state) all other information is updated to reflect

the change


Extra quick layers toolbars2

Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Open Where Window

Set the Display Radius; (this is the view extent in ArcMap)

Click ArcMap

Close Where Window

2 mi


Extra quick layers toolbars3

Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Using Search

1

In Search area, click Advanced Search

Specify the Place Type

Type in the search word and Click Search

2

3


Extra quick layers toolbars4

Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Using Search

  • Don’t include words such as “Lake”, “River”, “WMA”, etc.

4

Select what you are looking for

(Any field can be sorted ascending or descending)


Extra quick layers toolbars5

Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Using Search

Click on ArcMap button and close Where Window


Exercise 1 overview

Exercise 1 – Overview

  • Familiarize yourself with ArcMap’s interface:

    • Tools, Buttons, Toolbars, Context sensitive help

  • Learn basic navigation tools

    • Zoom, pan, previous, next

  • Practice using the Table of Contents

    • Collapse and expand legends


Lesson 2 data frames and layers

Lesson 2: Data Frames and Layers

  • Data Frames

  • Layers

  • Layer File

  • Toolbars and Context Menus

  • Extra: Spatial References


Introduction to arcgis

Data Frames

  • Display a collection of layers drawn in a particular order for a given map extent and projection

    • Create new Data Frames

      • Insert | Data Frame

    • Active Data Frame shows in Display Window

      • Active Frame name is in bold

      • Activate Frames

        • Alt-Click

        • Context Menu - Activate


Introduction to arcgis

Data Frame Properties

General Tab

  • Define general characteristics of the data frame

    • Name and Description

    • Map and Display Units

    • Reference Scale (for labels)

    • Rotation (of view)

    • Label Engine


Introduction to arcgis

Data Frame Properties

The Data Frame Tab

  • Extent (Defines Extent)

    • Automatic

    • Fixed Scale – no zoom

    • Fixed Extent – No pan / zoom

    • Other Data Frame

  • Extent used by Full Extent Command

  • Clip to Shape

    • More like “masking”

    • Great alternative to physically clipping data


Introduction to arcgis

Data Frame Properties

The Coordinate System Tab

  • Defines coordinate system of data frame

  • All data (regardless of native coordinate system) will be appear in this coordinate system as long as the data has .prj file

  • Normally set to NAD83 UTM Zone 15N


Introduction to arcgis

Data Frame Properties

The Coordinate System Tab

  • Define the Spatial Reference to the Data Frame

    • You can manually define the Data Frame coordinate system within the Coordinate Tab of the Data Frame properties window

      OR

    • You can add one of the layers from DNR Quick Layers when you start a new ArcMap document. <Easy Way>

      Data Frame will assume the projection of the first data layer added to a data frame


Introduction to arcgis

Data Frame Properties

The Coordinate System Tab

  • Why so important to set data frame’s coordinate system?

  • Assuming all data layers have projection files (.prj) ArcMap will project the layers on-the-fly so they overlay

  • For example . . . If you acquire some data from a county and it’s in the county coordinate system, ArcMap can recognize this and project the data on top of ours anyway


Introduction to arcgis

Data Frame Properties

The Coordinate System Tab: Favorite

  • New to 10.1, select a projection and click the Favorites button, that projection will be listed under the Favorites folder.


Data frame properties

Data Frame Properties

The Grids Tab

  • Grids are drawn around Map Frames on a Layout for

  • Three types of grids

    • Reference (Indexing)

    • Graticules (Lat/Long)

    • Measured (Map Units - UTM)


Data frame properties1

Data Frame Properties

The Extent Indicators Tab

  • Shows where other Data Frames are

  • Normally used in Locator maps

  • Shows project areas in context within larger geographic areas

“Main Map” Data Frame Extent


Data frame properties2

Data Frame Properties

The Frame Tab

  • Used to put borders around data Frames on a Layout

    • Border Styles

    • Background Fills

    • Drop Shadows


Layers1

Layers

  • When you add a dataset, a layer is created

  • References spatial data like shapefilesrather than actually storing the data

  • Layers have a number of properties that you can set (color, line thickness, fill-patterns, labeling, scaling)

  • Layers can be saved to a file (.lyr)


Add data

Add Data

  • From ArcMap

    • Add Data button

    • File | Add Data menu option

    • Context menu on the Table of Contents or on the display window

  • From Quick Layers


Add data1

Add Data

From ArcCatalog or Catalog window,

Drag a Layerfrom ArcCatalog or Catalog Window


Add data2

Add Data

Add Data Dialog Window

  • Unlike Windows Explorer, Folder Connections in the Add Data window don’t show all the drives that you connected to until you add them

