Dry dairying practice with 146 cow Full utilization of cow dung and urine. ... Cow dug, cow urine, Ghee & Butter milk for quick manure production ...
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1. WELCOME ''Madhya Pradesh on the path of Organic Farming" by Dr. G.S. Kaushal Director Agriculture Govt. of Madhya Pradesh BHOPAL
2. Macro Management Scheme Agriculture
Integrated Cereal Development Programme (Rice) Integrated Cereal Development Programme (CC) Sustainable Development of Sugarcane Balanced & Integrated Use of Fertilizers Integrated Pest Management (IPM) NWDPRA RVP & FPR Promotion of Farm Machnization Promotion of High Yielding & Quality Seeds Development of Organic & Sustainable Agriculture Agri. Ext. Training & Communication Support Development of Information Technology Augmentation of Ground Water Newly Incorporated ? Already existing ?
3. Components included in "Development of organic farming and sustainable Agriculture"
Setting of BGA units, production of mother culture & distribution of BGA. Production & distribution Green manuring seeds. Training of farmers, workshop & seminar. Nadep phospho compost, vermi composting unit. Publicity.
4. Reduces degradation of soil. Checks environmental pollution. Ensures sustainability of agricultural production. Reduces cost of agriculture production. Easy to prepare and use.
WHY ORGANIC FARMING ?
5. Present scenario of the state
Availability of biodegradable materials in large quantity. Depletion of ground water level, beneficial micro-flora, humus content and natural enemies. Low consumption of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, large number of farmers have not used fertilizer & pesticides. Vast variation in biodiversity.
6. Organic Farming drives in M.P.
ORGANIC FARMING In 1969 at KASTURBA GRAM, Indore covering entire 200 Ha. farm under organic farming. Focused Workshops, Seminars, Farmers fare, Camps etc. during late seventies for awareness. Extensively adopted organic farming in the State during mid nineties through several special programmes. Since 98-99 fifty per cent area in Govt. farm put under organic farming.
7. Based on result of trials, applied the inorganic technologies in important crops like pulse, Soybean, oilseed etc. Launched "Bio - Village'' concept for extension initially in 313 villages during 2001-2002. Later increased to 3130 bio-villages (5 Agri.+5 Hort. villages in each block) during 2002-2003. A National Seminar on Organic Farming held under the chairmanship of Central Agriculture Minister at Bhopal in May 2002 for sharing of experiences of Farmers, scientists and Extension Officers.
8. Khandwa, Katni, Chhindwara and Harda got appreciation for the best performance. Popularised organic manure production techniques in Bio-villages by introducing Vermi-compost, NADEP Compost, Phospho Compost, Bio-gas slurry, Green manure, Blue green algae etc.
9. Organization of JAIVIK HAT in Bhopal on 30th, 31st May and June 1, 2003 where over 100 stalls with various organic products displayed and techniques demonstrated. Participated more than 15,000 farmers & their farm women folk. Important organic products like Rice, Wheat, Gram, Moong, Soybean, Urad, Arhar, Gur, fruits & Vegetables display highly appreciated. Bio-pesticides & Bio-fertilizers where in great demand.
10. BI O-VILLAGE ?
Salient features - Locally available material, natural resources and use of alternative methods of chemicals against pest management. Preservation of natural enemies/ environment and micro-flora. Maximum use of cow-dung, urine etc. Production of Organic manure through waste organic matter. Farming without use of agro-chemicals.
11. BIO - CENTRE (PHANDA, BHOPAL)
Dry dairying practice with 146 cow – Full utilization of cow dung and urine. Seventeen ''Nadep'' organic structure.. Fourteen units of ''Vermi Compost''. Two Biogas plants (35 cubic meter + 3 cubic meter). Use of Vermi wash as growth hormone for crop plants. Farmers training every Wednesday exclusively on organic farmingGosadan & stall feeding movement. Bio-gas slurry (35 Cub. m.)
14. Agri-Biotechnology Demonstration & Training Centre, Phanda Farm, Bhopal
Conversion of offered flowers from places of worship into organic manure. Parthenium grass, Banana leaves, Water hyacinth etc. for fast conversion into organic manure. Farming system approach followed : Bee keeping, Aquaculture etc. Large scale plantation of fuel, fodder, medicinal, aromatic plants.
