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PowerPoint Presentation. Textbook Cover. Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Tinley Park, Illinois. Chapter 1. Fundamentals of Housing. Chapter 1 Overview. Introduction Factors Affecting Housing Choices Location Climate Availability Cost Taste Lifestyle. (Continued).

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slide1

PowerPoint Presentation

Textbook Cover

PublisherThe Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.Tinley Park, Illinois

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

chapter 1
Chapter 1
  • Fundamentals of Housing

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

chapter 1 overview
Chapter 1 Overview
  • Introduction
  • Factors Affecting Housing Choices
    • Location
    • Climate
    • Availability
    • Cost
    • Taste
    • Lifestyle

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

chapter 1 overview4
Chapter 1 Overview
  • Types of Housing Available
    • Tract houses
    • Custom houses
    • Manufactured houses
    • Mobile homes
    • Cooperatives
    • Condominiums
    • Rentals

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

objectives
Objectives
  • List physical factors outside the house that affect housing choices.
  • Explain the relationship between lifestyle and housing choices.
  • Describe the seven main types of housing.
  • Determine the strengths and weaknesses of different types of housing.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

introduction
Introduction
  • Housingincludes all that is within the dwelling and all that surrounds it.
  • Housing is the creation of a special environment in which people live.
  • Housing affects the way people feel and act.
  • The term lifespace is often used to describe housing.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

factors affecting housing choices
Factors Affecting Housing Choices
  • These factors must be considered to achieve a functional solution to the housing challenge:
    • location
    • climate
    • availability
    • cost
    • taste
    • lifestyle

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

location
Location
  • Location refers to the specific placement of the home, such as:
    • urban, suburban, and rural
    • seashore, mountain, desert, and so forth
  • A home should reflect the character of the area.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a hillside home
A Hillside Home
  • This house is well suited for a large, open site.

Photo Courtesy of James Hardie® Siding Products

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

location10
Location
  • Most city homes are compact and multilevel structures because lots are small.
  • Building materials and furnishings can be affected by the location.
  • A home is part of a neighborhood and should be viewed in that setting.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a florida home
A Florida Home
  • A home in Florida should differ in design and materials from a home in Minnesota.

WCI Communities, Inc.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a minnesota home
A Minnesota Home
  • This home looks sturdy and warm enough for its Minnesota location.

Photo Courtesy of James Hardie® Siding Products

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

location13
Location
  • Shopping, education, worship, and other facilities should be considered when choosing housing.
  • Selecting the right neighborhood may be a bigger task than determining the basic requirements for the home.
  • Remember, a home cannot be separated from its neighborhood.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

climate
Climate
  • Climate is a major consideration in housing choices.
  • The choice of the climate automatically affects the choice of housing design.
    • Northern homes need ample insulation and sloped roofs to reduce snow accumulation.
    • Desert homes generally have thick masonry walls and wide overhangs.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a southwestern home
A Southwestern Home
  • This home is designed to provide a comfortable atmosphere in a hot, arid climate.

RedCedar Shingle and Handsplit Shake Bureau

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a south florida home
A South Florida Home
  • This south Florida home is particularly suited to a warm, moist climate.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

availability
Availability
  • Availability of desirable housing in a given area is often limited.
  • Population shifts do not always coincide with construction patterns.
  • Availability is often the determining factor in acquiring housing.
  • Some types of housing offer mobility (motor homes and mobile homes).

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

housing availability
Housing Availability
  • Apartments help accommodate high demand for available housing in a given area.

Norandex/Reynolds Building Products

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

slide19
Cost
  • Cost is a crucial factor in housing choices for almost everyone.
  • Cost becomes more important as construction prices rise.
  • Home repairs, taxes, and insurance costs must be considered as well.
  • Total housing costs reduce affordable choices to the average person.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

taste
Taste
  • Taste is the sense of what is fitting, harmonious, or beautiful.
  • Taste preferences change throughout a person’s life.
  • One aspect of good taste in design is function.
  • Design that follows personal taste is likely to be pleasing.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

taste in design
Taste in Design
  • The pleasing design of this home reflects the personal taste of its occupants.