Windows Explorer

All the drives that I am connected to


Working with layers

Working with Layers

  • If you don’t see a folder, you need to click the Connect to folder button

  • Connect To Folder window will show all directories and folders--find your directory and click OK

Connecttoa folder


Working with layers1

Working with Layers

  • Creating a connection to a folder is a pain, but “sticks” for all Arcmap documents


Add data3

Add Data

Icons identify different geographic data types

  • Polygons

  • Points

  • Rasters

  • Lines

  • Tables


Working with layers2

Working with Layers

  • Collapse or expand

    • CTRL-Click expands/collapses all layer legends

  • Copy, paste, move, or remove

  • Draw from bottom up

  • Collapsed

    Expanded


    Working with layers3

    Working with Layers

    • Merge into group layers


    Working with layers4

    Working with Layers

    • In a group layer:

    • Expand the layer so you know what’s inside

    • Check both boxes, otherwise your layer won’t display


    Working with layers5

    Working with Layers

    The Layer Context Menu


    Layer properties

    Layer Properties

    Access by:

    • Double-clicking a layer name on the TOC

    • Right-click on a layer name and then select Properties

    The General Tab

    • Change layer name

    • Set the Scale range


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    The Source Tab

    • Shows the data location

    • Displays layer extent

      Red exclamation point next to a layer in Data Frame, means you can fix


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    The Selection Tab

    • Each layer can have its own selection color or symbol

    • Default is Aqua outline


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    The Display Tab

    • Controls the way the layer is displayed

    • Map Tips show attribute values when you hover the mouse over a feature

    • Controls Layer transparency

    • Sets up Hyperlinks

    • Excludes certain features from displaying


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    The Symbology Tab

    • Defines legend symbology

    • Default is Single Symbol

    • Color is assigned randomly by ArcMap

    • Can import legends from ArcView 3.x


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    Categories:

    • Select category and set the Value field

    • Select color scheme, or each color patch individually

    • Select multiple symbols by hold [Shift] or [Ctrl] while clicking

    Usually you want to turn off <all other values>


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    • Hundreds of predefined symbology

    • Fill color (polygon)

    • Outline color (polygon & line)

    • Custom Symbol – Click Edit Symbol

    • More symbols available – Click Style References

    Defining Symbology


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    Styles – click on Style References in the layer symbol selector


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    The Fields Tab

    • View the field definitions

    • Set aliases

    • Make field visible or invisible

    • Set the display format of numeric field data


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    Definition Query Tab

    • Set query to define which features will be visible

      • Subject <Fieldname> then

      • operand <Operand> then

      • predicate <Value or String>


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    Labels Tab

    • Set label field, font type, color, and style

    • More about this later . . .


    Introduction to arcgis

    Layer Properties

    Joins & Relates Tab

    • Allow two tables to relate (stay separate) or be joined (one appears to jump into the other)


    Layer properties image

    Layer Properties: Image

    • Control how Raster layers are displayed

      • Includes air photos, scanned maps, and raster data sets

    • No labeling

    • Tabs vary based on the data source

    • Most tab content is the same

    Only available for image layers


    Layer file

    Layer File

    • Layer Properties can be saved as a layer file (.LYR)

    • Contains all of the instructions to reconstitute the layer

    • Does not store data – only the definitions of how to display it


    Introduction to arcgis

    Extra: Spatial Reference

    .PRJ (Projection) files

    • If you don’t have the PRJ file with your shapefile...

      • You may not be able to properly display your data in ArcMap

      • You can’t edit!

    • How do I know if my shapefile has PRJ file?

      • You get an “Unknown Spatial Reference” message


    Introduction to arcgis

    Extra: Spatial Reference

    How to create a PRJ file

    • Remove the offending shapefile from the TOC of ArcMap

    • Open Catalog window (Windows | Catalog) if the tab is not seen on the right-side of ArcMap

