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Introduction to ArcGIS. 12/12/2012. Class Topics. Welcome and Introductions Lesson 1: Overview Lesson 2: Data Frames and Layers Lesson 3: Accessing DNR Data Lesson 4: Exploring Data Lesson 5: Working with Tables Lesson 6: Labels, Annotation, and Graphics Lesson 7: Building Layouts.

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class topics
Class Topics
  • Welcome and Introductions
  • Lesson 1: Overview
  • Lesson 2: Data Frames and Layers
  • Lesson 3: Accessing DNR Data
  • Lesson 4: Exploring Data
  • Lesson 5: Working with Tables
  • Lesson 6: Labels, Annotation, and Graphics
  • Lesson 7: Building Layouts
lesson 1 overview
Lesson 1: Overview
  • ArcMap license
  • ArcMap User Interface components
    • Toolbars and Context Menus
  • Extra: ArcMap Where Window

Program Modules for desktop ArcGIS :

  • ArcMap – for interactive data editing, making maps and analysis
  • ArcCatalog – for browsing,

accessing, and managing

(creating and organizing) data


Interactive Map-Based Tasks

  • Mapping
  • Editing
  • Queries
  • Analysis
  • Printing
  • Browse and preview data
  • Create, define and manage data and projects
  • Create and view metadata
  • Create a new shapefile or geodatabase
enterprise license
Enterprise License
  • Enterprise License Agreement between ESRI and Minnesota state agencies includes:
    • ArcMap Desktop software
      • Stand alone Desktop Advanced licensing
      • Unlimited shared Desktop – Basic, Standard, and Advanced licenses
    • Extensions
      • Unlimited Spatial, 3D, Geostatistical, Network, ArcPublisher, and Maplex
    • ArcGIS Server Products
arcgis license levels
ArcGIS License Levels
  • Licensed at different levels of functionality
    • Desktop Basic – for entry level users, can edit shapefile/personal geodatabase
    • Desktop Standard – for mid-level users, can edit multi-user database editing
      • Mid-level. Supports multi-user database editing
    • Desktop Advanced – for Power users, can design multi-user databases and conduct advanced geoprocessing
  • Availabilities of the tools are different depending on the license level
stand alone licensing
Stand Alone Licensing
  • For employees who:
    • Are constantly on the go
    • Work in remote offices
    • Work from home
  • Contact your GIS Coordinator for more information
check out pool license
Check out Pool License
  • ArcGIS 10.1 allows users to check out a license 90 days at a time
  • Open to ArcGIS Administrator. Check the license you want to check out and click OK.
  • Add additional toolbars to ArcMap
    • Spatial Analyst – grid/ LiDAR processing
    • 3D Analyst – 3d modeling
  • Can be added regardless of license level, but..
  • Some tools may not be available at certain license levels.
add ins
  • Provide customizations packaged within a single compressed file.
  • Can be buttons, tools, menus, or toolbars
    • DNR Add-ins: Quicklayers and Hydrography toolbars
    • X-ray, Xtools pro, EasyCalculate. . .
  • Work regardless of level of software licensing
  • Mostly free for download off the internet
get started window
Get Started Window
  • ArcMap – Getting Started window

Different ways to display map documents

Map Documents previously opened

get started window1
Get Started Window

Allows you look for more map documents

Available templates

Default geodatabase

Cancel to start a new map document

home location
Home Location

Each map document has a default geodatabase (called Home)

ArcMap saves geoprocessing results, store new datasets, export files, and access file-based information by defaultto Home

This course does not work with geodatabases, so ignore the path . . .

Default geodatabase

getting started
Getting Started

If you want to start a new map document, then click New Maps or Cancel

arcmap interface
ArcMap Interface
  • Table of Contents – Displays legend, selection, and source information for layers
  • Display Area –Where map is displayed
    • Data View – displays data (View)
    • Map View – displays map layout (Layout)
  • Status Bar – At bottom of the display, shows status, coordinate information, etc.
  • Toolbars – Organized sets of commands / tools
arcmap data view
ArcMap: Data View


(can be moved and docked)

Table of contents

Display Area

Status Bar

  • Commands and buttons are organized into toolbars
  • Can be floating or docked anywhere, turned on / off
  • Lots of toolbars exist –
    • Use the CUSTOMIZE | Toolbars menu option to see toolbars and their display status
  • If you lose a toolbar, look to see if it is checked in the list
  • Commonly used:
    • Standard – New, Open, Save, Print, etc.
    • Tools - interactive display navigation
    • Draw –work with graphics and text
    • Editor - for editing data
    • Layout –work on layouts
    • DNR Quick Layers 10
  • Toolbar Madness: A condition brought on by the inability to find toolbars
      • The ability of toolbars to be moved around provides a challenge to user support
      • Toolbars can hide behind things or pushed off screen
      • Closed – Open – Left/top/bottom/right