Georgia Pacific Corporation

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

lifestyle
Lifestyle
  • A household’s lifestyle is related to the values, social status, and activities of its members.
  • Lifestyle dictates how a home is used, such as for a
    • place to sleep
    • bustling center of activities and hobbies
    • peaceful retreat
    • site for social gatherings

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

lifestyle23
Lifestyle
  • A truly functional lifespace is a logical extension of a household’s lifestyle.
  • The interior space is described as:
    • individual space
    • group space
    • support space
  • Homes need all three types, but the amount of each varies with lifestyle.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

lifestyle24
Lifestyle
  • Space should be provided for individual and group activities.
    • Individual space allows sleeping, dressing, studying, relaxing, and having privacy.
    • Group space allows family dining, recreation, and conversation.
    • Support space is needed for preparing food, doing laundry and other tasks, and storing items.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

individual space
Individual Space
  • This individual space is for a younger member of the household.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

group space
Group Space
  • Group space is necessary for the interaction of two or more people.

Drexel Heritage Furnishings, Inc.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

support space
Support Space
  • The kitchen is a good example of support space in the home.

Wilsonart

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

types of housing available
Types of Housing Available
  • Tract houses
  • Custom houses
  • Manufactured houses
  • Mobile homes
  • Multifamily dwellings (cooperatives, condominiums, and rental apartments)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

tract houses
Tract Houses
  • Tract houses are built by a developer using just a few basic plans. This reduces costs and speeds the work.
  • Tract houses have several advantages:
    • The buyer can see the final product.
    • A firm price can usually be negotiated.
    • Costs are often less than a custom home.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

tract houses30
Tract Houses
  • Tract houses also have some disadvantages:
    • They may be monotonous and have little individuality.
    • They often look bare and unfinished for a few years until trees and shrubs grow.
    • Lot sizes are generally small.
    • The buyer takes a risk, not knowing how successful the development will be.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

custom houses
Custom Houses
  • The distinguishing feature of custom houses is they are designed and built for a specific household.
  • They are different from all other houses.
  • A custom house costs more per square foot than other types of housing.
  • They are generally tailored to specific building sites.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

an architect designed house
An Architect-Designed House
  • This custom house is compatible with the site, local climate, and the occupants’ lifestyle.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

custom houses33
Custom Houses
  • A custom house is the dream of most people.
  • Plans may be designed by an architect or purchased from a publisher and modified to meet family needs.
  • Designing a functional home requires special skills.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a stock plan
A Stock Plan
  • A stock plan can be modified to meet the needs of a prospective homeowner.

Kingsberry Homes

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

custom houses35
Custom Houses
  • Individuals should assess their skills before attempting to design and build a home.
  • Homeowners should not need to alter activities to fit their custom houses.
  • The site is an integral part of the whole and should complement the finished structure.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a complementary site
A Complementary Site
  • This custom house is well suited to its beach location.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

custom houses37
Custom Houses
  • The advantages of designing a custom house include:
    • an exhilarating experience
    • savings in labor charges
    • the satisfaction of having a home built to personal specifications

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

custom houses38
Custom Houses
  • The disadvantages of designing and building a custom house include:
    • a process that is very complicated
    • a need for much patience and hard work
    • difficulty in getting a loan for an owner-built house
    • codes that may require a licensed contractor to perform certain tasks

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

manufactured houses
Manufactured Houses
  • Manufactured houses are available in several forms and degrees of completion, including:
    • modular components
    • prefabs
    • kit houses
    • precuts

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

manufactured houses40
Manufactured Houses
  • Manufactured houses may include preassembled modular components such as:
    • roof panels
    • floor panels
    • wall sections
    • kitchens
    • baths

