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PowerPoint Presentation. Textbook Cover. Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Tinley Park, Illinois. Chapter 1. Fundamentals of Housing. Chapter 1 Overview. Introduction Factors Affecting Housing Choices Location Climate Availability Cost Taste Lifestyle. (Continued).

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Slide1 l.jpg

PowerPoint Presentation

Textbook Cover

PublisherThe Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.Tinley Park, Illinois

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


Chapter 1 l.jpg
Chapter 1

  • Fundamentals of Housing

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Chapter 1 Overview

  • Introduction

  • Factors Affecting Housing Choices

    • Location

    • Climate

    • Availability

    • Cost

    • Taste

    • Lifestyle

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Chapter 1 Overview

  • Types of Housing Available

    • Tract houses

    • Custom houses

    • Manufactured houses

    • Mobile homes

    • Cooperatives

    • Condominiums

    • Rentals

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Objectives

  • List physical factors outside the house that affect housing choices.

  • Explain the relationship between lifestyle and housing choices.

  • Describe the seven main types of housing.

  • Determine the strengths and weaknesses of different types of housing.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Introduction

  • Housingincludes all that is within the dwelling and all that surrounds it.

  • Housing is the creation of a special environment in which people live.

  • Housing affects the way people feel and act.

  • The term lifespace is often used to describe housing.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Factors Affecting Housing Choices

  • These factors must be considered to achieve a functional solution to the housing challenge:

    • location

    • climate

    • availability

    • cost

    • taste

    • lifestyle

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Location

  • Location refers to the specific placement of the home, such as:

    • urban, suburban, and rural

    • seashore, mountain, desert, and so forth

  • A home should reflect the character of the area.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Hillside Home

  • This house is well suited for a large, open site.

Photo Courtesy of James Hardie® Siding Products

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Location

  • Most city homes are compact and multilevel structures because lots are small.

  • Building materials and furnishings can be affected by the location.

  • A home is part of a neighborhood and should be viewed in that setting.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Florida Home

  • A home in Florida should differ in design and materials from a home in Minnesota.

WCI Communities, Inc.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Minnesota Home

  • This home looks sturdy and warm enough for its Minnesota location.

Photo Courtesy of James Hardie® Siding Products

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Location

  • Shopping, education, worship, and other facilities should be considered when choosing housing.

  • Selecting the right neighborhood may be a bigger task than determining the basic requirements for the home.

  • Remember, a home cannot be separated from its neighborhood.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Climate

  • Climate is a major consideration in housing choices.

  • The choice of the climate automatically affects the choice of housing design.

    • Northern homes need ample insulation and sloped roofs to reduce snow accumulation.

    • Desert homes generally have thick masonry walls and wide overhangs.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Southwestern Home

  • This home is designed to provide a comfortable atmosphere in a hot, arid climate.

RedCedar Shingle and Handsplit Shake Bureau

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A South Florida Home

  • This south Florida home is particularly suited to a warm, moist climate.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Availability

  • Availability of desirable housing in a given area is often limited.

  • Population shifts do not always coincide with construction patterns.

  • Availability is often the determining factor in acquiring housing.

  • Some types of housing offer mobility (motor homes and mobile homes).

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Housing Availability

  • Apartments help accommodate high demand for available housing in a given area.

Norandex/Reynolds Building Products

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Cost

  • Cost is a crucial factor in housing choices for almost everyone.

  • Cost becomes more important as construction prices rise.

  • Home repairs, taxes, and insurance costs must be considered as well.

  • Total housing costs reduce affordable choices to the average person.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Taste

  • Taste is the sense of what is fitting, harmonious, or beautiful.

  • Taste preferences change throughout a person’s life.

  • One aspect of good taste in design is function.

  • Design that follows personal taste is likely to be pleasing.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Taste in Design

  • The pleasing design of this home reflects the personal taste of its occupants.

Georgia Pacific Corporation

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Lifestyle

  • A household’s lifestyle is related to the values, social status, and activities of its members.

  • Lifestyle dictates how a home is used, such as for a

    • place to sleep

    • bustling center of activities and hobbies

    • peaceful retreat

    • site for social gatherings

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Lifestyle

  • A truly functional lifespace is a logical extension of a household’s lifestyle.

  • The interior space is described as:

    • individual space

    • group space

    • support space

  • Homes need all three types, but the amount of each varies with lifestyle.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Lifestyle

  • Space should be provided for individual and group activities.

    • Individual space allows sleeping, dressing, studying, relaxing, and having privacy.

