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Information for Quiz I and Ancrene Wisse: Part II, III, VII

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Information for Quiz I and Ancrene Wisse: Part II, III, VII. Terms From Yesterday. The four cardinal virtues Psychomachia Allegory Anima, Animus (be able to list qualities) Mastered and unmastered flesh Vocabulary: astute, mnemonic, psychomachia, genre. Quiz I: On The Wooing….

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terms from yesterday
Terms From Yesterday
  • The four cardinal virtues
  • Psychomachia
  • Allegory
  • Anima, Animus (be able to list qualities)
  • Mastered and unmastered flesh
  • Vocabulary: astute, mnemonic, psychomachia, genre
quiz i on the wooing
Quiz I: On The Wooing…
  • Persuasive love letter written for anchoresses
  • Uses qualities of the ideal lover to describe Christ
  • Three enemies: world, flesh, devil
  • Literal use of bridal mysticism (bride of Christ)
  • Draws from the Song of Songs
  • Meditation on the Passion and purpose for it
  • On p. 256, the idea that her body will metaphorically hang “on cross” by her being in the anchorhold.
  • How does this work appeal to its audience?
quiz i sawles warde
Quiz I: Sawles Warde…
  • Part of the Katherine Group
  • A psychomachia, an allegory
  • Reason vs. Flesh (man vs. woman); anima, animus
  • Four cardinal virtues
  • Description of hell
  • Description of heaven
  • Fear and Love of Life as both being instructive
  • Advice to audience at end
quiz i ancrene wisse part ii
Quiz I: Ancrene Wisse, Part II
  • Warns against trusting the five senses.
  • Compares the anchoress’ body to the anchorhold; it should be kept “closed.”
  • Know the argument for the eyes as the windows to the soul.
  • Advises silence; injunction against women preaching; beware of flattery (80).
  • Feeling needs to be guarded the most (89).
  • Parallel drawn between 5 wounds and the 5 senses (90)
  • Reference to digging one’s grave (bottom of 91).
  • The five senses as guards of the heart.
ancrene wisse background info
Ancrene Wisse: Background Info
  • Written for three biological sisters
  • Written to appeal to aristocratic women
  • Written in English West Midlands c. 1225-1250
  • Is a guide for anchoress on how to conduct themselves (a spiritual conduct book)
  • Also meant to be a comfort to them and to protect them from danger
ancrene wisse part ii on physical senses
Ancrene Wisse: Part II (On Physical Senses)
  • Guarding the five senses; (the open body)
  • Most concerned about sight, speech and hearing; (gate of hell)
  • Senses were seen as openings available to temptation, especially in women
  • Three windows in the cell: onto church, onto the “world,” and connecting to the helpers.
  • Biblical examples lend authenticity to the writing; the Bible is the ultimate written authority.
  • There is a parallel between the anchorhold and her enclosed body.
  • She is to protect her reputation from scandal.
  • Warns against flattery and gossipers (backbiters).
  • Advises mature words, mature manners and actions
  • Parallel between the five wounds and the five senses.
ancrene wisse part vii love
Ancrene Wisse: Part VII (Love)
  • Love is the most important virtue.
  • A pure heart makes a person act for God and others, and to love God only.
  • Allegorical tale of Christ as a courtly lover

(pp. 190-191). Here, Soul is a lady, Christ is a king.

  • Four kinds of love: philos, eros, maternal love, love of life. Agape, Christ’s love, transcends all of these.
on love and christ s wooing
On Love and Christ’s Wooing
  • Human love can be voluntary, mercenary (for sale), or servile (by force). This is from St. Bernard.
  • Chastity (chaste purity) is necessary, he says, in order to love Christ. Yet, a widow and wife can love God as well as a virgin can. Yet virginity is seen as a higher calling.
  • Christ continues to woo the Soul by arguing for his courtly gifts: castles, kingdoms, wealth, beauty, swiftness, strength, generosity (p. 194).
  • Kindle love in heart; pour “Greek fire” on any strife in your heart. Keep purity of heart.
  • Love binds God and is the rule of the heart.
ancrene wisse part iii inner feelings
Ancrene Wisse: Part III (Inner Feelings)
  • On Anger:

Metaphor of the Pelican: so angry it kills its young; it grieves; restores young to life with its blood.

  • The angry anchoress destroys her good works and has to repent to restore them.
  • Ways to deal with anger (p. 94).
  • Asceticism, and the true or false anchoresses.
  • Judith as good anchoress.
a w part iii continued
A.W. Part III (continued)
  • Learning wisdom and knowledge: The eagle and the agate (a magical stone); p. 99.
  • Crucifix as similar to agate.
  • Taming the flesh (p. 99-100), yet protecting the body.
  • Spiritual anchoress as a lean bird who flies.
  • Be vigilant and do good (p. 102). Avoid desire for praise.
  • John the Baptist and the need for solitude (p. 107).
  • Parallel between anchorhold and the wilderness of the desert Fathers. God alone is enough (p. 108).
a w part iii continued13
A.W. Part III (continued)
  • Reasons to love solitary life…
  • Security (the flesh as a fragile vessel that need solitude)
  • Gaining heaven (avoiding the “world”)
  • Proof of nobility and largesse (a lady wouldn’t carry baggage; the anchoress shouldn’t carry the “world” with her)
  • Generosity
  • To be brighter
  • To be a living prayer
a w part iii continued14
A.W. Part III (continued)
  • The sparrow and humility
  • The need for bodily illness and temptations of the flesh; they make a person humble.
  • Part IV list temptations and ways to oppose them.
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