    • Right-click on offending shapefile and select Properties


    Introduction to arcgis

    Extra: Spatial Reference

    • Assign a coordinate system and click Ok


    Exercise 3 data frames and layers

    Exercise 3 – Data Frames and Layers

    • Create Data Frames and set properties

    • Add Layers and set Layer Properties

    • Create a Layer legend

    • Set a Layer’s label properties

    • Create a Layer file


    Lesson 4 accessing dnr data

    Lesson 4: Accessing DNR Data

    • DNR Quick Layers

    • Extra: ArcGIS Online

    • Extra: Geogateway Web Site


    Introduction to arcgis

    GDRS

    • Geospatial Data Resource Site (GDRS) – a structure for storing GIS data

    • ArcMap users can access all DNR GIS data through Quick Layers

    • Read-only

    • GDRS spreading beyond DNR


    Quick layers

    Quick Layers

    • A single portal to DNR GIS data

      • Organize content by thematic class

      • Provides metadata

      • Achieve a standard look “out of the starting gate” – most data is classified, labeled, and symbolized


    Quick layers1

    Quick Layers

    • Customize | toolbars

    • Check the box beside DNR QuickLayers 10

    • Toolbar includes other tools, too

    QuickLayers Add Basemap

    Open Where window DNR Info. Tool Export to Image


    Quick layers2

    Quick Layers

    Topic Categories

    • MNDNR Classic– organized by thematic class

    • MnDNR Custom – Organized by thematic class; Rearrangement of the MnDNR Classic

    • ISO 19115 – National cartographic standards

    • <USERNAME> Custom - Create your own category structure

    • What’s New – New Layer within 60 days


    Quick layers3

    Quick Layers

    Show metadata window

    Add layer to ArcMap

    Data Source Updater

    GDRS Manager

    Check Draw Time

    Copy Selected

    Paste Clipboard to Selected Location

    Delete Selected

    Insert Layer File

    Insert New Folder

    Edit Selected Folder

    Report a Bug

    Keyword search


    Quick layers4

    Quick Layers

    • View Metadata for Layers by expanding the Quick Layers window

    • Links to the full metadata record


    Quick layers5

    Quick Layers

    Topic Categories

    • Represented as folders

      • Each folder contains a number of Layers

    • Layers are represented with a blue icon

    • Double click layer to add it to ArcMap or use the Add Data button


    Quick layers6

    Quick Layers

    In your Custom Topic Category – Organize layers by creating a category

    • Click Insert New Folder button

    • Name folder


    Quick layers7

    Quick Layers

    To Insert a Layer file

    • Click Insert Layer File button


    Quick layers8

    Quick Layers

    • Can also copy and paste from Other GDRS Topic Categories

      • Use the Copy and Paste Layers tools,

        or

      • Right-click to bring up Context menus


    Quick layers9

    Quick Layers

    Data Source Updater

    • Updates 9.3x Quick Layers (DRS) data sources to ArcMap 10 Quick Layers (GDRS) data sources

    • Automatically redirects

    • Report generated and saved to user’s machine


    Quick layers10

    Quick Layers

    GDRS Manager

    • Opens application to create and update a GDRS

      • Computer hard drive

      • Portable drive

  • Allows user to create a subset of GDRS to hard drive

  • Beneficial to those who work from home/travel for work

    • Allows access to Quick Layers without a connection to a V drive


  • Quick layers11

    Quick Layers

    Edit GDRS locations

    • Change / add where Quick Layers looks for data

    • Great for when bouncing between field and office

    • Prioritize GDRS Locations


    Quick layers12

    Quick Layers

    Check the draw time of layers in the active data frame

    • Calculates the draw time for all layers turned on in the active data frame

    • Message box will be returned with the results


    Quick layers13

    Quick Layers

    Bug Reporter


    Accessing dnr data

    Accessing DNR Data

    Quick Layers - Quick Find

    • Type in a word and click Find

      • Use lower case

      • Fewer words is better

  • Click FindNext to scroll through layers containing your search word


  • Extra arcgis online

    Extra: ArcGIS Online

    • Not DNR data--accesses ESRI’s online data

    • Can also be reached by File | ArcGIS Online

    • Quick Layers BasemapButton accesses Esri’sonline basemaps


    Extra arcgis online1

    Extra: ArcGIS Online

    Type in keywords

    Click Add to add layer to existing map document

    Click Open, to open a new map document


    Extra geogateway

    Extra: GeoGateway

    Minnesota Geographic Data Clearinghouse

    Can use to look for Minnesota data not in Quick Layers

    Search in the Location Tab

    Geogateway.state.mn.us


    Exercise 3 accessing dnr data

    Exercise 3 – Accessing DNR Data

    • Add Layers to ArcMap

    • Group Layers

    • Customize Quick Layers

    • Use the Landview Where Window


    Lesson 4 exploring data

    Lesson 4: Exploring Data

    • Selectable layers

    • Select features (interactive)