15. Experimental findings of rearing Gosadan's Cows at Government Agriculture Farm, Phanda, Bhopal Year 2001-2002
16. Products from Cattle yearly
Dung - 20,160.00 Kg. Urine - 900.00 litre Milk - 257.00 litre Ghee - 3.75 Kg. Butter Milk - 325.00 Litre
17. Utilization of Cattle products
Cow dug, cow urine, Ghee & Butter milk for quick manure production and crop protection in 32.7 ha. NADEP manure - 93 Tons Biogas slurry - 10 Tons Utilization of biogas (Farm) - One lamp Cost of 103 tonnes manure - Rs. 1,03,000/-
18. An observation on the basis Phanda Farm experiment - Model Gosadan Cow dung
19. An observation at Phanda Farm Cow urine
20. Organic manure analysis, Phanda Farm, BhopalConversion of Biodegradable waste into valuable Organic manure NADEP COMPOST MAKING
22. Use of earth wormsVermi compost Unit
24. Comparative data of 3 years average production at Phanda farm
25. Capacity building of farmers
All Bio village farmers get regular training on Organic Farming at KRISHAK PATHSHALA. Other than Bio village, cultivators also get trained in production and application techniques of Organic through Farmer to Farmer training. Development of Government Agriculture Farms as production and distribution centers for Blue green algae.Competent farmers are motivated for BGA production at their farms. Green manure crop’s production technology training to the farmers. Training for Plant protection measures through Non pesticidal methods viz. botanical, microbial, biological, mechanical, physical, butter milk, cows urine/dung, ashes, etc. Development of linkage: farmers extension worker - scientist.
27. People Participation & Gender Development
Encouraged farm women's role in organic farming under MAPWA Project in 14 districts. Farm women groups formation at village level for farmation of farm women groups imparting trainings. Farm women groups (FWGs) made capable in vermi composting, NADEP preparation and its uses in the field crops. Farm women groups produced organic manure themselves for their own use in farming. Farm women get additional income by selling earthworms & manures. Active involvement of women in this mission with marketing of Organic Produce.
28. Impact of various Programmes
Large scale adoption of organic farming. Saving green plants from grazing. Protecting valuable trees from being cut for fuel purpose. Conserving electricity by making biomass an alternate source. Smoke free environment in the village by use of Bio gas as cooking fuel. Protecting health of farm woman. Proper decomposition of bio-degradable wastes and harmful weeds like Parthenium in biogas, in NADEP composts tanks and in vermi compost making. Estimates proved that Khandwa district alone saved Rs. 32 crores from fertilizers and pesticides in a year.
29. HIGHLIGHTS OF OUTCOME
30. Organic Farming - Action plan
Awareness campaign - All the year round. Training of staff & farmers: - At village level. - On Govt. farms. - Training Centres of Agriculture Dept. - Night Agriculture Schools. - NGO's - All India Radio. - Door Darshan - Sat Com Jaivik Haat - District level - Divisional level - State level Diverse compain at district & State level.
31. Organic Farming - Action plan
In remaining about 48000 villages - Ist year 5 farmers in each village - IInd year addition 10 farmers in each village - IIIrd year addition 15 farmers in each village - IVth year addition 20 farmers in each village - Vth year addition 25 farmers in each village - End of five year 75 farmers in each village will be adopting organic farming - Total farmers to be covered by the end of five years - 36,00,000
32. Adoption at Govt./Seed Corporation Farms level. All 42 Govt. farms - 50% organic farming - 50% chemical farming All Seed Corporation farms also to adopted organic farming 50% of the area.
33. Establishment of Model ¼vkn'kZ xks'kkyk½ Ist year - All the Govt. Farms & Seed Corporation Farms to have Dry dairy project i.e. 200 dry cattle & 30 cu.m. Biogas plant - generator sets & power supply. By end of Vth year All Govt. & Seed corporation farms become self sufficient in power. Five hundred Gosadan in M.P. to have big Biogas, Generator, gas supply, electric supply & vermi compost in five year i.e. 100 unit to be covered every year. Dairy around cities to have big biogas plant 100 each year. Villages - Target of Biogas to be increased from 12500 to 25000.
34. Product Management
Registration of Organic produce to continue at Gram Sabha level & in domestic market. Certification by International Agencies reintroduced from Kharif 2004. Developed state level organic produce certifying agency. Garmoday to be involved in marketing under Vindhya Valley trademark.
35. 1. Organic & Sustainable Agriculture Development Programme
36. 2. NADEP Scheme
37. Saving from Transportation from Agro-chemicals saving on expenditure of Agro-chemicals TOTAL COMPOST PRODUCTION (in tons) Village - Malgaon, District- Khandwa
38. MARKET VALUE ORGANIC PRODUCE