Samuel Johnson (1709---1784). ★ Life experiences. Family --- His father was a book seller, but bankrupt and suffered poverty. Study --- stopped the study at Oxford. Work --- as a school usher. Marriage --- married a widow 20 years older. Writing career --- in 1737. ★ Literary works.
★ Life experiences
Family --- His father was a book seller, but bankrupt and suffered poverty
Study --- stopped the study at Oxford
Work --- as a school usher
Marriage --- married a widow 20 years older
Writing career --- in 1737
Essayist: publish periodical
The Rambler The Adventurer The Idler
Moralist: conservative and against reform and innovation
Critic: the preface to edition of Shakespeare
Dictionary composer: A Dictionary of the English Language
Letter writer: his letter to Lord Chesterfield
the greatest English man of letter
a great composer of dictionary
Henry Fielding (1707 --- 1754)
founder of the English Realistic school
● Life experiences
Family --- in a upper class family, mother died, father
remarried, seperated with each other
Study --- at Eton college ancient Greek and Roman literature
in Netherlands classical literature
Career ---as a wrier in London
his satirizing plays
give up legal career
powerful political satire
The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
The whole picture of social life in the18th century in England.
all kinds of people
all the areas
Thomas Gray (1716 --- 1771)
He was a British writer and was a forerunner of the Romantic Professor of History at Cambridge.
Family --- Born in London
Career --- as a scholar in Cambridge
Achievement --- in 1767 the post of Poet Laureate
Elegy Written in a Country Church-yard 1751
a lasting contribution to English heritage
Most quoted poems in English language
modes of expression
Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751 --- 1816)
●Born in Bublin on 30th October 1751
● educated at Harrow School in 1762
● his father: an elocution teacher, actor, and theatre manager
● his mother: a writer
The School for Scandal
It is considered as the greatest drama after Shakespeare.
Sir Peter Teazle
In 1776 , Sheridan decided to abandon his writing to a political career.
In 1780, he became MP for Stafford.
A frequent speaker in the House of Commons
Obtain a reputation as one of the best orator in Britain.
In 1782, Sheridan was appointed as under secretary for Foreign Affairs.
He opposed the Act of Union and lost his office.
He had serious financial problems, in 1813.
He was arrested for debt, and released at last.
Robert Burns (1759 --- 1796) Foreign Affairs.
Born ----- in Scotland in a poor peasant family
Education ----- little education and educated himself
Work ----- on the farm , and as the chief laborer
in the family
Writing career Foreign Affairs.
In 1786, he published his first collection of poems.
In order to buy a ship ticket to Jamaica.
After the first collection of poems, he won great fame.
He gave up to Jamaica, and went to Edinburgh.
In Edinburgh, he published his second collection of poems.
William Blake (1757 ----- 1827) Foreign Affairs.
Born ----- in a hosier’s family in London.
Family ----- his father: a successful London hosier
Education ----- first, educated at home
then, sent to drawing school
Marriage ----- his wife didn’t know a word before marriage.
He was a poet as well as an engraver.
Engravings: Foreign Affairs.
To illustrate his works and the works of others
To enlarge the meaning of his poetry
His works Foreign Affairs.
Songs of Innocence1789
Songs of Experiences1794
Themes are all about children.
Writing features: long, flowing lines, violent energy
combined with aphoristic clarity and moments of lyric tenderness.