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a house being manufactured
A House Being Manufactured
  • Standard modular components were used to assemble this manufactured house.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

manufactured houses42
Manufactured Houses
  • Some houses are almost complete when they leave the factory.
  • Others such as prefab houses are delivered as large panels ready for erection on the site.
  • Kit houses are also available for factory models.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a factory built module
A Factory-Built Module
  • A factory-built module is placed on the foundation with a large crane.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

manufactured houses44
Manufactured Houses
  • Today’s manufactured houses are well-constructed and incorporate good design.
  • Advantages include lower costs, reduced time in building, and higher quality.
  • Disadvantages include a limited selection and problems with large modules.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a precut model
A Precut Model
  • This home used factory precuts, which are packaged components cut to size for a plan.

Photo courtesy of Lindal Cedar Homes, Inc., Seattle, WA

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a manufactured house
A Manufactured House
  • This manufactured house has the look of a custom house.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

mobile homes
Mobile Homes
  • Mobile homes, designed to be movable, are constructed on frames having wheels for towing.
  • Two or more units may be joined together.
  • A permanent or temporary foundation may be used.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a mobile home
A Mobile Home
  • Mobile homes make efficient use of space and generally are very economical.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

mobile homes49
Mobile Homes
  • Advantages include economy, mobile-home park services, movability, and a “move-in” condition (with appliances, carpeting, and other amenities provided).
  • Disadvantages include rapid depreciation, social stigma, and high fees for moving, which can only be done by professionals.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

cooperatives
Cooperatives
  • A cooperativerefers to a type of ownership, not a type of building.
  • The management is run as a corporation.
  • Buyers purchase stock in the corporation, and as owners, determine how the coop is run.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a cooperative
A Cooperative
  • A cooperative combines the advantages of home ownership and the convenience of apartment living.

Photo Courtesy of James Hardie® Siding Products

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

cooperatives52
Cooperatives
  • A buyer receives a lease to an apartment, but does not pay rent.
  • The buyer does, however, pay a monthly fee for taxes and maintenance.
  • Residents vote on potential buyers.
  • Wishes of the total group prevail.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

condominiums
Condominiums
  • The owner of a condominium buys the apartment and a share of the common ground.
  • The owner pays taxes as though it were a separate house.
  • Owners have joint interest in all shared property and facilities (hallways, laundry areas, parking lots, swimming pools).

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

a typical condominium
A Typical Condominium
  • Common property is maintained with money collected from monthly assessments.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

condominiums55
Condominiums
  • An owner may sell a condo unit without consent of other owners.
  • Owners cast votes proportional to the original value of their units.
  • A condominium complex may include a mixture of apartments, townhouses, and duplexes.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

rentals
Rentals
  • Apartments are the most common rentals.
  • Rental apartments generally require low initial expense and upkeep effort.
  • They address a variety of lifestyles and are readily available.
  • Choices of apartment styles, size, price range, and facilities are unlimited.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

rental apartments
Rental Apartments
  • Rental apartments are often located near shopping, recreation, and transportation.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

rentals58
Rentals
  • Disadvantages of rentals relate mostly to lack of control over the living space.
    • Renters have little voice in how the building is managed or maintained.
    • Neighbors may move so frequently that no neighborhood spirit develops.
  • Rent payments do not result in equity.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

glossary
Glossary
  • condominium

Dwelling wherein the owner buys an apartment and a share of the common ground.

  • cooperative

A dwelling that is managed and run as a corporation.

  • customhouses

Houses that are designed and built to meet the needs of specific households.

  • housing

The structural dwelling, its contents, and its surroundings.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

glossary60
Glossary
  • kithouses

Factory models of houses available in kits.

  • manufactured houses

Types of houses that are produced in a factory, shipped to the site, and put into place with a crane.

  • precuts

Packaged materials used to build a house that are already cut to size for a customer’s plan.

  • prefab housing

Housing units delivered as preassembled panels ready for erecting on the site.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

glossary61
Glossary
  • tracthouses

Several houses built from a few basic plans on a tract of land that has been divided into lots.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.

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