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Climate Variability and Change Workshops in the US Pacific Islands. Dr. Cheryl L. Anderson Director, Hazards, Climate & Environment Program University of Hawaii Social Science Research Institute. Workshop Schedule. Tutuila, American Samoa – September 6-8, 2005 Majuro, RMI – April 12-13, 2006

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climate variability and change workshops in the us pacific islands

Climate Variability and Change Workshopsin the US Pacific Islands

Dr. Cheryl L. Anderson

Director, Hazards, Climate & Environment Program

University of Hawaii Social Science Research Institute

workshop schedule
Workshop Schedule
  • Tutuila, American Samoa – September 6-8, 2005
  • Majuro, RMI – April 12-13, 2006
  • Pohnpei, FSM – April 18-19, 2006
  • Guam – April 24-25, 2006
  • Saipan, CNMI – April 27-28, 2006
  • Koror, Palau – May 1-2, 2006
builds on pacific initiatives on climate variability change
Builds on Pacific Initiativeson Climate Variability & Change
  • Pacific ENSO Applications Center
  • Consequences of Climate Variability & Change Workshops
  • Regional & National Workshops on the Impacts of ENSO
  • PEAC 10-year Review
  • Climate and Health in the Pacific
  • Regional Integrated Science and Assessment Project for the Pacific
objectives of the workshops
Objectives of the Workshops
  • Explore nature and impacts of climate variability and change
  • Understand vulnerability in key sectors
  • Explore opportunities to enhance resilience
  • Identify critical information needs and priorities
workshop overview
Workshop Overview
  • Overview of present climate
    • Group discussion of impacts and concerns
  • Changing Climate: Why Does it Matter? (Discussion)
  • Consequences of climate variability and change for Pacific Islands
  • Anticipating El Niño: Pacific ENSO Applications Center (PEAC) Experience
  • Table-Top Exercise: Using El Niño forecasts
  • Climate Adaptation & Mainstreaming
  • Role of Marine Protected Areas and Coastal Resource Management
  • Keeping an Eye on the Climate System
    • GEOSS, PI-GCOS, PI-GOOS, PacIOOS
  • Brainstorming on PacIOOS Information Needs
    • Climate vulnerability & adaptation
    • Natural hazards risk management
    • Marine and coastal ecosystems & resources
general findings
General Findings
  • Memory of 1997-98 ENSO Drought – depended on the strength of the event, how much of society the event affected, severity of hardship
  • Drought not discussed w/Flood – even as part of mitigation efforts (FEMA required plans) or need to provide groundwater recharge for water systems
  • Climate Variability & Climate Change – connections not well understood, separate agencies/communities dealing w/these issues
  • Interdisciplinary Interaction – partnerships are necessary
  • Funding Sources needed for projects
american samoa
American Samoa
  • Need to think about actions from government and community perspective---be aware of different needs
  • Use an integrated approach
  • Developed an interagency climate change task force
marshall islands
Marshall Islands
  • Water storage concerns
  • Forecast information very useful for timing in sectors: increased port use, increased risk of diseases, migration & avian flu
  • Disaster Plans consider extreme climate events (drought), but can improve for adaptation
  • Erosion challenges – monitoring dredging and changes in shoreline, wave action
  • Need to ensure good information in communities
federated states of micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
  • Activities must be undertaken in partnership with community
  • Wave and Water Level information important
  • Communication challenges – technology limitations, agency interaction, distance
  • Fisheries highly correlated w/SST, and ENSO events
  • Adaptation measures need to be both country and community driven from both levels
slide10
Guam
  • Immigration issues from environmental changes and increased population pressure important to consider
  • Fisheries plans (5-10 year strategies) could benefit from climate information
  • Reef pressures could become greater; needs to be considered in protection plans
northern mariana islands
Northern Mariana Islands
  • Climate information needs to be built into the Hazard Mitigation Plan and in local groups already addressing issues, i.e. Watershed Group
  • In addition to agencies, need hotel association involvement
  • Need updated drainage studies and flood mitigation plans
  • Need to make better sense of legal issues for preservation of resources that addresses local needs
palau
Palau
  • Unique climate-dependent environment is primary resource
  • Water storage is critical
  • Need updated Hazard Mitigation Plan to include climate information
  • Approaches must involve community
  • Invasive species – growing concern for damage to ecosystems
  • Coral Reefs need protection – important to livelihood & economy
common opportunities
Common Opportunities
  • Education, Public Awareness and Outreach
  • Upreach to Legislators/Leaders/Decision Makers
  • Improving Communication w/in WSO and among network
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