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The Olympic Games Ancient Games and the Modern Games The Ancient Olympics Began in 776 BC at Olympia, Greece Originally a religious ceremony in honor of the Greek gods. 100 oxen were sacrificed at the beginning of the Games

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The olympic games l.jpg

The Olympic Games

Ancient Games and the

Modern Games


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The Ancient Olympics

  • Began in 776 BC at Olympia, Greece

  • Originally a religious ceremony in honor of the Greek gods.

    • 100 oxen were sacrificed at the beginning of the Games

    • “Olympic Truce:” All wars and battles were halted so that everyone could come and watch the Games.

    • Based on 4-year periods called Olympiads


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Original Running Track:Olympia, Greece


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Men only allowed to play

Men had to play in the nude or with very little clothing (“gymnos”)

Running was the only event at the first Games

The Olympic Athlete


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In wrestling…

No biting,

No eye gouging,

Breaking opponent’s limbs was legal,

In boxing…

Both men played until one gave up or died

In Greece, there was no Second Place

Only winners were honored, the losers were ignored

Winners were given a laurel wreath for their head

Rules


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The end of the Ancient Games

  • Ended in 394 AD by the Roman Emperor Theodosius, who was a Christian

  • Considered them “pagan” games


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The Modern Games

  • Revived in 1896 and first hosted in Athens, Greece

  • No women allowed to take part

  • Medals replaced the laurel wreaths


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Berlin, 1936

  • Hosted by the Nazis

  • Germans believe they were the best athletes in the world

  • Jessie Owens, a Black American runner, won four medals and shattered that myth


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Munich, 1972

  • Terrorists took several Israeli athletes hostage

  • They were killed as they were being rescued


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Atlanta, 1996

  • Centennial of the Games

  • Many thought it would go to Athens, Greece

  • 10,000+ athletes took part

  • Bomb exploded in Centennial Park


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The Olympics Come HomeAthens 2004

  • Over 10,000 athletes to take part

  • Pumped over $1billion into the Greek economy



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Future Olympic Cities

  • February 10, 2006- Turin, Italy (Winter)

  • Summer 2008- Beijing China

  • Winter 2010- Vancouver, Canada

  • Summer 2012- London, England, UK


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