Division of labour
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Division of labour. Simple division of labour Complex division of labour Regional division of labour. Simple division of labour. Workers specializing in producing a good or service Singers Cooks Sportsman Actress/movie director . Complex division of labour.

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Division of labour

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Division of labour

Division of labour

Simple division of labour

Complex division of labour

Regional division of labour


Simple division of labour

Simple division of labour

  • Workers specializing in producing a good or service

  • Singers

  • Cooks

  • Sportsman

  • Actress/movie director


Complex division of labour

Complex division of labour

  • Specializing in a sub-process in the production of a good

  • Hair Saloon

    • Hair washing

    • Hair cutting,

    • Hair dyeing


Complex division of labour1

Complex division of labour

  • In a McDonald restaurant

  • Manager: for planning & management

  • Cooks: producing hamburger, potato slices,

  • Receptionist: Welcome/assist customers

  • Salesperson : receiving orders from customers

  • Cleaners: cleaning


Regional division of labour

Regional division of labour

  • Different countries specialize in producing different products

  • Japan : car production

  • USA: airplane production

  • Saudi Arabia: oil production


Regional division of labour1

Regional division of labour

  • Different districts specialize in producing different products/services

  • US example

  • California (fruit growing)

  • Detroit (car manufacturing)

  • Silicon Valley (IT industries)


Division of labour raises labour productivity

Division of labour raises labour productivity

  • Choosing the most suitable person for the job

  • Practices makes perfect

  • Saves time in training labour

  • Saves time in changing to other stages of production

  • Stimulate use of machines (mechanization)


Advantages of division of labour

Advantages of division of labour

  • Raising labour productivity

  • Economy of capital (make full use of machines and saves resources from producing capital goods)

  • Raising living standard

    • more leisure

    • greater world output


Disadvantages of division of labour

Disadvantages of division of labour

  • Work becomes dull and monotonous

  • Over interdependence among stages of production causes disruption

  • Decline /Loss of craftsmanship

  • Greater risk of unemployment

  • Highly standardized products (limited varieties and choice for consumers)


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