Taking on Segregation. Chapter 21, Section 1 Notes. Objectives. Explain how legalized segregation deprived African Americans of their rights as citizens Summarize civil rights legal activity and the response to the Plessy and Brown cases
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Chapter 21, Section 1 Notes
Activism and a series of Supreme Court decisions advanced equal rights for African Americans in the 1950s and 1960s
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Sit-inMain Idea and Terms/Names
give up her seat and was arrested
Civil Rights activists broke through racial barriers. Their activism prompted landmark legislation.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Fannie Lou Hamer
Voting Rights Act of 1965Main Idea and Terms/Names
won a federal court case that allowed him to enroll in the all-white University of Mississippi (Ole Miss)
Malcolm X assassinated February 1965 in Harlem
MLK assassinated April 1968 in Memphis
About Malcolm X activism prompted landmark legislation."…I always had a deep affection for Malcolm and felt that he had a great ability to put his finger on the existence and the root of the problem. He was an eloquent spokesman for his point of view and no one can honestly doubt that Malcolm had a great concern for the problems we face as a race." -- Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in a telegram to Betty Shabazz after the murder of Malcolm X.