Docked Toolbar

Floating Toolbar

data view
Data View

Standard Toolbar

Layout Toolbar

Tools Toolbar

Draw Toolbar

catalog window
Catalog Window

Standard Toolbar

Very similar to ArcCatalog, but can be accessed within ArcMap

search window
Search Window

Use to search for tools, data, maps (some settings necessary prior to use)

image analysis window
Image Analysis Window

Use to control the display of non-WMS layers


If your mouse is not hovering over these windows, they get tucked away to the right-corner of ArcMap window as tabs

Open again by clicking the tab

To keep open, click Pin button

context menus
Context Menus
  • Accessed by right-clicking
  • Shows options valid within the context of the item the mouse pointer is over
  • Almost every item in ArcGIS has a Context Menu
    • Get into the habit -you’ll be surprised at what you find!
map document
Map Document
  • Work is saved in a file called a “Map Document” (.MXD)
  • Create new, open existing, and save documents from the File menu and/or the Standard Toolbar
  • Remember: Map documents store references to data, but not the data itself
map document properties
Map Document Properties
  • File | Map Document Properties
  • Used mostly for documentation purposes
    • Stores helpful info
    • Can define how paths are stored
      • Absolute (save drive letter)
      • Relative (don’t save drive letter)
table of contents toc
Table of Contents (TOC)
  • Layers draw in TOC from bottom up
    • ArcMap places rasters on the bottom, followed by polygons, then lines, then points
  • Reorder layers by selecting and dragging
  • Can show, hide, rename, or remove layers
    • Familiar checkbox for displaying data
  • Multiple layers can be grouped - expand to see the layers underneath
  • TOC is moveable/dockable
toc display options
TOC Display Options

Drawing Order




toc displaying layers
TOC – Displaying Layers

Layers with a check mark are visible

Drawing Order


toc list by sources
TOC – List by Sources


  • When adding Microsoft Access and Excel documents or any other table, they show up in the Source tab
list by selection
List by Selection


  • Selected shows the layers that contain selected records/features
  • Selectable shows the layers that you can select
  • Not selectable shows the layers that you can’t select
data frames
Data Frames
  • Are within the TOC
  • Display a collection of layers drawn in particular order for a given map extent and projection
  • Can have multiple data frames but only one can be active
    • Alt-Click to activate
    • Data Frames have their own properties
  • When you add a dataset to ArcMap, a layer is created
    • References the spatial data such as shapefile, raster, or geodatabase
    • Have a number of properties you can set(color, line thickness, fill-patterns. . . )
    • Can be saved to a file on disk (.lyr) so that they can be shared with others or used in other map documents
tools toolbar
Tools Toolbar
  • Navigation tools are found on the Tools Toolbar

Interactive Zoom-in

Interactive Zoom-Out


Zoom to Full-Extent

Fixed Zoom-in

Fixed Zoom-out

Previous Extent

Next Extent

Select Feature

Clear Selected Features

Select Elements (Graphics)




HTML popup

Find Route


Go to XY

Open Time Slider Window

Create Viewer Window

extra quick layers toolbars
Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Open Where Window

Red dot is current location

Coordinates and PLS of the current location

extra quick layers toolbars1
Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Where Window

When you change any value on the screen (or move the dot on the state) all other information is updated to reflect

the change

extra quick layers toolbars2
Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Open Where Window

Set the Display Radius; (this is the view extent in ArcMap)

Click ArcMap

Close Where Window

2 mi

extra quick layers toolbars3
Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Using Search


In Search area, click Advanced Search

Specify the Place Type

Type in the search word and Click Search



extra quick layers toolbars4
Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Using Search

  • Don’t include words such as “Lake”, “River”, “WMA”, etc.


Select what you are looking for

(Any field can be sorted ascending or descending)

extra quick layers toolbars5
Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Using Search

Click on ArcMap button and close Where Window

exercise 1 overview
Exercise 1 – Overview
  • Familiarize yourself with ArcMap’s interface:
    • Tools, Buttons, Toolbars, Context sensitive help
  • Learn basic navigation tools
    • Zoom, pan, previous, next
  • Practice using the Table of Contents
    • Collapse and expand legends
lesson 2 data frames and layers
Lesson 2: Data Frames and Layers
  • Data Frames
  • Layers
  • Layer File
  • Toolbars and Context Menus
  • Extra: Spatial References

Data Frames

  • Display a collection of layers drawn in a particular order for a given map extent and projection
    • Create new Data Frames
      • Insert | Data Frame
    • Active Data Frame shows in Display Window
      • Active Frame name is in bold
      • Activate Frames
        • Alt-Click
        • Context Menu - Activate

Data Frame Properties

General Tab

  • Define general characteristics of the data frame
    • Name and Description
    • Map and Display Units
    • Reference Scale (for labels)
    • Rotation (of view)
    • Label Engine

Data Frame Properties

The Data Frame Tab

  • Extent (Defines Extent)
    • Automatic
    • Fixed Scale – no zoom
    • Fixed Extent – No pan / zoom
    • Other Data Frame
  • Extent used by Full Extent Command
  • Clip to Shape
    • More like “masking”
    • Great alternative to physically clipping data

Data Frame Properties

The Coordinate System Tab

  • Defines coordinate system of data frame
  • All data (regardless of native coordinate system) will be appear in this coordinate system as long as the data has .prj file
  • Normally set to NAD83 UTM Zone 15N

