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The Olympic Game The Olympic Games The Olympic Games : A History researched and compiled by Martin S. Fisher Edited by Sarah Cushion History of the Modern Olympics Part 7 The Olympic Winter Games 1924 to 1944 Jan Roscoe Publications INDEX Winter Sports 4

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The Olympic Game The Olympic Games

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The Olympic GameThe Olympic Games


The Olympic Games : A Historyresearched and compiled by Martin S. Fisher Edited by Sarah Cushion

History of the Modern OlympicsPart 7

The Olympic Winter Games

1924 to 1944

Jan Roscoe Publications


INDEX

Winter Sports4

The I Olympic Winter Games, Chamonix 1924 5

Chamonix 1924, Statistics 6

Chamonix 1924, Britain’s Successes 7

Chamonix 1924, Medal League Table 8

The II Olympic Winter Games, St Moritz 1928 & Other Bids 9

St Moritz 1928, Medal League Table 10

The III Olympic Winter Games, Lake Placid 1932 & Other Bids 11

Lake Placid 1932, Medal League Table 12

The IV Olympic Winter Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936 & Other bids 13

Garmisch 1936, British Medal Haul 14

Garmisch 1936, Medal League Table 15

The 1940 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled 16

The 1944 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled 17

Acknowledgements 18

Photo Credits 19


Winter Sports

Until 1920 some winter sports (Figure Skating, Ice Hockey) had been included in the main Olympic programme. Just after World War I the suggestion was made to separate them off into a specialised Winter Festival - the birth of the Olympic Winter Games.

PreviousNextIndex


The I Olympic Winter Games

The I Olympic Winter Games - Chamonix 1924

IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES

Baron Pierre de Coubertin

FRA

  • These Games were held in CHAMONIXFRA.

  • The Games were opened by Gaston Vidal, French Under-Secretary of Sport.


The I Olympic Winter Games

Chamonix 1924 - Statistics

  • Called International Winter Sports Week.

  • Later accepted as first Winter Olympics.

  • 16 countries represented.

  • 16 events inc. Nordic Skiing, Bobsleigh, Speed Skating, Ski Jumping.

  • 5 sports.


The I Olympic Winter Games

Chamonix 1924 - Britain’s Successes

  • Britain won Gold in Men’s Curling – although not accepted as official event until many years later.

  • Britain won silver in 4-man Bob and bronzes in Ice Hockey and Ladies Figure Skating.

  • This is Britain’s best performance at Winter Games.


The I Olympic Winter Games

Chamonix 1924- Medal League Table

  • First Winter Games medal for Belgium, France.

    - 1Norway476

    - 2Finland443

    - 3Austria210

    - 6Great Britain112

  • First Winter Games Golds for Austria, Finland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and USA.


The II Olympic Winter Games

The II Olympic Winter Games - St Moritz 1928 & Other Bids

IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES

Henri de Baillet-Latour

BEL

  • These Games were awarded to ST MORITZSUI.

  • There were other bids from DavosSUI EngelbergSUI.

  • The Games were opened by Edmund Schulthess, President of the Helvetic Confederation of Switzerland.


The II Olympic Winter Games

St Moritz 1928- Medal League Table

  • Record 25 countries represented, 14 events / 4 sports.

  • Earl of Northesk (GBR) won bronze in Skeleton Bob (GBR’s 5th winter medal).

  • First Winter Games Golds for Canada and France.

  • First Winter Games medals for Czechoslovakia, and Germany.

    - 1Norway645

    - 2U.S.A.222

    - 3Sweden221

    - 9Great Britain001


The III Olympic Winter Games

The III Olympic Winter Games - Lake Placid 1932& Other Bids

IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES

Henri de Baillet-Latour

BEL

  • These Games were awarded to LAKE PLACIDUSA.

  • There were other bids from Bear MountainUSA DenverUSA DuluthUSA Lake TahoeUSA MinneapolisUSA MontrealCAN Yosemite ValleyUSA.

  • The Games were opened by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Governor of New York.


The III Olympic Winter Games

Lake Placid 1932- Medal League Table

- 1 U.S.A.642

- 2 Norway343

- 3 Sweden120

- 11 Great Britain000

  • 17 countries represented - lower number because of transatlantic travel.

  • 14 events / 4 sports.

  • Sonja Henie (NOR) won Figure Skating for second time.


The IV Olympic Winter Games

The IV Olympic Winter Games - Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936

IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES

Henri de Baillet-Latour

BEL

  • These Games were awarded to GARMISCH - PARTENKIRCHENGER.

  • There was another bid from St MoritzSUI.

  • The Games were opened by Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of the German Reich and the games were dominated by the Nazi regime.

  • 28 countries represented - record.


The IV Olympic Winter Games

Garmisch 1936 - British Medal Haul

  • Garmisch-Partenkirchen (GER) 1936.

  • Record 17 events / 4 sports.

  • Britain won Ice Hockey - its second Winter Gold medal.

  • Cecilia Colledge won silver in Ladies Figure Skating.

  • GBR won bronze in 4 - man Bobsleigh.

  • This was Britain’s second best Winter Games.


The IV Olympic Winter Games

Garmisch 1936- Medal League Table

  • First Women’s Nordic Skiing.

  • First Winter Games Golds for Germany.

  • Sonja Henie (NOR) won Ladies Figure Skating for third time - later Hollywood filmstar.

- 1Norway753

- 2Germany330

- 3Sweden223

- 7Great Britain111


The 1940 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled

  • Games initially awarded to Sapporo (JPN).

  • Games eventually cancelled because of World War II.

  • Later transferred to St Moritz (SUI) because of Sino-Japanese War.

  • Later transferred to Garmisch-Partenkirchen (GER).


The 1944 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled

Games initially awarded to Cortina d’Ampezzo (ITA).

Games eventually cancelled because of World War II.


My grateful thanks to the international Olympic committee for permission to use the Olympic logo, and to other original research by Erich Kamper, Volker Kluge, Wolf Lyberg, Bill Mallon, Ian Buchanan and the International Society of Olympic Historians.


Photos and Images Courtesy of:

  • www.google.co.ukfor all images/photos not specified below and

    • for leading me to all the following

  • www.olympic.orgphoto of Pierre de Coubertinthroughout

  • www.olympic.orgimages of Olympic medalsthroughout

  • www.olympic.orgphoto of de Baillet-Latourthroughout

  • www.usfsa.orgphoto of Sonja Henieslides 12, 15


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