Step 1: Memorize IPA - practice quiz today - real quiz on Tuesday (over consonants)!
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Step 1: Memorize IPA - practice quiz today - real quiz on Tuesday (over consonants)!. Phonology is about looking for patterns and arguing your assessment of those patterns (be clear, orderly and logical) Course calendar may change depending on you HW1 due Tues 1/17 – practice for Quiz

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Step 1: Memorize IPA - practice quiz today - real quiz on Tuesday (over consonants)!

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Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Step 1: Memorize IPA - practice quiz today - real quiz on Tuesday (over consonants)!

Phonology is about looking for patterns and arguing your assessment of those patterns (be clear, orderly and logical)

Course calendar may change depending on you

HW1 due Tues 1/17 – practice for Quiz

Quiz 1 is on Tues 1/17; Quiz 2 on Thurs 1/19

About me, you and this course.

Webpage: web.pdx.edu/~connjc


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

  • International Phonetic Alphabet

    • Sound - symbol correspondence

    • Transcription

    • Download IPA font – see class website

      Go to Peter Ladefoged’s website:

      http://hctv.humnet.ucla.edu/departments/linguistics/VowelsandConsonants/


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

Transcription

International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

Break away from spelling

IPA is one to one sound-symbol correspondence


Transcription broad transcription narrow transcription uses diacritics

Phonetics Review

English hen:

BroadNarrow

[hEn] [hE)n]

Transcription

Broad transcription

Narrow transcription (uses diacritics)


Anatomy

Phonetics Review

Oro-nasal process

Phonation process

Anatomy

Articulatory process

The glottis = the space between the vocal folds

voiced, voiceless, whisper, murmur (breathy)

Airstream process

Link for vocal fold video 12


Anatomy1

Phonetics Review

Anatomy


Consonant articulation places of articulation

Phonetics Review

palate (palatal)

velum (velar)

alveolar ridge

uvula (uvular)

lips (labial)

Consonant articulation (Places of articulation)

teeth (dental)

places and manner of articulation video


Parts of the tongue consonant articulation

Phonetics Review

blade

center

back

Parts of the tongue

Consonant articulation

tip

front

root

epiglottis (not tongue)

places and manner of articulation video


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

Consonants

Liquids and glides also grouped together and called approximants

say: typical = stops; sufficient = fricatives – vary in place of articulation


Places of articulation for english labial dental alveolar palatal velar

Phonetics Review

also Glottal

LipsTeethRidgeRoof ofSoft

Behind topMouthPalate

Teeth

BilabialLabiodentalPalato-alveolar

InterdentalPost-alveolar

Places of articulation (for English)

LabialDentalAlveolarPalatalVelar


Order of 3 part descriptive terms voicing place o articulation manner o articulation

Phonetics Review

Consonants

so [d] is a voicedalveolarstop

Order of 3-part descriptive terms:

Voicing -- Place o’ Articulation -- Manner o’ Articulation


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

English Consonants: Order of 3-part descriptive terms:

Voicing -- Place o’ Articulation -- Manner o’ Articulation


English consonants voiceless sounds on the left

Phonetics Review

obstruents

English Consonants (voiceless sounds on the left)

sonorants


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

11 Places

Bilabial – stops, nasals and fricatives

Labiodental - stops, nasals, frics, (and affricates [ pf ] )


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

11 Places

CORONAL sounds - stops, frics, (affricates), nasals

Dental


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

11 Places

CORONAL sounds - stops, frics, nasals

4.Alveolars

  • Apical = tip of tongue used

  • Laminal = blade of tongue used


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

11 Places

CORONAL sounds - stops, frics, nasals

5.Retroflex - tongue tip pointed up, articulation with underside of tongue (not manner because place is both where and what with tongue)


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

11 Places

CORONAL sounds - frics, (affricates),

Palato-alveolar - front of tongue domed, tongue tip near alveolar/post-alveolar region (not underside)

Alveolo-palatals (like palatal + palato-alveolar) - further back than palato-alveolar, but still tongue tip under alveolar ridge (Chinese and Polish)


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

11 Places

CORONAL sounds - stops, frics, (affricates), nasals

Palatal - made with front of tongue and tongue tip down (behind bottom teeth)


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

11 Places

DORSAL sounds - stops, frics, (affricates), nasals

Velar

Labial velars


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

  • 11 Places

  • DORSAL sounds - stops, frics, (affricates), nasals

    9.Uvular – French ‘r’


