Dakotas wind transmission study
Download
1 / 31

Dakotas Wind Transmission Study - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 260 Views
  • Uploaded on

Dakotas Wind Transmission Study. South Dakota Legislative Briefing Pierre, South Dakota January 18, 2006. Edward P. Weber Transmission System Planning Manager Upper Great Plains Region. Overview. Study Background Study Parameters Study Results Future Work. Study Background.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Dakotas Wind Transmission Study' - Thomas


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Dakotas wind transmission study l.jpg

Dakotas Wind Transmission Study

South Dakota Legislative Briefing

Pierre, South Dakota

January 18, 2006

Edward P. Weber

Transmission System Planning Manager

Upper Great Plains Region


Overview l.jpg
Overview

  • Study Background

  • Study Parameters

  • Study Results

  • Future Work


Study background l.jpg
Study Background

  • Congress provided funding for Western to perform a “transmission study on the placement of 500 MW of wind energy in North Dakota and South Dakota”

  • The Dakotas lead the nation in potential wind resources

  • Already an exporting region; transmission is limited by both stability and thermal loading


Dakotas wind transmission study objectives l.jpg
Dakotas Wind Transmission Study Objectives

  • Perform transmission studies on placing 500 MW of wind power in North and South Dakota

  • Recognize and build upon prior related technical work, coordinate with current work

  • Solicit and incorporate public comments

  • Produce meaningful, broadly supported results through a technically rigorous, inclusive study process


Study parameters four primary tasks l.jpg
Study Parameters – Four Primary Tasks

  • Analyze non-firm transmission potential relative to new wind generation

  • Assess potential of transmission technologies relative to new wind generation

  • Study interconnection of new wind generation

  • Study the delivery to market of new wind generation


Task 1 analyze non firm transmission potential l.jpg
Task 1: Analyze Non-FirmTransmission Potential

  • Existing total transfer capability across the major paths in the Dakotas is already reserved under long-term contracts

  • Scheduled amount of capacity is often less than the total amount, leaving unused capacity in many hours of the year

    ⇨Study the possibility of delivering wind energy through long-term, non-firm access, with curtailment during critical periods


Task 1 cont d analyze non firm transmission potential l.jpg
Task 1 Cont’d: Analyze Non-Firm Transmission Potential

  • Three key corridors studied:

    • North Dakota Export Boundary – 17 lines (115, 230, 345 kV)

    • Watertown-to-Granite Falls 230 kV

    • Group of 8 lines between Ft. Thompson & Ft Randall

  • Evaluate and compare committed vs actual usage across each corridor using historical data & modeled projected data

  • Evaluate & develop wind power production profiles for the Dakotas

  • Evaluate & compare transmission usage and wind generation profiles using historical data

  • Develop annual flow duration curves, assess the opportunity to deliver non-firm wind energy

  • Run sensitivity cases


Task 2 analyze potential of transmission technologies l.jpg
Task 2: Analyze Potential of Transmission Technologies

  • Study technology-based solutions that can increase the use of existing transmission lines

  • Technologies studied include:

    • Static var compensation

    • Series compensation

    • Phase-shifting

    • Dynamic line ratings

    • Reconductoring with new conductor


Task 3 study interconnection of new wind generation l.jpg
Task 3: Study Interconnection of New Wind Generation

  • Evaluate seven wind generation zones for interconnection

    • Developed from public comments, wind resource maps, the Western interconnection queue, tribal projects and developer projects

  • Determine the local impacts of new wind generation for each site at four wind generation levels of 50, 150, 250, and 500 megawatts

  • Study impacts including steady state power flow analysis, constrained interface analysis, short circuit analysis and dynamic stability analysis


Task 4 study the delivery to market of new wind generation l.jpg
Task 4: Study the Delivery to Marketof New Wind Generation

  • Perform aggregate delivery studies on the four most favorable interconnection zones in Task 3

  • Develop several delivery scenarios for the new wind power based upon markets both inside and outside of the Dakotas

  • Identify the incremental transmission delivery capability of each zone along with the necessary transmission improvements for each level of generation;

  • Complete both steady state and stability analysis


Study results task 1 l.jpg
Study Results: Task 1

  • Transmission constraint evaluation

    • Monitored NDEX limit

    • Monitored limit on each line in each interface

      • NDEX

      • Ft Thompson

      • Watertown





Slide17 l.jpg

Results from Gridview Analysis for 2003 (Low Hydro)

  • For Low Hydro, NDEX was limiting for:

    • 14 hours for Garrison site

    • 3 hours for Ellendale site

    • 9 hours for Pickert site

  • Ft Thompson Interface not limiting

  • Watertown Interface not limiting

  • For High Hydro, NDEX was limiting for:

    • 32 hours for Garrison site

    • 2 hours for Ellendale site

  • Ft Thompson Interface not limiting

  • Watertown Interface not limiting


Study results task 2 l.jpg
Study Results: Task 2

Transmission Enhancements For Steady-State Improvements

  • Add conventional series capacitors

  • Add phase-shifting transformers

  • Re-conductor transmission lines

  • Dynamic transmission line ratings


Study results task 219 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 2

Transmission Enhancements For Steady-State Improvements

Re-conductor Transmission Lines

Several newer conductors:

  • Aluminum Conductor Steel supported (ACSS)

  • Aluminum Conductor Steel Supported / Trapezoidal Wire (ACSS/TW)

  • Aluminum Conductor Composite Reinforced ACCR)

  • All Aluminum Alloy Conductors (AAAC)


Study results task 220 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 2

Transmission Enhancements For Steady- State

Re-conductor Transmission Lines


Study results task 221 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 2

Transmission Enhancements Cont’d

Dynamic Transmission Line Ratings

Wind generation starts at about 3.5 m/s

  • Max wind generation from 12 m/s to 25 m/s

  • With max generation at 12 m/s, assume nearby lines have 33% or 4 m/s wind

  • Wind angle to line is 15 degrees then wind correction factor is 0.53

  • 4 m/s x 0.53 = 2.12 m/s

  • Convection cooling increases 187% over 0.61 m/s in conductor tables

  • Convection cooling is > 85% of total cooling so conductor dynamic rating will increase upto 170%


Study results task 3 4 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 3-4

  • Task 3

    • Interconnection studies for each of the seven sites

    • Determined local system requirements

  • Task 4

    • Analyzed transfer capability

    • Analyzed regional stabilityperformance


Study results task 3 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 3

System interconnections for each 500 MW scenario

Scenario 1: Garrison 230-kV bus

  • Scenario 2: New substation on the Leland Olds-Groton 345-kV line near Ellendale

  • Scenario 3: Pickert 230-kV bus

  • Scenario 4: New Underwood 230-kV bus

  • Scenario 5: Mission 115-kV bus (Without extensive upgrades, this site will not accommodate 500 MW; lower MW may be used)

  • Scenario 6: Ft. Thompson 230-kV bus

  • Scenario 7: White 345-kV bus

  • Scenario 8: 50 MW at each of the 4 previous sites in scenarios 1 through 7 and 100 MW at 3 sites


Study results task 324 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 3

  • Site Impact Studies

    • Task 1 did not consider outages

    • Task 3 and 4 results needed for Task 2 evaluation

  • Started with 500 MW at each site

  • In Task 3 for extreme overload and voltage problems reduced power to:

    • 375 MW

    • 250 MW

    • 150 MW

    • 50 MW

  • Mission was only site limited―250 MW


Study results task 4 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 4

Local Stability Analysis

There were no stability problems for local faults at any of Sites 1-7


Study results task 426 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 4

Task 4 – Transfer Impact Summer Off-Peak

  • Single Contingency Cases

    • Additional overloads with high hydro―

    • Minnesota Valley-Granite Falls overloads to about 115% in all cases

    • Site 1: Garrison-Leland 230-kV overloads to 104% and Garrison-Bismarck to 102%

    • Site 3: Groton 345/230-kV transformer overloads to 107.5%

    • Site 4: Sidney transformer overloads to 110%

    • Site 5: Overloads on local 115-kV lines increased to 133%

    • Site 7: White Transformer overloads to 110% and Watertown transformer to 127%


Study results task 427 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 4

  • Overall Results with no System Enhancements

    Garrison 230 kV 250 MW

    Pickert 230 kV 500 MW

    Ellendale 345 kV 250 MW

    New Underwood 230 kV 50 MW Note 1 & 2

    Mission 115 kV 150 MW Note 1& 2

    Ft. Thompson 345 kV 50 MW Note 2

    White 345 kV 250 MW Note 1& 2

    Case 8 Failed

    Note 1 There were some dynamic voltage violations in the case.

     Note 2 When NDEX was reduced to 1450 MW for the Ft. Thompson site (similar to the adjustment for North Dakota sites), it was stable for 500 MW of wind generation without other system violations. This is also true for the White site. Reducing NDEX should also increase stability at New Underwood and Mission but they also have other limitations.


Study results task 428 l.jpg
Study Results – Task 4

Overall Results with System Enhancements

Garrison 230-kV 500 MW with 35% SC & SVCs

Ellendale 345-kV 500 MW with 35% SC & SVCs

New Underwood 230-kV 150 MW with 35% SC

Mission 115-kV 250 MW with 35% SC

Ft. Thompson 345-kV 250 MW with 50% SC

White 345-kV 500 MW with 50% SC

Case 8 500 MW with 35% SC


Summary l.jpg
Summary

  • Task 1 indicates non-firm transmission is available at most of the sites most of the time

  • Task 2 provides an overview of new technologies that can be used to solve some of the limitations

  • Tasks 3 and 4 show limits to the non-firm available capacity that must be solved with system additions such as series compensation

  • Series compensation has other side effects that were not considered in this study


Future work l.jpg
Future Work

Potential next steps:

  • additional analysis using GridView

  • specific projects such as Tribal wind development for additional study

  • Possible programmatic EIS for Interconnections to Western’s system


For additional information l.jpg
For Additional Information:

  • Sam Miller

    Dakotas Wind Study Project Manager

    Box 35800

    Billings, MT 59107-5800

    406-247-7466

  • Ed Weber

    Transmission System Planning Manager

    Box 35800

    Billings, MT 59107-5800

    406-247-7433

  • E-mail: [email protected]

  • Western Area Power Administration Website for the Dakotas Wind Transmission Study Project: http://www.wapa.gov/ugp/study/DakotasWind/


ad