Data Frame Properties

The Coordinate System Tab

  • Define the Spatial Reference to the Data Frame
    • You can manually define the Data Frame coordinate system within the Coordinate Tab of the Data Frame properties window


    • You can add one of the layers from DNR Quick Layers when you start a new ArcMap document. <Easy Way>

Data Frame will assume the projection of the first data layer added to a data frame


Data Frame Properties

The Coordinate System Tab

  • Why so important to set data frame’s coordinate system?
  • Assuming all data layers have projection files (.prj) ArcMap will project the layers on-the-fly so they overlay
  • For example . . . If you acquire some data from a county and it’s in the county coordinate system, ArcMap can recognize this and project the data on top of ours anyway

Data Frame Properties

The Coordinate System Tab: Favorite

  • New to 10.1, select a projection and click the Favorites button, that projection will be listed under the Favorites folder.
data frame properties
Data Frame Properties

The Grids Tab

  • Grids are drawn around Map Frames on a Layout for
  • Three types of grids
      • Reference (Indexing)
      • Graticules (Lat/Long)
      • Measured (Map Units - UTM)
data frame properties1
Data Frame Properties

The Extent Indicators Tab

  • Shows where other Data Frames are
  • Normally used in Locator maps
  • Shows project areas in context within larger geographic areas

“Main Map” Data Frame Extent

data frame properties2
Data Frame Properties

The Frame Tab

  • Used to put borders around data Frames on a Layout
    • Border Styles
    • Background Fills
    • Drop Shadows
  • When you add a dataset, a layer is created
  • References spatial data like shapefilesrather than actually storing the data
  • Layers have a number of properties that you can set (color, line thickness, fill-patterns, labeling, scaling)
  • Layers can be saved to a file (.lyr)
add data
Add Data
  • From ArcMap
    • Add Data button
    • File | Add Data menu option
    • Context menu on the Table of Contents or on the display window
  • From Quick Layers
add data1
Add Data

From ArcCatalog or Catalog window,

Drag a Layerfrom ArcCatalog or Catalog Window

add data2
Add Data

Add Data Dialog Window

  • Unlike Windows Explorer, Folder Connections in the Add Data window don’t show all the drives that you connected to until you add them

Windows Explorer

All the drives that I am connected to

working with layers
Working with Layers
  • If you don’t see a folder, you need to click the Connect to folder button
  • Connect To Folder window will show all directories and folders--find your directory and click OK

Connecttoa folder

working with layers1
Working with Layers
  • Creating a connection to a folder is a pain, but “sticks” for all Arcmap documents
add data3
Add Data

Icons identify different geographic data types

  • Polygons
  • Points
  • Rasters
  • Lines
  • Tables
working with layers2
Working with Layers
  • Collapse or expand
      • CTRL-Click expands/collapses all layer legends
  • Copy, paste, move, or remove
  • Draw from bottom up



working with layers3
Working with Layers
  • Merge into group layers
working with layers4
Working with Layers
  • In a group layer:
  • Expand the layer so you know what’s inside
  • Check both boxes, otherwise your layer won’t display
working with layers5
Working with Layers

The Layer Context Menu

layer properties
Layer Properties

Access by:

  • Double-clicking a layer name on the TOC
  • Right-click on a layer name and then select Properties

The General Tab

  • Change layer name
  • Set the Scale range

Layer Properties

The Source Tab

  • Shows the data location
  • Displays layer extent

Red exclamation point next to a layer in Data Frame, means you can fix


Layer Properties

The Selection Tab

  • Each layer can have its own selection color or symbol
  • Default is Aqua outline

Layer Properties

The Display Tab

  • Controls the way the layer is displayed
  • Map Tips show attribute values when you hover the mouse over a feature
  • Controls Layer transparency
  • Sets up Hyperlinks
  • Excludes certain features from displaying

Layer Properties

The Symbology Tab

  • Defines legend symbology
  • Default is Single Symbol
  • Color is assigned randomly by ArcMap
  • Can import legends from ArcView 3.x

Layer Properties


  • Select category and set the Value field
  • Select color scheme, or each color patch individually
  • Select multiple symbols by hold [Shift] or [Ctrl] while clicking

Usually you want to turn off <all other values>


Layer Properties

  • Hundreds of predefined symbology
  • Fill color (polygon)
  • Outline color (polygon & line)
  • Custom Symbol – Click Edit Symbol
  • More symbols available – Click Style References

Defining Symbology


Layer Properties

Styles – click on Style References in the layer symbol selector


Layer Properties

The Fields Tab

  • View the field definitions
  • Set aliases
  • Make field visible or invisible
  • Set the display format of numeric field data

Layer Properties

Definition Query Tab

  • Set query to define which features will be visible
    • Subject <Fieldname> then
    • operand <Operand> then
    • predicate <Value or String>

Layer Properties

Labels Tab

  • Set label field, font type, color, and style
  • More about this later . . .

