Ibi service delivery
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IBI Service Delivery. Laura and Bruce McIntosh 905-761-5226 [email protected] Our Story. Cliff was diagnosed in February, 2003 at Markham-Stouffville Hospital

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IBI Service Delivery

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Ibi service delivery

IBI Service Delivery

Laura and Bruce McIntosh

905-761-5226

[email protected]


Our story

Our Story

  • Cliff was diagnosed in February, 2003 at Markham-Stouffville Hospital

  • Falls “at the mild end of the severe range” on spectrum, is verbal (50% of autistic children are not) and also hyperlexic and suffers from petit mal seizures

  • Is on wait lists with the following: Kinark, Geneva Centre, York Behaviour Management and Thistletown

  • The only government-funded therapeutic service he has received is 36 hours of speech therapy—and he’s “off block” until September because there aren’t enough Speech Pathologists available

  • Despite our education and political skills, that’s all we’ve been able to get for him. It’s not enough.


Our story cont d

Our Story (cont’d)

  • Don’t qualify for ACSD

  • Turned down by Jennifer Ashleigh Foundation and other charities

  • Private IBI therapy (at home) will cost $30/hour x 20 hrs/wk (min) = $2400/month or $30,000/yr

  • That’s almost half of Laura’s annual salary

  • We know Cliff could be one the 47% of kids who go on to be “indistinguishable from [his] peers” in Grade one IF he gets IBI now (Lovaas, 1987)


Goals and objectives

Goals and Objectives

  • Release existing funds sooner for IBI therapy

  • Eliminate waiting lists

  • Premier’s commitment is on the record

  • Avoid bad coverage in the media

  • Help more autistic children like Cliff


The big picture

The Big Picture

  • Increasing rate of diagnosis (1 in 200)

  • 18 new referrals per week (province-wide)

  • Lengthening waiting lists (potentially 4,100)

  • Court action for those 6 yrs. and older*

  • Human rights appeals for those 5 yrs. and under*

  • Ombudsman complaint (Martel, Sept. ’02)

  • Media attention

*Part of a continent-wide trend—B.C., Nfld., several U.S. states


Waiting lists waste money

Waiting lists waste money

  • Delay in receiving service necessitates a re-assessment at intake—$2,000-3,000 per child

  • If there are 2,000 kids on the wait list province-wide, that’s $6 million (and growing due to new referrals)

  • State of Pennsylvania research shows that receiving IBI will cut future use of health and social services by half—in their case that’s $1 million saved—per child (Jacobson, Mulick and Green, 1998)

  • 3 new referrals/week in York Region means about 18/week or 932/year province-wide


The kinark situation

The Kinark situation

  • Stated in April ’03 that they would cut spaces from 120 to 80 to prevent going over budget through “aging out”—i.e. attrition will not create vacancies without new money

  • 2003 budget was $6.3M, more than ’02 budget, but less than the amount they “accidentally” spent—only created 29 spaces with the $800,000 budget increase (23 in the Regional Program and 6 DFO)

  • An additional $600,000 allocated in September ’03 created 11 spaces, all DFO

  • Hired two “Wait List Coordinators” and a “Program Manager” so admin costs will grow


Private sector therapy costs less than kinark therapy

Private sector therapy costs less than Kinark therapy

  • Kinark was over budget in 2002 (spent $7.4M on a budget of $5.5M)

  • Admin costs were “10%” or $740,000

  • 80 DFO kids cost about $2.85M or $35,625 per child (hourly rate is capped at $26.58)

  • 40 regional kids cost about $3.81M or $95,250 per child

  • DFO families pay for $10-$15K of expenses that are covered under the regional program, even though guidelines say they are covered

  • Private providers can do the same job for 50% less than the government agency

  • Decision to allocate funding to Regional Program or Direct Funding Option is Kinark’s decision—they put their own program first


Private sector capacity

Private sector capacity

  • Estimates given in early May, 2003, before Kinark cuts freed up any private spaces and before new money arrived

  • Belief that private capacity does not exist is simply not accurate


How did we get here

How Did We Get Here?

  • The Harris government began funding IBI in 1999

  • Funds are not being released due to inaccurate belief that additional service cannot be provided

  • Inter-regional disparities in cost and delivery of service

  • Regional Program Managers choose to allocate funds to Regional Program or cheaper Direct Funding Option

  • Allowing third-party service providers to allocate government funding has tilted the playing field and prevents parents from accessing available services


Option one status quo

Option One: Status Quo

  • Potentially heavy back-end cost if government is legally “cornered”

  • Increasing attention to the issue will highlight slow pace of government action

  • Current program fails to help a large number of Ontario families—income too high to qualify for Assistance for Children with Severe Disabilities (ACSD), but too low to afford private therapy out-of-pocket


Option two faster roll out

Option Two: Faster Roll-out

  • Take allocation decision away from Regional Program Managers because they have a vested self-interest

  • Helps more autistic children

  • Money is already committed

  • Allows the government to show commitment

  • Respects parents’ right to choose

  • Highlights partnership with private sector service providers

  • Avoids fallout from Human Rights appeals and the Ombudsman

  • Huge savings in the long run


Let funding find the capacity

Let funding find the capacity

  • Private IBI providers must comply with MCSS guidelines and are reviewed every 90 days

  • Adequate funding will “weed out” unqualified providers by forcing guideline compliance, which is not required in the therapy “black market”

  • Government should cover same services in DFO as in Regional Program— provide fairness and parental choice (see Behaviour Institute letter)

  • Fear of over-committing funds is unjustified

  • Addressing the issue provides a good news announcement in every riding in Ontario

  • Incidentally, it will also give Cliff a chance


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