    • Identify

    • Find tool

    • Select by Attribute and Location

    • Spatial Bookmarks

    • Extra: DNR Tools


    Selectable layers

    Selectable Layers

    • Defined in TOC: List by Selection

    • Default = Everything is selectable

    • Click selection icon to toggle on/off

    Selected Records


    Selectable layers1

    Selectable Layers

    Selecting Only One Layer

    Right-click on a layer in the TOC, Selection: Make This The Only Selectable layer


    Selection options

    Selection Options

    • Control selection tool behavior

      • Selection color

      • Selection tolerance

    • Fine-tune interactive selection


    Identify tool

    Identify Tool

    Lists the full attribute record of and feature you click on


    Identify tool1

    Identify Tool

    • User specifies which layers should participate

      • Top-most layer

      • Visible Layers

      • Selectable Layers

      • All Layers

      • Individual layers are listed below…


    Identify tool2

    Identify Tool

    • Don’t forget Context menus!

      • Flash Feature

      • Zoom to Feature

      • Select Feature

      • Create Bookmark

      • Open Entire Attribute Table


    Find tool

    Find Tool

    • Locate features using text string

    • Can search

      • All Layers

      • Selectable Layers

      • One layer by name

    • Can restrict to certain fields

    • The fewer characters, the more results


    Find tool1

    Find Tool

    • Right-click to bring up the context menu:

      • Flash Feature

      • Zoom to feature

      • Identify feature

      • Set a bookmark

      • Select the feature

      • Unselect the feature


    Select feature tool

    Select Feature Tool

    • Create selection set from a layer

    • Use Selectable Layers

    • Once selection set is created, you can

      • create a layer file and/or shapefile

      • run a tool


    Selection menu

    Selection Menu


    Queries

    Queries

    • Used to search for data based on specific set of conditions

      • Attribute – performed on attributes; uses attribute field(s) of the attribute table

      • Spatial –location relative to other features; require two layers – source and target


    Select by attributes

    Select By Attributes

    • Querying the attribute table

    • “Show me all wildfires over 500 acres”


    Select by location

    Select by Location

    • Querying the data based on its spatial location

    • “Show me all wildfire locations within Hubbard County”


    Selection statistics

    Selection: Statistics..

    • Works on selected features

    • If nothing selected, works on all


    Exporting data

    Exporting Data

    • Save selected set of records to a new layer or shapefile

    • Layer Context Menu

      • Data –Export Data...

    • Save all features or selected features


    More selection options

    More Selection options


    Exploring your d ata

    Exploring your data

    • Spatial Bookmarks – a bookmark tied to coordinates rather than a URL

    • Viewer Window –additional display window at user defined extent and scale

    • Overview Window – additional window showing where you are zoomed into (like a locator map)

    • Magnifier –additional window that magnifies area under the cursor without having to zoom


    Spatial bookmark

    Spatial Bookmark

    • Keep track of where you’ve been and want to go back to

      • Like a web bookmark, only locational in nature

    • Bookmarks | create


    Overview window

    Overview Window

    • Red outline indicates where you are zoomed in


    Magnifier viewer

    Magnifier/Viewer

    Magnifer

    Toggle between Magnifier and Viewer windows by right-clicking the triangle

    Viewer

    shows a snapshot - can move a Viewer window the Viewer image stays the same


    Extra quick layers toolbars6

    Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

    DNR Info Tool

    Select Info Tool

    Click tool then click area where you want information

    Info Window will appear


    Extra quick layers toolbars7

    Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

    Check out all the tabs

    DNR Info ToolMany tools


    Exercise 4 exploring your data

    Exercise 4 – Exploring Your Data

    • Use the Find tool

    • Create and use Bookmarks

    • Create an Overview window

    • Use the Magnifier window

    • Use the Identify tool

    • Use the Select tool


    Lesson 5 working with tables

    Lesson 5: Working with Tables

    • Attribute Tables

    • Overview and various menu options

    • DNR Tools: Calculate Area/Perimeter/Length

    • Graphs

    • Extra: Creating Event Layers


    Attribute tables

    Attribute Tables

    • All Feature datasets have attribute tables

      • Every feature has an associated attribute record in a table

      • Open table by right-clicking on the layer of interest and selecting the Open Attribute Table option


    Introduction to arcgis

    Attribute Tables

    Name of active table

    Fields and field names

    # of records selected

    Show all or selected records


    Introduction to arcgis

    Attribute Tables

    • Select records with the mouse along left edge (grey boxes)

