State of play of the eac eu epa negotiations
Download
1 / 27

State of Play of the EAC-EU EPA Negotiations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 609 Views
  • Uploaded on

State of Play of the EAC-EU EPA Negotiations. By Prof. Francis Matambalya University of Dar es Salaam [email protected] Content. Background to EAC EPA Configuration. Essence of EAC EPA Configuration. Viability of EAC EPA Configuration. Challenges. State of Play of the NEG.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'State of Play of the EAC-EU EPA Negotiations' - Roberta


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
State of play of the eac eu epa negotiations l.jpg

State of Play of the EAC-EU EPA Negotiations

By

Prof. Francis Matambalya

University of Dar es Salaam

[email protected]

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


Content l.jpg
Content

  • Background to EAC EPA Configuration.

  • Essence of EAC EPA Configuration.

  • Viability of EAC EPA Configuration.

  • Challenges.

  • State of Play of the NEG.

  • Conclusion.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


Slide3 l.jpg

1. BACKGROUND TO EAC EPA CONFIGURATION

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


1 1 origin of the idea for eac configuration l.jpg
1.1. Origin of the Idea for EAC Configuration

  • Origin of the idea enshrined in the Cotonou Agreement itself:

    • Resolve to promote regional integration through EPAs

    • Flexibility allowed regarding configuration

  • EAC covered by:

    • EU-commissioned (1998)

    • ACP-commissioned EPA impact studies (1999/2000).

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


1 1 origin of the idea for eac configuration conc l.jpg
1.1. Origin of the Idea for EAC Configuration – conc.

  • GLR Kampala Summit of April 2002:

    • Attended by Presidents Mkapa (Tanzania), Arap Moi (Kenya), Museveni (Uganda), Buyoya (Burundi)

    • Rwanda represented by Foreign Minister Charles Murigande

    • DRC represented by a high level delegation

    • Directed that EAC States shall negotiate EPA as a bloc.

  • Directed that EAC States shall negotiate EPA as a bloc

  • Also invited to join:

    • Burundi

    • DR Congo

    • Rwanda

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


1 2 esa epa and sadc epa configurations l.jpg
1.2. ESA EPA and SADC EPA Configurations

  • Contrary to the Kampala summit decision:

    • Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda configured themselves to negotiate EPA in the ESA group.

    • Prior to this decision, Tanzania was not consulted by its EAC partners.

    • Tanzania decided to negotiate EPA in the SADC EPA group.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


Slide7 l.jpg

2. ESSENCE OF THE EAC EPA CONFIGURATION

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


2 1 aspirations for deeper integration l.jpg
2.1. Aspirations for Deeper Integration

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


2 2 popular support of the idea in the region l.jpg
2.2. Popular Support of the idea in the region

  • Academia.

  • Corporate East Africa.

  • Political East Africa.

  • Civil society.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


Slide10 l.jpg

3. VIABILITY OF THE EAC EAC EPA CONFIGURATION

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


3 1 consistent with cotonou agreement l.jpg
3.1. Consistent with Cotonou Agreement

  • Legally, consistent with the Cotonou Agreement

  • Articles 35.2, 37.5 and 37.7:

    • EPA can be negotiated between group of ACP states and the EU

    • EPA can be negotiated between an individual ACP state and the EU

    • An ACP state can opt for an arrangement other than EPA

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


3 2 critical economic mass for strategic partnership with the eu l.jpg
3.2. Critical Economic Mass for Strategic Partnership with the EU

  • EAC forms a critical economic mass for strategic partnership with the EU (cf. tables 1, 2, 3)

  • Some of the economic and/or political entities NEG with the EU are much smaller than

    • EAC1 (i.e., Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda).

    • EAC2 (without Kenya).

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


3 2 critical economic mass for strategic partnership with the eu contd l.jpg
3.2. Critical Economic Mass for Strategic Partnership with the EU – contd.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


3 2 critical economic mass for strategic partnership with the eu contd14 l.jpg
3.2. Critical Economic Mass for Strategic Partnership with the EU – contd.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


3 2 critical economic mass for strategic partnership with the eu conc l.jpg
3.2. Critical Economic Mass for Strategic Partnership with the EU – conc.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


Slide16 l.jpg

4. CHALLENGES TO EAC EPA CONFIGURATION

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


4 1 complicated approach to neg l.jpg
4.1. Complicated Approach to NEG

  • Tanzania continues to NEG in the SADC EPA configuration

  • The remaining EAC Countries continue to NEG in the ESA configuration

  • But: The 5 EAC states will sign a single EAC-EU EPA!

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


4 2 lukewarm commitment by kenya l.jpg
4.2. Lukewarm Commitment By Kenya?

  • Sends junior officers to NEG with the EU

  • Believed to divided:

    • Wants deeper EAC integration

    • Prefers ESA EPA configuration to govern its relations with the EU

  • Can the same be said about Burundi and Rwanda (also send junior officials to NEG with the EU)

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


Slide19 l.jpg

5. STATE OF PLAY OF THE NEGOTIATIONS

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


5 1 latest neg round conc l.jpg
5.1. Latest NEG Round – conc.

  • Last NEG at Ministerial level took place in Brussels on 14th November:

  • EAC represented by:

    • Burundi:

    • Kenya: Minister Plenipotentiary, Brussels Mission

    • Rwanda: Minister Plenipotentiary, Brussels Mission

    • Tanzania: Minister for EAC Co-operation

    • Uganda: Deputy PM and Minister of EAC Co-operation

  • EU represented by:

    • Commissioner for Trade

    • Commissioner for Development:

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


5 2 main agreements l.jpg
5.2. Main Agreements

  • As a CU, the EAC will engage in EPA process as a bloc and will conclude the interim EPA Agreement as a separate configuration.

  • EAC and EU to work towards a Framework Agreement for the time remaining until the expiry of the Cotonou Agreement on 31st December 2007.

  • Framework Agreement to be applied provisionally from 1st January 2008.

  • EAC and EU will complete a comprehensive Agreement thereafter.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


5 3 elements of the framework agreement l.jpg
5.3. Elements of the Framework Agreement

  • Market Access.

  • Development Co-operation.

  • Fisheries.

  • Built in agenda (specifying mechanism for continuation of NEG beyond 31st December 2007).

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


5 4 market access l.jpg
5.4. Market Access

  • DFQF MA by the EU to the EAC States for all products, except:

    • Sugar.

    • Rice.

  • 81 percent of EAC imports from the EU to benefit for liberalisation phased over a transition period of 25 years.

  • Sensitive list of AG and industrial products for EAC states.

  • EAC’s MA offer to the EU to be refined further.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


5 5 development co operation l.jpg
5.5. Development Co-operation

  • EAC and EU to conclude a text on how to handle development issues.

  • Such text to take into account:

    • Text “already agreed by the EU with configurations in the region” (ESA, EPA)

    • Existing Interregional Co-ordination committee (IRCC)

  • EU to finance necessary adjustments.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


5 6 built in agenda way forward l.jpg
5.6. Built-in Agenda / Way Forward

  • Technical experts to finalise the framework agreement.

  • Further work to be undertaken to finalise the EAC MA offer to the EU

  • Initialling of the framework agreement not later than 23rd November

  • Continuation with the NEG as per the framework agreement.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


Slide26 l.jpg

6. CONCLUSION

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


Several issues l.jpg
Several Issues

  • Success of the EAC integration will be judged by how the handle the EPA issue.

  • To be successful, the EAC States need to consolidate their solidarity and commitment to the EAC.

F. Matambalya / Cotton Marketing


ad