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Specialisation and division of labour. By Mrs Hilton. Learning Objectives. Candidates should understand how specialisation and division of labour can impact on efficiency. Video on production efficiency. Recap - Flow production. Large amounts can be made

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Presentation Transcript
learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • Candidates should understand how specialisation and division of labour can impact on efficiency.
recap flow production
Recap - Flow production
  • Large amounts can be made
  • Costs of production are low as large scale economies of scale
  • Machinery used helps to keep costs low
  • Computer controlled machines can easily make a variety of designs
  • ONLY useful for large scale production
activity
Activity
  • You have a sheet cut out all the sentences
  • Stick them in the correct box advantage or disadvantage
flow production answers
Flow production - answers

Advantages

Disadvantages

Work can become repetitive and boring

Big set up costs – may need to invest in machinery

Heavy fixed costs of running this type of production

  • You can use a low skilled workforce – save on wages
  • Low skill means training needs are less
  • More efficient method of production than job / batch
  • Cost per item lower than job / batch
specialisation
Specialisation
  • Flow production means that many processes that require labour (people to do it) can be broken down into smaller repetitive tasks.
  • Quick to train workers
  • Workers become very efficient at their job
  • Watch the video – what two specialised jobs can you see?
downside of specialisation
Downside of specialisation?
  • Boring work
  • Demotivating
  • Repetitive
specialisation1
Specialisation
  • What impact does specialisation have on efficiency (Part of Learning objective met if you can answer this)?
  • Allows staff to become highly skilled
  • Reduced training times means more efficient production
division of labour
Division of labour
  • Key term alert!
  • This is the organisation of labour into a number of specialised simple processes
  • Repetition of the task means practice makes perfect
  • Worker repeats the same job every day
  • Work becomes dull and monotonous
  • Worker loses interest
  • Decline in productivity
past paper question
Past paper question

In the exam its 60

Marks in 60 mins

So you have 6 mins to complete

This question

Timer http://www.online-stopwatch.com/bomb-countdown/full-screen/

flow production cut out these sentences and stick them on the advantages and disadvantages sheet
Flow production – cut out these sentences and stick them on the advantages and disadvantages sheet
  • Owners can employ a low skilled workforce – save on wages
  • Work can become repetitive and boring for the workers
  • Low skill jobs means training needs are less, meaning a cost saving
  • Big set up costs – may need to invest in machinery
  • More efficient method of production than job / batch
  • Heavy fixed costs of running this type of production
  • Cost per item lower than job / batch
flow production
Flow production

Advantages

Disadvantages

learning objectives1
Learning Objectives
  • Candidates should understand how specialisation and division of labour can impact on efficiency.
  • Success criteria
  • If you answered the question and completed the activity then you have met the learning objectives
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