    Active table--other opened tables show as greyed-out tabs


    Introduction to arcgis

    Attribute Tables

    Related Tables

    Table Options

    Select by Attributes

    Switch Selection

    Clear Selection

    Zoom to Selected

    Delete Selected


    Introduction to arcgis

    Attribute Tables

    Display Tips:

    • To hide a column, drag the right edge of the column to the left

    • To make it visible again, double-click on the bold column edge or go to Options | Restore Default Column Widths

    • Double-clicking any column edge will restore the default width


    Introduction to arcgis

    Table Options

    • Lots of options within the menu

    • The option to a Field to the attribute table is only available when NOT in editing mode

    • Add Field dialog box requires a field name and type


    Add field

    Add Field

    • Adding new fields:

      • Field Name

      • Field Type

        • Short Integer – Up to 4 digits

        • Long Integer - Up to 9 digits (Use Double for longer than 9 digits integer)

        • Float - 7 significant digits (use for field calculations)

        • Double - 15 significant digits (use for field calculations)

        • Text

        • Date

        • Blob – Binary Large Object

        • GUID

    • For Float and Double fields

      • Precision = length of field

      • Scale = number of places to the right of the decimal


    Introduction to arcgis

    Context Menu - Field

    • Field Context Menu:

      • Sort fields

        • ascending or descending

      • Summarize Fields

        • New table created

      • Generate Statistics

        • No table created

      • Calculate field Values

      • Calculate Geometry

      • Freeze/Unfreeze Column

        • Holds column in display while scrolling

      • Delete Field – yes delete field!

      • Properties..


    Calculate geometry

    Calculate Geometry

    To calculate distance/ area in a field of your attribute table:

    • Add a new field to the layer’s attribute table (float or double)

    • Right-click on field name and choose Calculate Geometry

    • Select type and units of calculation preferred

    • Click OK to appending table without being in edit mode

    • Field will be calculated


    Calculate geometry1

    Calculate Geometry

    • Must repeat calculation once features are edited

    • Calculations can be performed on all or selected records (get into the habit of calculating all . . . )

    • Process works for other desired calculations


    Mn dnr tools v 10

    MN DNR Tools V 10

    Easier way to update general calculations – ArcToolbox

    • MNDNR Tools has General tools | Calculate area/perimeter/length

      • Double-click a tool

      • Add input

        • drag and drop from TOC

        • Click drop-down

        • Click Browse folder


    Statistics

    Statistics

    • Right-click a field name, select Statistics

    • Retrieves “snapshots” of attribute data

    • For numeric fields only


    Summarize

    Summarize…

    • Summarize text/date fields and to create synopses of large data sets

    • Decide which field to summarize, and by what

    • Add a summary table to TOC

      (i.e. Cause of fire bytotal acres)


    Extra adding tables

    Extra: Adding Tables

    Any table not a part of a shapefile will be added to the TOC | List by Source

    If table has X and Y fields, can create an event layer


    Extra creating an event layer

    Extra: Creating an Event Layer


    Extra adding an excel file

    Extra: Adding an Excel File

    • Select the XLSX file

    • Select the tab

    • Click Add

    Excel Sheet (tab) name displays in the Add Data window


    Extra adding an access file

    Extra: Adding an Access file

    • Add an Access file (.mdb) A

    • Add table of your choice

    • Click Add


    Exercise 5 working with tables

    Exercise 5 - Working with Tables

    • Sort/resize tables

    • Generate Statistics

    • Select records

    • Select by attribute (querying)

    • Create and edit a graph

    • Calculate geometry


    Lesson 6 labels annotation and graphics

    Lesson 6: Labels, Annotation, and Graphics

    • Labels

    • Annotations

    • Graphics

    • Extra: Geodatabases& Geodatabase Annotation

    • Extra: Maplex Extension


    Three types of text in arcmap

    Three Types of Text in ArcMap

    • Labels

      • Standard Label Engine - Default

      • Maplex Engine – More options

    • Annotation

      • Map Document Annotation – Annotation Group

      • Geodatabase Annotation

    • Graphic Text


    Labels

    Labels

    • Text automatically positioned

    • Source is feature attributes

    • Dynamic – when attributes change, labels change

    • Often created via Label Features option


    Annotation

    Annotation

    Created from labels

    Used in Data View


    Graphic text placed individually

    Graphic Text (placed individually)