Layer Properties

Joins & Relates Tab

  • Allow two tables to relate (stay separate) or be joined (one appears to jump into the other)
layer properties image
Layer Properties: Image
  • Control how Raster layers are displayed
      • Includes air photos, scanned maps, and raster data sets
    • No labeling
    • Tabs vary based on the data source
    • Most tab content is the same

Only available for image layers

layer file
Layer File
  • Layer Properties can be saved as a layer file (.LYR)
  • Contains all of the instructions to reconstitute the layer
  • Does not store data – only the definitions of how to display it

Extra: Spatial Reference

.PRJ (Projection) files

  • If you don’t have the PRJ file with your shapefile...
    • You may not be able to properly display your data in ArcMap
    • You can’t edit!
  • How do I know if my shapefile has PRJ file?
    • You get an “Unknown Spatial Reference” message

Extra: Spatial Reference

How to create a PRJ file

  • Remove the offending shapefile from the TOC of ArcMap
  • Open Catalog window (Windows | Catalog) if the tab is not seen on the right-side of ArcMap
  • Right-click on offending shapefile and select Properties

Extra: Spatial Reference

  • Assign a coordinate system and click Ok
exercise 3 data frames and layers
Exercise 3 – Data Frames and Layers
  • Create Data Frames and set properties
  • Add Layers and set Layer Properties
  • Create a Layer legend
  • Set a Layer’s label properties
  • Create a Layer file
lesson 4 accessing dnr data
Lesson 4: Accessing DNR Data
  • DNR Quick Layers
  • Extra: ArcGIS Online
  • Extra: Geogateway Web Site
  • Geospatial Data Resource Site (GDRS) – a structure for storing GIS data
  • ArcMap users can access all DNR GIS data through Quick Layers
  • Read-only
  • GDRS spreading beyond DNR
quick layers
Quick Layers
  • A single portal to DNR GIS data
    • Organize content by thematic class
    • Provides metadata
    • Achieve a standard look “out of the starting gate” – most data is classified, labeled, and symbolized
quick layers1
Quick Layers
  • Customize | toolbars
  • Check the box beside DNR QuickLayers 10
  • Toolbar includes other tools, too

QuickLayers Add Basemap

Open Where window DNR Info. Tool Export to Image

quick layers2
Quick Layers

Topic Categories

  • MNDNR Classic– organized by thematic class
  • MnDNR Custom – Organized by thematic class; Rearrangement of the MnDNR Classic
  • ISO 19115 – National cartographic standards
  • <USERNAME> Custom - Create your own category structure
  • What’s New – New Layer within 60 days
quick layers3
Quick Layers

Show metadata window

Add layer to ArcMap

Data Source Updater

GDRS Manager

Check Draw Time

Copy Selected

Paste Clipboard to Selected Location

Delete Selected

Insert Layer File

Insert New Folder

Edit Selected Folder

Report a Bug

Keyword search

quick layers4
Quick Layers
  • View Metadata for Layers by expanding the Quick Layers window
  • Links to the full metadata record
quick layers5
Quick Layers

Topic Categories

  • Represented as folders
    • Each folder contains a number of Layers
  • Layers are represented with a blue icon
  • Double click layer to add it to ArcMap or use the Add Data button
quick layers6
Quick Layers

In your Custom Topic Category – Organize layers by creating a category

  • Click Insert New Folder button
  • Name folder
quick layers7
Quick Layers

To Insert a Layer file

  • Click Insert Layer File button
quick layers8
Quick Layers
  • Can also copy and paste from Other GDRS Topic Categories
    • Use the Copy and Paste Layers tools,


    • Right-click to bring up Context menus
quick layers9
Quick Layers

Data Source Updater

  • Updates 9.3x Quick Layers (DRS) data sources to ArcMap 10 Quick Layers (GDRS) data sources
  • Automatically redirects
  • Report generated and saved to user’s machine
quick layers10
Quick Layers

GDRS Manager

  • Opens application to create and update a GDRS
      • Computer hard drive
      • Portable drive
  • Allows user to create a subset of GDRS to hard drive
  • Beneficial to those who work from home/travel for work
    • Allows access to Quick Layers without a connection to a V drive
quick layers11
Quick Layers

Edit GDRS locations

  • Change / add where Quick Layers looks for data
  • Great for when bouncing between field and office
  • Prioritize GDRS Locations
quick layers12
Quick Layers

Check the draw time of layers in the active data frame

  • Calculates the draw time for all layers turned on in the active data frame
  • Message box will be returned with the results
quick layers13
Quick Layers

Bug Reporter

accessing dnr data
Accessing DNR Data

Quick Layers - Quick Find

  • Type in a word and click Find
      • Use lower case
      • Fewer words is better
  • Click FindNext to scroll through layers containing your search word
extra arcgis online
Extra: ArcGIS Online
  • Not DNR data--accesses ESRI’s online data
  • Can also be reached by File | ArcGIS Online
  • Quick Layers BasemapButton accesses Esri’sonline basemaps
extra arcgis online1
Extra: ArcGIS Online