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

  • 11 Places

  • DORSAL sounds - stops, frics – See Agul

  • 10.Pharyngeal 

    11.Epiglottal


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

Nasals, stops and fricatives (From Ladefoged & Johnson, 2011)


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

  • MANNERS of Articulation

  • Trills - articulator set in motion by the current of air

  • Taps - up and down movement of top of tip of tongue

  • Flaps - front and back movement of underside of tongue


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

  • Laterals - approximants, fricatives


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

  • Different from consonants

  • A lot more variation (different dialects)

  • Vowels are in a continuous space and gradient

  • Described by tongue height and backness

  • Also by rounding and tense/lax (sometimes not used)

    Vowels are a 5 part descriptive terms:

    Height -- Back/Front -- Tense/lax -- Un/Rounded -- Vowel

  • [i] = high front tense unrounded vowel

Vowels (English)


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Vowels and vowel-like articulations

  • Vowels - vowel space broken down even more than in English

= high

= upper mid

= lower mid

= low

Tense/lax or upper/lower height


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Q

a

Phonetics Review

Vowel Chart Modified

= high

= high

= upper mid

= upper mid

= lower mid

= lower mid

= low

= low


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review

How do vowels and consonants relate to each other in terms of place of articulation?


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Q

a

Phonetics Review

How do vowels and consonants relate to each other in terms of place of articulation?


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Phonetics Review


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Speech Production

  • Coarticulation - more than one articulator is active - please

  • Articulatory processes - adjustments made during normal speech (not laziness, but often for ease of articulation)

    • Assimilation

    • Dissimilation

    • Deletion

    • Epenthesis

    • Metathesis

    • Vowel Reduction


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Articulatory Processes - Assimilation

  • Assimilation - when the features or characteristics of one sound spread to another sound

  • Regressive assimilation - if two sounds are together in sequence XY, then some characteristic of Y spreads to X (backwards).

    Vowel nasalization before a nasal consonant - bed vs. Ben

  • Progressive assimilation - if two sounds are together in sequence XY, then some characteristic of X spreads to Y (forward).

    Voiceless liquids and glides - bride vs. pride


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Articulatory Processes - Assimilation

  • Voicing assimilation - a sound takes on the same voicing as a nearby sound

  • voicing - voiceless sound becomes voiced

  • devoicing - voiced sound becomes voiceless


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Articulatory Processes - Assimilation

  • Assimilation of place of articulation - a sound takes on the same place of articulation as a nearby sound

  • Palatalization - making the place of articulation more palatal

    • Also term used for changing alveolar sound to post-alveolar

    • Homorganic nasal assimilation - a nasal consonant changes depending on the place of articulation of the following consonant


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Articulatory Processes - Assimilation

  • Assimilation of manner of articulation - a sound takes on the same manner of articulation as a nearby sound

  • Nasalization - making vowel nasalized

  • Flapping - between two vowels, an alveolar stop becomes a flap (where first syllable is stressed and second is not) (Flaps are considered continuant so more vowel like)


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Articulatory Processes - Dissimilation

  • Two sounds become less alike

  • Rare process


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Articulatory Processes - Deletion

  • Process that removes a segment from certain phonetic contexts


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Articulatory Processes - Epenthesis

  • Process that inserts a segment in certain phonetic contexts


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Articulatory Processes - Metathesis

  • Reordering of the sequence of segments


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

Articulatory Processes - Vowel Reduction

  • In unstressed syllables, vowels become more central

  • Common reduced vowels in English:

high central

unrounded vowel


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

  • Articulatory processes - Reviewadjustments made during normal speech (not laziness, but for ease of articulation)

    • Assimilation - regressive or progressive

      • Of voicing - voicing or devoicing

      • Place of articulation - palatalization, homorganic nasal assimilation

      • Manner of articulation - nasalization, flapping

    • Dissimilation - orange juice

    • Deletion - fifs, husban

    • Epenthesis - warmpth

    • Metathesis - aks, pisghetti

    • Vowel Reduction - Ohio or Ohia? Missouri

  • Examples of stressed, unstressed and reduced vowels


Step 1 memorize ipa practice quiz today real quiz on tuesday over consonants

[fo nEkst taIm]:

Read chapter 1 and refresh your IPA

IPA Quiz 1 on consonants on Tues Jan 17! – Will be given the symbol and you need to match the descriptive terms

IPA Quiz 2 on vowels on Thurs Jan 19! – same type of thing as quiz 1

We will finish Phonetics Review and start Ch 2 on Thursday

HW = Phonetics IPA practice worksheet handed out on today and due Tues to help study for the quiz


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