    Created using tools in Draw toolbar

    Use in Layout or Data Views

    Different Text Tools


    Graphic text label option

    Graphic Text – Label option

    Although called Label tool, creates graphic text using values of the attribute tables


    Labels v s annotation

    Labelsv.s. Annotation

    Labels

    • Dynamic

    • Managed as a group

    • Linked to features

    • For on-screen viewing or creating map books

    • Saved in a map document

    Annotation

    • Static

    • Managed individually

    • Can be linked to features (gdb annotation only)

    • Creates high quality maps

    • Saved in map document as annotation or gdb


    Labels1

    Labels

    Label Properties

    • Layer Properties: Labels

      • Individual layer properties

    • Label Manager

      • Icon on Labeling Toolbar

      • Display and set all labeling properties for Layers in the Data Frame


    Labels annotation and graphics

    Labels, Annotation and Graphics

    The Labeling Toolbar

    Label

    Priority

    Ranking

    Label

    Weight

    Ranking

    Label

    Manager

    Lock

    Labels

    View

    Unplaced

    Labels

    Pause

    Labeling


    Labels annotation and graphics1

    Labels, Annotation and Graphics

    Label Priority

    • Defines the hierarchy for drawing order of labels between layers


    Labels2

    Labels

    Label Weight Ranking

    • Only used when a conflict between a label and feature

    • By Default, features have a feature weight of None

    • Give more important labels higher label weights

    • Except for point features and geodatabaseannotation, use feature weights sparingly because they dramatically slow labeling speed


    Labels3

    Labels

    Locking Labels

    • Locks size and position of labels in current extent

    • How?

      • Label Toolbar | Lock Labels button

    • Why?

      • Redraws faster –no label placement is calculated

      • No label movement when zooming in or out (remember that labels are placed dynamically)


    Labels standard

    Labels - Standard

    Point Label Placement

    • Predefined placement

      • 0 = off limits

      • 1 = preferred

      • 2 = medium

      • 3 = lowest

    • Custom placement options


    Labels4

    Labels

    Line label placement

    • Orientation

      • Horizontal

      • Parallel

      • Curved = follows orientation of the line at a best fit location

      • Perpendicular = straight but perpendicular

    • Position

      • Above Line, On the line, or Below,

      • Orientation and Offset

    • Location – Start point of a line

    • Duplicate Labels


    Labels5

    Labels

    Polygon label placement

    • Placement options:

      • Horizontal (try first)

      • Straight

    • Only place inside polygon

    • Duplicate labels


    Labels standard1

    Labels - Standard

    Scale Range

    • Controls label drawing at various scales

    Labels displayedwhen between these scales


    Convert to annotation

    Convert to Annotation

    Converting Labels to Annotation

    • Automatic Placement of labels doesn’t always work

    • Use when individual labels need to be moved or changed


    Introduction to arcgis

    Convert to Annotation

    • Converting Labels

      • Store annotation

        • In a database (gdb)

        • In the map (as map annotation group)

      • Create Annotation

        • All Features

        • Features in Current Extent

        • Selected Features

      • Unplaced Labels

        • By default, unplaced labels are not converted to annotation


    Introduction to arcgis

    Convert to Map Annotation

    • Store in the map

    • Create Annotation For:

      • All Features

      • Features in Current Extent

      • Selected Features

  • Unplaced Labels

    • By default, unplaced labels are not converted to annotation

  • Name your annotation or take the default name

  • Click Convert


  • Introduction to arcgis

    Map Annotation Group

    • When saving annotation in a map a new annotation group is crated

    • View the annotation layer in the Data Frame Properties | Annotation

    • Uncheck the box if you don’t want to see the map annotation in the Data View

    • Can remove <delete> the annotation group


    Select element tool

    Select Element tool

    Once annotation is created, individual annotation can be selected using Select Element tool