Type in keywords

Click Add to add layer to existing map document

Click Open, to open a new map document

extra geogateway
Extra: GeoGateway

Minnesota Geographic Data Clearinghouse

Can use to look for Minnesota data not in Quick Layers

Search in the Location Tab

exercise 3 accessing dnr data
Exercise 3 – Accessing DNR Data
  • Add Layers to ArcMap
  • Group Layers
  • Customize Quick Layers
  • Use the Landview Where Window
lesson 4 exploring data
Lesson 4: Exploring Data
  • Selectable layers
  • Select features (interactive)
  • Identify
  • Find tool
  • Select by Attribute and Location
  • Spatial Bookmarks
  • Extra: DNR Tools
selectable layers
Selectable Layers
  • Defined in TOC: List by Selection
  • Default = Everything is selectable
  • Click selection icon to toggle on/off

Selected Records

selectable layers1
Selectable Layers

Selecting Only One Layer

Right-click on a layer in the TOC, Selection: Make This The Only Selectable layer

selection options
Selection Options
  • Control selection tool behavior
    • Selection color
    • Selection tolerance
  • Fine-tune interactive selection
identify tool
Identify Tool

Lists the full attribute record of and feature you click on

identify tool1
Identify Tool
  • User specifies which layers should participate
    • Top-most layer
    • Visible Layers
    • Selectable Layers
    • All Layers
    • Individual layers are listed below…
identify tool2
Identify Tool
  • Don’t forget Context menus!
    • Flash Feature
    • Zoom to Feature
    • Select Feature
    • Create Bookmark
    • Open Entire Attribute Table
find tool
Find Tool
  • Locate features using text string
  • Can search
    • All Layers
    • Selectable Layers
    • One layer by name
  • Can restrict to certain fields
  • The fewer characters, the more results
find tool1
Find Tool
  • Right-click to bring up the context menu:
    • Flash Feature
    • Zoom to feature
    • Identify feature
    • Set a bookmark
    • Select the feature
    • Unselect the feature
select feature tool
Select Feature Tool
  • Create selection set from a layer
  • Use Selectable Layers
  • Once selection set is created, you can
    • create a layer file and/or shapefile
    • run a tool
  • Used to search for data based on specific set of conditions
    • Attribute – performed on attributes; uses attribute field(s) of the attribute table
    • Spatial –location relative to other features; require two layers – source and target
select by attributes
Select By Attributes
  • Querying the attribute table
  • “Show me all wildfires over 500 acres”
select by location
Select by Location
  • Querying the data based on its spatial location
  • “Show me all wildfire locations within Hubbard County”
selection statistics
Selection: Statistics..
  • Works on selected features
  • If nothing selected, works on all
exporting data
Exporting Data
  • Save selected set of records to a new layer or shapefile
  • Layer Context Menu
    • Data –Export Data...
  • Save all features or selected features
exploring your d ata
Exploring your data
  • Spatial Bookmarks – a bookmark tied to coordinates rather than a URL
  • Viewer Window –additional display window at user defined extent and scale
  • Overview Window – additional window showing where you are zoomed into (like a locator map)
  • Magnifier –additional window that magnifies area under the cursor without having to zoom
spatial bookmark
Spatial Bookmark
  • Keep track of where you’ve been and want to go back to
    • Like a web bookmark, only locational in nature
  • Bookmarks | create
overview window
Overview Window
  • Red outline indicates where you are zoomed in
magnifier viewer


Toggle between Magnifier and Viewer windows by right-clicking the triangle


shows a snapshot - can move a Viewer window the Viewer image stays the same

extra quick layers toolbars6
Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

DNR Info Tool

Select Info Tool

Click tool then click area where you want information

Info Window will appear

extra quick layers toolbars7
Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars

Check out all the tabs

DNR Info ToolMany tools

exercise 4 exploring your data
Exercise 4 – Exploring Your Data
  • Use the Find tool
  • Create and use Bookmarks
  • Create an Overview window
  • Use the Magnifier window
  • Use the Identify tool
  • Use the Select tool
lesson 5 working with tables
Lesson 5: Working with Tables
  • Attribute Tables
  • Overview and various menu options
  • DNR Tools: Calculate Area/Perimeter/Length
  • Graphs
  • Extra: Creating Event Layers
attribute tables
Attribute Tables
  • All Feature datasets have attribute tables
    • Every feature has an associated attribute record in a table
    • Open table by right-clicking on the layer of interest and selecting the Open Attribute Table option

Attribute Tables

Name of active table

Fields and field names

# of records selected

Show all or selected records


Attribute Tables

  • Select records with the mouse along left edge (grey boxes)

Active table--other opened tables show as greyed-out tabs


Attribute Tables

Related Tables

Table Options

Select by Attributes

Switch Selection

Clear Selection

Zoom to Selected

Delete Selected


Attribute Tables

Display Tips:

  • To hide a column, drag the right edge of the column to the left
  • To make it visible again, double-click on the bold column edge or go to Options | Restore Default Column Widths
  • Double-clicking any column edge will restore the default width

