Specialisation and division of labour
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Specialisation and division of labour. By Mrs Hilton. Learning Objectives. Candidates should understand how specialisation and division of labour can impact on efficiency. Video on production efficiency. Recap - Flow production. Large amounts can be made

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Specialisation and division of labour

Specialisation and division of labour

By Mrs Hilton


Learning objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Candidates should understand how specialisation and division of labour can impact on efficiency.


Video on production efficiency

Video on production efficiency


Recap flow production

Recap - Flow production

  • Large amounts can be made

  • Costs of production are low as large scale economies of scale

  • Machinery used helps to keep costs low

  • Computer controlled machines can easily make a variety of designs

  • ONLY useful for large scale production


Activity

Activity

  • You have a sheet cut out all the sentences

  • Stick them in the correct box advantage or disadvantage


Flow production answers

Flow production - answers

Advantages

Disadvantages

Work can become repetitive and boring

Big set up costs – may need to invest in machinery

Heavy fixed costs of running this type of production

  • You can use a low skilled workforce – save on wages

  • Low skill means training needs are less

  • More efficient method of production than job / batch

  • Cost per item lower than job / batch


Specialisation

Specialisation

  • Flow production means that many processes that require labour (people to do it) can be broken down into smaller repetitive tasks.

  • Quick to train workers

  • Workers become very efficient at their job

  • Watch the video – what two specialised jobs can you see?


Downside of specialisation

Downside of specialisation?

  • Boring work

  • Demotivating

  • Repetitive


Specialisation and division of labour

  • What do you see in the images?


Specialisation1

Specialisation

  • What impact does specialisation have on efficiency (Part of Learning objective met if you can answer this)?

  • Allows staff to become highly skilled

  • Reduced training times means more efficient production


Division of labour

Division of labour

  • Key term alert!

  • This is the organisation of labour into a number of specialised simple processes

  • Repetition of the task means practice makes perfect

  • Worker repeats the same job every day

  • Work becomes dull and monotonous

  • Worker loses interest

  • Decline in productivity


Past paper question

Past paper question

In the exam its 60

Marks in 60 mins

So you have 6 mins to complete

This question

Timer http://www.online-stopwatch.com/bomb-countdown/full-screen/


How to get 6 6

How to get 6 /6


Flow production cut out these sentences and stick them on the advantages and disadvantages sheet

Flow production – cut out these sentences and stick them on the advantages and disadvantages sheet

  • Owners can employ a low skilled workforce – save on wages

  • Work can become repetitive and boring for the workers

  • Low skill jobs means training needs are less, meaning a cost saving

  • Big set up costs – may need to invest in machinery

  • More efficient method of production than job / batch

  • Heavy fixed costs of running this type of production

  • Cost per item lower than job / batch


Flow production

Flow production

Advantages

Disadvantages


Learning objectives1

Learning Objectives

  • Candidates should understand how specialisation and division of labour can impact on efficiency.

  • Success criteria

  • If you answered the question and completed the activity then you have met the learning objectives


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