    Selected annotation


    Graphics

    Graphics

    • Elements you draw on Data or Layout View(s) using the Draw toolbar

    • If placed in layout view, doesn’t move when map is panned/ zoomed


    Graphics operations more

    Graphics Operations & More

    • Graphic Operations

      • Union

      • Intersect

      • Remove Overlap

      • Subtract


    Resizing graphics

    Resizing Graphics

    • Draw graphic using the drop-down Drawing button of the draw toolbar

      • Use Text tool for text graphic

    • Use Select Elements tool to move and resize

      • Resize is done by grabbing the corner and stretch


    Changing graphic properties

    Changing Graphic Properties

    • Use Select Elements tool to select a graphic

    • Either double-click or right-click on a text to open Properties window

    • Change colors in the Symbols page and area and perimeter unit in the Area page

    • Click OK


    Changing graphic text

    Changing Graphic Text

    Changing font size is different from changing size of a graphic

    • Use Select Elements tool to select a text

    • Either double-click or right-click on a text to open Properties window

    • Click Change Symbol

    • Change font type, size, and color in the Symbol Selector

    • Click OK


    Exercise 6 labels annotation and graphics

    Exercise 6 – Labels, Annotation, and Graphics

    • Generate labels

    • Set a scale range for labeling

    • Create a labeling expression

    • Change label symbology

    • Convert labels to annotation

    • Create graphic elements

    • Edit graphic elements


    Extra saving labels to annotation

    Extra: Saving Labels to Annotation

    • There is an option to store annotation in a geodatabase(must exist)

    • Unlike map annotation, a geodatabaseannotation layer is created and shows in the geodatabase if Feature Linked is checked

    • When any features are deleted, annotation for those features also deleted


    Extra saving labels to annotation1

    Extra: Saving Labels to Annotation

    Geodatabase annotation is nice because it can be added to any map document or shared with others


    Extra what is a geodatabase

    Extra: What is a Geodatabase?

    • A file folder

    • A collection of geographic datasets of various types:

      • Tables

      • Feature Classes (points, lines, polygons, annotations, dimension, multi-patches, multi-points)

      • Raster datasets

      • Non-spatial data


    Extra what is a geodatabase1

    Extra: What is a Geodatabase?

    • One geodatabase contains more than one data (geodatabase feature classes)


    Extra three types of geodatabase

    Extra: Three Types of Geodatabase

    • File Geodatabase – use this

      • Stored as folders in a file system

      • 1 Terrabytefilesize limit

    • Personal Geodatabase

      • Stored within a Microsoft Access data file

      • 2 GB filesize

    • ArcSDEGeodatabase

      • Stored in relational database (Oracle, SQL Server, DB2, Informix)

      • Unlimited in size and numbers of users

      • ArcSDE required to build and manage


    Introduction to arcgis

    Extra: Geodatabase Annotation

    • Start Catalog window

    • Create a file geodatabase in ArcCatalog

    • Import a Shapefile or feature class that you want to create geodatabase annotation for


    Introduction to arcgis

    Extra: Geodatabase Annotation

    • Add that layer to the TOC

    • Right-click on a layer on the TOC, then Label Features

    • Right-click on a layer on the TOC, then Convert labels to Annotation…


    Extra geodatabase annotation

    Extra: Geodatabase Annotation

    • Store in a database

    • Choose All features, Features in current extent, or Selected

    • Notice when Feature Linked is checked:

      • name of the annotation feature class is already provided – Layer name plus “Anno”

      • stored in the same location as the geodatabase feature class

    • Click Convert


    Extra geodatabases

    Extra: Geodatabases

    More information about geodatabasesin ArcMap Help system (keywords “overview geodatabase”)


    Extra maplex extension

    Extra: Maplex Extension

    • Another label engine

    • Gives more placement properties in the Label page of the layer properties


    Extra maplex extension1

    Extra: Maplex Extension

    Maplex Engine (Poly) Standard Label Engine(Poly)

    4 tabs 2 tabs


    Extra maplex extension2

    Extra: Maplex Extension

    Standard Label Engine (Polygon) – Two tabs


    Extra maplex extension3

    Extra: Maplex Extension

    MaplexEngine Tabs

    • Label Position

    • Fitting Strategy

    • Label Density

    • Conflict Resolution


    Lesson 7 building layouts

    Lesson 7: Building Layouts

    • Layout View

    • Page Setup/Print

    • Exporting a layout

    • Cartographic Elements

    • Legend


    Two views

    Two Views

    • ArcMap has two presentations:

      • Data View = data viewing, queries, edits

        • Equivalent to a View document in ArcView 3

        • Can have multiple Data Frames within the Data View

      • Layout View = map creation

        • Equivalent to a Layout document in ArcView 3

        • No multiple Layouts

        • Switch Views using buttons on the lower part of the view window or View | Data View/Layout View


    Layout view

    Layout View

    • A piece of paper with Data and other Frames

    Two

    Data Frames


    Page and print setup

    Page and Print Setup

    • Before creating a layout, set page size / orientation

      • File | Page and Print Setup


    Printing layout

    Printing Layout

    File | Page and Print Setup

    • Choose printer

    • Choose page size and orientation

    • Check boxes

      • Show Printer Margins on Layout

      • Scale Map Elements proportionally to change in Page Size


    Two toolbars navigation

    Two Toolbars - Navigation

    • Layout View has two navigation toolbars:

      • Map (Tools tool bar) – work on a data frame

      • Data (Layout tool bar) – works on a page

    • Use zoom / pan in Tools toolbar to get things positioned just right


    Two toolbars navigation1

    Two Toolbars- Navigation

    Tools toolbar works on Data Frames, not the page

    These work on the page, not on Data Frames


    Cartographic elements

    Cartographic Elements

    • Insert | menu

      • Once inserted, items are considered graphics


    Cartographic elements1

    Cartographic Elements

    • Once placed, can move and resize

    • Text always placed in the middle of the Layout and is very small


    Dynamic text

    Dynamic Text

    • Dynamic text automatically displays the current value of its respective property


    Placing a dnr logo

    Placing a DNR Logo

    • Use the Insert Logo button on the DNR Quick Layers 10 Toolbar

    • Can select from many standard logos

    • References images stored on the GDRS


    Cartographic elements2

    Cartographic Elements

    • Use Select Elements tool to select text and title

    • Once selected, you can move text or title

    • In order to change the font size, color, and type, you need to go to Properties page by double-clicking or right-click, then Properties

    • Delete elements using [del]


    Context menu

    Context Menu

    • Many familiar options in graphic operations --cartographic elements are considered graphics


    Legend items

    Legend Items

    • Title

    • Symbology

    • Spacing

    • Frames, backgrounds

    • Items to include

    • Columns

    • Classes

      • Patch/label order

      • Grouping

    • Select and right-click a legend to change properties OR double-click


    Legend

    Legend

    • To change what appears in the legend change the layer’s appearance in the TOC


    Legend1

    Legend

    • Double-click the layer to bring up its Properties


    Legend wizard

    Legend Wizard

    Decide what you want and how they are displayed in the legend


    Legend wizard1

    Legend Wizard

    What appears in the TOC

    What will appear in the legend


    Legend wizard2

    Legend Wizard

    You don’t have to have a Legend Title

    Legend Title Properties


    Legend wizard3

    Legend Wizard


    Legend wizard4

    Legend Wizard

    • Choose Patch properties


    Legend wizard5

    Legend Wizard

    Define spacing or keep the default


    Legend properties

    Legend Properties

    Once created, double-click a legend in the Layout View to open its Properties


    Legend properties1

    Legend Properties

    Access legend’s individual layer properties by selecting an item and clicking the style button


    Legend properties2

    Legend Properties

    Only Western Superior Uplands shows up in the legend since Only show Classes that are visible in the current map extent


    Legend properties3

    Legend Properties

    New in 10.1


    Legend properties4

    Legend Properties

    • When Fixed Frame option is selected, frame size will be frozen, and legend items added or removed will adjust to fit inside

    • If part of an item does not fit, the entire item will be dropped


    Legend properties5

    Legend Properties


    Legend properties6

    Legend Properties


    Legend properties7

    Legend Properties

    • Change how classes are displayed in using Style button


    Printing layout1

    Printing Layout

    Printing Layouts

    • FILE | Print

    • Print button

    • Print Preview option


    Printing layout2

    Printing Layout

    Best = high quality map, but takes more time to print


    Exporting layout

    Exporting Layout

    File | Export Map


    Exporting layout1

    Exporting Layout

    Select directory

    Type file name

    Select file type


    Exporting layout2

    Exporting Layout

    PDF file

    • Good option to post map to the web or send in email

    • Adjust the file size using Resolution and Output Image Quality


    Exporting a layout

    Exporting a Layout

    PDF file

    • Default is Export PDF Layers only

    • Creates a “Layered” PDF

      • Like a mini-GIS viewer

      • 10x as big as regular PDF


    Exporting layout3

    Exporting Layout

    JPG file

    • Good option to create an image file to paste to a report including Microsoft Word

    • Adjust the file size using Resolution setting


    Exercise 7 building a layout

    Exercise 7 – Building a Layout

    • Printer and page setup

    • Insert map elements

    • Create a legend

    • Add additional Data Frames

    • Navigate in the Data View and Layout View

    • Export map as a PDF


    Thanks for attending

    Thanks for attending!

    • For assistance:

      • Email [email protected] and include the keyword GIS in subject line

      • DNR Intranet pages http://intranet.dnr.state.mn.us/gis/index.html


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