Table Options

  • Lots of options within the menu
  • The option to a Field to the attribute table is only available when NOT in editing mode
  • Add Field dialog box requires a field name and type
add field
Add Field
  • Adding new fields:
    • Field Name
    • Field Type
      • Short Integer – Up to 4 digits
      • Long Integer - Up to 9 digits (Use Double for longer than 9 digits integer)
      • Float - 7 significant digits (use for field calculations)
      • Double - 15 significant digits (use for field calculations)
      • Text
      • Date
      • Blob – Binary Large Object
      • GUID
  • For Float and Double fields
    • Precision = length of field
    • Scale = number of places to the right of the decimal

Context Menu - Field

  • Field Context Menu:
    • Sort fields
      • ascending or descending
    • Summarize Fields
      • New table created
    • Generate Statistics
      • No table created
    • Calculate field Values
    • Calculate Geometry
    • Freeze/Unfreeze Column
      • Holds column in display while scrolling
    • Delete Field – yes delete field!
    • Properties..
calculate geometry
Calculate Geometry

To calculate distance/ area in a field of your attribute table:

  • Add a new field to the layer’s attribute table (float or double)
  • Right-click on field name and choose Calculate Geometry
  • Select type and units of calculation preferred
  • Click OK to appending table without being in edit mode
  • Field will be calculated
calculate geometry1
Calculate Geometry
  • Must repeat calculation once features are edited
  • Calculations can be performed on all or selected records (get into the habit of calculating all . . . )
  • Process works for other desired calculations
mn dnr tools v 10
MN DNR Tools V 10

Easier way to update general calculations – ArcToolbox

  • MNDNR Tools has General tools | Calculate area/perimeter/length
    • Double-click a tool
    • Add input
      • drag and drop from TOC
      • Click drop-down
      • Click Browse folder
  • Right-click a field name, select Statistics
  • Retrieves “snapshots” of attribute data
  • For numeric fields only
  • Summarize text/date fields and to create synopses of large data sets
  • Decide which field to summarize, and by what
  • Add a summary table to TOC

(i.e. Cause of fire bytotal acres)

extra adding tables
Extra: Adding Tables

Any table not a part of a shapefile will be added to the TOC | List by Source

If table has X and Y fields, can create an event layer

extra adding an excel file
Extra: Adding an Excel File
  • Select the XLSX file
  • Select the tab
  • Click Add

Excel Sheet (tab) name displays in the Add Data window

extra adding an access file
Extra: Adding an Access file
  • Add an Access file (.mdb) A
  • Add table of your choice
  • Click Add
exercise 5 working with tables
Exercise 5 - Working with Tables
  • Sort/resize tables
  • Generate Statistics
  • Select records
  • Select by attribute (querying)
  • Create and edit a graph
  • Calculate geometry
lesson 6 labels annotation and graphics
Lesson 6: Labels, Annotation, and Graphics
  • Labels
  • Annotations
  • Graphics
  • Extra: Geodatabases& Geodatabase Annotation
  • Extra: Maplex Extension
three types of text in arcmap
Three Types of Text in ArcMap
  • Labels
    • Standard Label Engine - Default
    • Maplex Engine – More options
  • Annotation
    • Map Document Annotation – Annotation Group
    • Geodatabase Annotation
  • Graphic Text
  • Text automatically positioned
  • Source is feature attributes
  • Dynamic – when attributes change, labels change
  • Often created via Label Features option

Created from labels

Used in Data View

graphic text placed individually
Graphic Text (placed individually)

Created using tools in Draw toolbar

Use in Layout or Data Views

Different Text Tools

graphic text label option
Graphic Text – Label option

Although called Label tool, creates graphic text using values of the attribute tables

labels v s annotation
Labelsv.s. Annotation


  • Dynamic
  • Managed as a group
  • Linked to features
  • For on-screen viewing or creating map books
  • Saved in a map document


  • Static
  • Managed individually
  • Can be linked to features (gdb annotation only)
  • Creates high quality maps
  • Saved in map document as annotation or gdb

Label Properties

  • Layer Properties: Labels
    • Individual layer properties
  • Label Manager
    • Icon on Labeling Toolbar
    • Display and set all labeling properties for Layers in the Data Frame
labels annotation and graphics
Labels, Annotation and Graphics

The Labeling Toolbar
















labels annotation and graphics1
Labels, Annotation and Graphics

Label Priority

  • Defines the hierarchy for drawing order of labels between layers

Label Weight Ranking

  • Only used when a conflict between a label and feature
  • By Default, features have a feature weight of None
  • Give more important labels higher label weights
  • Except for point features and geodatabaseannotation, use feature weights sparingly because they dramatically slow labeling speed

Locking Labels

  • Locks size and position of labels in current extent
  • How?
    • Label Toolbar | Lock Labels button
  • Why?
    • Redraws faster –no label placement is calculated
    • No label movement when zooming in or out (remember that labels are placed dynamically)
labels standard
Labels - Standard

Point Label Placement

  • Predefined placement
    • 0 = off limits
    • 1 = preferred
    • 2 = medium
    • 3 = lowest
  • Custom placement options

Line label placement

  • Orientation
    • Horizontal
    • Parallel
    • Curved = follows orientation of the line at a best fit location
    • Perpendicular = straight but perpendicular
  • Position
    • Above Line, On the line, or Below,
    • Orientation and Offset
  • Location – Start point of a line
  • Duplicate Labels

