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Using Digital Games to Enhance Learning in Your Online Course. Bonita Bray e-Learning Support Specialist E-Learning Group, CNS. Today’s “Play Time”. Point to a few reasons why games can enhance learning Explore three types of games Create three games: Crossword

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using digital games to enhance learning in your online course

Using Digital Games to Enhance Learning in Your Online Course

Bonita Bray e-Learning Support Specialist

E-Learning Group, CNS

today s play time
Today’s “Play Time”
  • Point to a few reasons why games can enhance learning
  • Explore three types of games
  • Create three games:
    • Crossword
    • Millionaire® - style board game
    • Hangman game
background
Background
  • Began using games almost 5 years
  • Taught games course for Faculty of Extension, CACE program and for now teaching for University of Calgary CAL program
  • Ongoing excellent feedback
  • Enhanced and increased learning
why use games5
Why Use Games?
  • Games are engaging
  • Games encourage active learning

I hear and I forget.

I see and I remember.

I do and I understand.

more reasons to use games
More Reasons to Use Games?
  • Games provide a more comfortable and enjoyable environment to
    • Learn and apply course materials
    • To “fail” if necessary
  • Games increase the fun quotient
real world reasons
Real-World Reasons

Allows instructors to:

  • Use variety of presentation/drill methods
  • Allow for individualized pace
  • Address different types of learners
  • Incorporate easily-recognizable milestones
now is the time
Now is the Time
  • New generation of learners
  • Games Generation/Digital Natives
  • Traditional lectures/assessments may seem boring.
  • Games are one solution to this new reality
literature supports playing
Literature Supports Playing
  • “A brain enjoying itself is functioning more efficiently". (Rose and Nicholl, 1998) .
  • Games increase motivation (Spectre and Prensky, 2003)
  • Games provide "active learning" and the "rich rapid feedback" that are essential elements to learning (Chickering and Gamson 1987).
student feedback positive
Student Feedback Positive
  • Lots of enthusiasm and excitement during sessions
  • Evaluation comments of “awesome” to “kick-ass fun”
  • Learning enhanced – repetition fun
  • Active learning supported.
what is a game
What is a Game

Definition:

A game is a recreational activity involving

  • a goal that the players try to reach,
  • some set of rules that determines what the players can do.

Games involve one or more players and are played primarily for enjoyment, but may also serve an educational or simulational role.

elements of games
Elements of Games

According to Mark Prensky, the essential elements of games are:

  • Goals and Objectives
  • Outcomes and Feedback
  • Competition/Challenge/Opposition
  • Interaction
  • Representation or Story
  • Rules
lets compare
LEARNING

Goals and Objectives

Outcomes and Feedback

Challenge

Interaction

Information

Policies

GAMES

Goals and Objectives

Outcomes and Feedback

Competition/Challenge/Opposition

Interaction

Representation or Story

Rules

Lets Compare…
individual games and puzzles
Email games

Card games

Tic-Tac-Toe

Hangman

Jigsaw puzzles

Individual games and puzzles
individual games and puzzles15
Crossword puzzles

Scavenger hunts (web quests)

TV quiz games

Concentration matching games

Millionaire™

Jeopardy™

Individual games and puzzles
let s go see
Let’s Go See
  • Super Tic Tac Toe
  • Jig Saw
  • Crosswords
  • Millionaire

How can we use these to enhance learning?

let s go play
Let’s Go Play
  • Snakes ‘n’ Ladders”
    • Board Game
    • Multiple-Choice Questions
    • Single/Multiple Players
  • Challenge
    • ‘Jeopardy’-type
    • Multiple-choice Questions
    • Single/Multiple Players
focused individual games
Focused individual games
  • Review and reinforce basic information
  • Lower levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy
    • Knowledge
    • Comprehension
  • Played repeatedly until “win”
  • Awards for completion and score
want to try using e learning games
Want to Try Using E-Learning Games?

Find ready-made games

  • Generic
  • Not relevant

Create your own games

  • Lots of $$
  • Lots of time
  • Steep learning curve
develop yourself games
Develop-Yourself Games

You may find yourself feeling like this.

a productive approach
A Productive Approach

Build on experience of others: experience:

  • Use games generators
    • Online programmes
    • Standalone programmes
  • Links available from http://www.ualberta.ca/webct/games/index.
our criteria for game generators
Our Criteria for Game Generators
  • Free or very inexpensive
  • Easily incorporate customized questions or information
  • Run within WebCT
  • Works with the material and learning objectives
  • Appropriate for audience
advance to go and collect 200
“Advance to “GO” and Collect $200!”
  • UTS hands-on workshop
  • May 4, 2:30 – 4:30
  • Hope to see you there
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Games have potential to introduce active learning
    • for learners of all ages and learning styles
    • in almost all teaching environments.
  • We hope you’ll try it
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