Polygon label placement

  • Placement options:
    • Horizontal (try first)
    • Straight
  • Only place inside polygon
  • Duplicate labels
labels standard1
Labels - Standard

Scale Range

  • Controls label drawing at various scales

Labels displayedwhen between these scales

convert to annotation
Convert to Annotation

Converting Labels to Annotation

  • Automatic Placement of labels doesn’t always work
  • Use when individual labels need to be moved or changed

Convert to Annotation

  • Converting Labels
    • Store annotation
      • In a database (gdb)
      • In the map (as map annotation group)
    • Create Annotation
      • All Features
      • Features in Current Extent
      • Selected Features
    • Unplaced Labels
      • By default, unplaced labels are not converted to annotation

Convert to Map Annotation

  • Store in the map
  • Create Annotation For:
      • All Features
      • Features in Current Extent
      • Selected Features
  • Unplaced Labels
      • By default, unplaced labels are not converted to annotation
  • Name your annotation or take the default name
  • Click Convert

Map Annotation Group

  • When saving annotation in a map a new annotation group is crated
  • View the annotation layer in the Data Frame Properties | Annotation
  • Uncheck the box if you don’t want to see the map annotation in the Data View
  • Can remove <delete> the annotation group
select element tool
Select Element tool

Once annotation is created, individual annotation can be selected using Select Element tool

Selected annotation

  • Elements you draw on Data or Layout View(s) using the Draw toolbar
  • If placed in layout view, doesn’t move when map is panned/ zoomed
graphics operations more
Graphics Operations & More
  • Graphic Operations
    • Union
    • Intersect
    • Remove Overlap
    • Subtract
resizing graphics
Resizing Graphics
  • Draw graphic using the drop-down Drawing button of the draw toolbar
    • Use Text tool for text graphic
  • Use Select Elements tool to move and resize
    • Resize is done by grabbing the corner and stretch
changing graphic properties
Changing Graphic Properties
  • Use Select Elements tool to select a graphic
  • Either double-click or right-click on a text to open Properties window
  • Change colors in the Symbols page and area and perimeter unit in the Area page
  • Click OK
changing graphic text
Changing Graphic Text

Changing font size is different from changing size of a graphic

  • Use Select Elements tool to select a text
  • Either double-click or right-click on a text to open Properties window
  • Click Change Symbol
  • Change font type, size, and color in the Symbol Selector
  • Click OK
exercise 6 labels annotation and graphics
Exercise 6 – Labels, Annotation, and Graphics
  • Generate labels
  • Set a scale range for labeling
  • Create a labeling expression
  • Change label symbology
  • Convert labels to annotation
  • Create graphic elements
  • Edit graphic elements
extra saving labels to annotation
Extra: Saving Labels to Annotation
  • There is an option to store annotation in a geodatabase(must exist)
  • Unlike map annotation, a geodatabaseannotation layer is created and shows in the geodatabase if Feature Linked is checked
  • When any features are deleted, annotation for those features also deleted
extra saving labels to annotation1
Extra: Saving Labels to Annotation

Geodatabase annotation is nice because it can be added to any map document or shared with others

extra what is a geodatabase
Extra: What is a Geodatabase?
  • A file folder
  • A collection of geographic datasets of various types:
    • Tables
    • Feature Classes (points, lines, polygons, annotations, dimension, multi-patches, multi-points)
    • Raster datasets
    • Non-spatial data
extra what is a geodatabase1
Extra: What is a Geodatabase?
  • One geodatabase contains more than one data (geodatabase feature classes)
extra three types of geodatabase
Extra: Three Types of Geodatabase
  • File Geodatabase – use this
    • Stored as folders in a file system
    • 1 Terrabytefilesize limit
  • Personal Geodatabase
    • Stored within a Microsoft Access data file
    • 2 GB filesize
  • ArcSDEGeodatabase
    • Stored in relational database (Oracle, SQL Server, DB2, Informix)
    • Unlimited in size and numbers of users
    • ArcSDE required to build and manage

Extra: Geodatabase Annotation

  • Start Catalog window
  • Create a file geodatabase in ArcCatalog
  • Import a Shapefile or feature class that you want to create geodatabase annotation for

Extra: Geodatabase Annotation

  • Add that layer to the TOC
  • Right-click on a layer on the TOC, then Label Features
  • Right-click on a layer on the TOC, then Convert labels to Annotation…
extra geodatabase annotation
Extra: Geodatabase Annotation
  • Store in a database
  • Choose All features, Features in current extent, or Selected
  • Notice when Feature Linked is checked:
    • name of the annotation feature class is already provided – Layer name plus “Anno”
    • stored in the same location as the geodatabase feature class
  • Click Convert
extra geodatabases
Extra: Geodatabases

More information about geodatabasesin ArcMap Help system (keywords “overview geodatabase”)

extra maplex extension
Extra: Maplex Extension
  • Another label engine
  • Gives more placement properties in the Label page of the layer properties
extra maplex extension1
Extra: Maplex Extension

Maplex Engine (Poly) Standard Label Engine(Poly)

4 tabs 2 tabs

extra maplex extension2
Extra: Maplex Extension

Standard Label Engine (Polygon) – Two tabs

extra maplex extension3
Extra: Maplex Extension

MaplexEngine Tabs

  • Label Position
  • Fitting Strategy
  • Label Density
  • Conflict Resolution
lesson 7 building layouts
Lesson 7: Building Layouts
  • Layout View
  • Page Setup/Print
  • Exporting a layout
  • Cartographic Elements
  • Legend
two views
Two Views
  • ArcMap has two presentations:
    • Data View = data viewing, queries, edits
      • Equivalent to a View document in ArcView 3
      • Can have multiple Data Frames within the Data View
    • Layout View = map creation
      • Equivalent to a Layout document in ArcView 3
      • No multiple Layouts
      • Switch Views using buttons on the lower part of the view window or View | Data View/Layout View
layout view
Layout View
  • A piece of paper with Data and other Frames


Data Frames

page and print setup
Page and Print Setup
  • Before creating a layout, set page size / orientation
    • File | Page and Print Setup
printing layout
Printing Layout

File | Page and Print Setup

  • Choose printer
  • Choose page size and orientation
  • Check boxes
    • Show Printer Margins on Layout
    • Scale Map Elements proportionally to change in Page Size
two toolbars navigation
Two Toolbars - Navigation
  • Layout View has two navigation toolbars:
    • Map (Tools tool bar) – work on a data frame
    • Data (Layout tool bar) – works on a page
  • Use zoom / pan in Tools toolbar to get things positioned just right
two toolbars navigation1
Two Toolbars- Navigation

Tools toolbar works on Data Frames, not the page

These work on the page, not on Data Frames

cartographic elements
Cartographic Elements
  • Insert | menu
    • Once inserted, items are considered graphics
cartographic elements1
Cartographic Elements
  • Once placed, can move and resize
  • Text always placed in the middle of the Layout and is very small
dynamic text
Dynamic Text
  • Dynamic text automatically displays the current value of its respective property
placing a dnr logo
Placing a DNR Logo
  • Use the Insert Logo button on the DNR Quick Layers 10 Toolbar
  • Can select from many standard logos
  • References images stored on the GDRS
cartographic elements2
Cartographic Elements
  • Use Select Elements tool to select text and title
  • Once selected, you can move text or title
  • In order to change the font size, color, and type, you need to go to Properties page by double-clicking or right-click, then Properties
  • Delete elements using [del]
context menu
Context Menu
  • Many familiar options in graphic operations --cartographic elements are considered graphics
legend items
Legend Items
  • Title
  • Symbology
  • Spacing
  • Frames, backgrounds
  • Items to include
  • Columns
  • Classes
    • Patch/label order
    • Grouping
  • Select and right-click a legend to change properties OR double-click
  • To change what appears in the legend change the layer’s appearance in the TOC
  • Double-click the layer to bring up its Properties
legend wizard
Legend Wizard

Decide what you want and how they are displayed in the legend

legend wizard1
Legend Wizard

What appears in the TOC

What will appear in the legend

legend wizard2
Legend Wizard

You don’t have to have a Legend Title

Legend Title Properties

legend wizard4
Legend Wizard
  • Choose Patch properties
legend wizard5
Legend Wizard

Define spacing or keep the default

legend properties
Legend Properties

Once created, double-click a legend in the Layout View to open its Properties

legend properties1
Legend Properties

Access legend’s individual layer properties by selecting an item and clicking the style button

legend properties2
Legend Properties

Only Western Superior Uplands shows up in the legend since Only show Classes that are visible in the current map extent

legend properties4
Legend Properties
  • When Fixed Frame option is selected, frame size will be frozen, and legend items added or removed will adjust to fit inside
  • If part of an item does not fit, the entire item will be dropped
legend properties7
Legend Properties
  • Change how classes are displayed in using Style button
printing layout1
Printing Layout

Printing Layouts

  • FILE | Print
  • Print button
  • Print Preview option
printing layout2
Printing Layout

Best = high quality map, but takes more time to print

exporting layout
Exporting Layout

File | Export Map

exporting layout1
Exporting Layout

Select directory

Type file name

Select file type

exporting layout2
Exporting Layout

PDF file

  • Good option to post map to the web or send in email
  • Adjust the file size using Resolution and Output Image Quality
exporting a layout
Exporting a Layout

PDF file

  • Default is Export PDF Layers only
  • Creates a “Layered” PDF
    • Like a mini-GIS viewer
    • 10x as big as regular PDF
exporting layout3
Exporting Layout

JPG file

  • Good option to create an image file to paste to a report including Microsoft Word
  • Adjust the file size using Resolution setting
exercise 7 building a layout
Exercise 7 – Building a Layout
  • Printer and page setup
  • Insert map elements
  • Create a legend
  • Add additional Data Frames
  • Navigate in the Data View and Layout View
  • Export map as a PDF
thanks for attending
Thanks for attending!
  • For assistance:
    • Email [email protected] and include the keyword GIS in subject line
    • DNR Intranet pages