    • Group space allows family dining, recreation, and conversation.

    • Support space is needed for preparing food, doing laundry and other tasks, and storing items.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Individual Space

  • This individual space is for a younger member of the household.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Group Space

  • Group space is necessary for the interaction of two or more people.

Drexel Heritage Furnishings, Inc.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Support Space

  • The kitchen is a good example of support space in the home.

Wilsonart

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Types of Housing Available

  • Tract houses

  • Custom houses

  • Manufactured houses

  • Mobile homes

  • Multifamily dwellings (cooperatives, condominiums, and rental apartments)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Tract Houses

  • Tract houses are built by a developer using just a few basic plans. This reduces costs and speeds the work.

  • Tract houses have several advantages:

    • The buyer can see the final product.

    • A firm price can usually be negotiated.

    • Costs are often less than a custom home.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Tract Houses

  • Tract houses also have some disadvantages:

    • They may be monotonous and have little individuality.

    • They often look bare and unfinished for a few years until trees and shrubs grow.

    • Lot sizes are generally small.

    • The buyer takes a risk, not knowing how successful the development will be.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Custom Houses

  • The distinguishing feature of custom houses is they are designed and built for a specific household.

  • They are different from all other houses.

  • A custom house costs more per square foot than other types of housing.

  • They are generally tailored to specific building sites.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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An Architect-Designed House

  • This custom house is compatible with the site, local climate, and the occupants’ lifestyle.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Custom Houses

  • A custom house is the dream of most people.

  • Plans may be designed by an architect or purchased from a publisher and modified to meet family needs.

  • Designing a functional home requires special skills.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Stock Plan

  • A stock plan can be modified to meet the needs of a prospective homeowner.

Kingsberry Homes

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Custom Houses

  • Individuals should assess their skills before attempting to design and build a home.

  • Homeowners should not need to alter activities to fit their custom houses.

  • The site is an integral part of the whole and should complement the finished structure.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Complementary Site

  • This custom house is well suited to its beach location.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Custom Houses

  • The advantages of designing a custom house include:

    • an exhilarating experience

    • savings in labor charges

    • the satisfaction of having a home built to personal specifications

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Custom Houses

  • The disadvantages of designing and building a custom house include:

    • a process that is very complicated

    • a need for much patience and hard work

    • difficulty in getting a loan for an owner-built house

    • codes that may require a licensed contractor to perform certain tasks

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Manufactured Houses

  • Manufactured houses are available in several forms and degrees of completion, including:

    • modular components

    • prefabs

    • kit houses

    • precuts

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Manufactured Houses

  • Manufactured houses may include preassembled modular components such as:

    • roof panels

    • floor panels

    • wall sections

    • kitchens

    • baths

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A House Being Manufactured

  • Standard modular components were used to assemble this manufactured house.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Manufactured Houses

  • Some houses are almost complete when they leave the factory.

  • Others such as prefab houses are delivered as large panels ready for erection on the site.

  • Kit houses are also available for factory models.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Factory-Built Module

  • A factory-built module is placed on the foundation with a large crane.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Manufactured Houses

  • Today’s manufactured houses are well-constructed and incorporate good design.

  • Advantages include lower costs, reduced time in building, and higher quality.

  • Disadvantages include a limited selection and problems with large modules.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Precut Model

  • This home used factory precuts, which are packaged components cut to size for a plan.

Photo courtesy of Lindal Cedar Homes, Inc., Seattle, WA

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Manufactured House

  • This manufactured house has the look of a custom house.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Mobile Homes

  • Mobile homes, designed to be movable, are constructed on frames having wheels for towing.

  • Two or more units may be joined together.

  • A permanent or temporary foundation may be used.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Mobile Home

  • Mobile homes make efficient use of space and generally are very economical.

Manufactured Housing Institute

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Mobile Homes

  • Advantages include economy, mobile-home park services, movability, and a “move-in” condition (with appliances, carpeting, and other amenities provided).

  • Disadvantages include rapid depreciation, social stigma, and high fees for moving, which can only be done by professionals.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Cooperatives

  • A cooperativerefers to a type of ownership, not a type of building.

  • The management is run as a corporation.

  • Buyers purchase stock in the corporation, and as owners, determine how the coop is run.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Cooperative

  • A cooperative combines the advantages of home ownership and the convenience of apartment living.

Photo Courtesy of James Hardie® Siding Products

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Cooperatives

  • A buyer receives a lease to an apartment, but does not pay rent.

  • The buyer does, however, pay a monthly fee for taxes and maintenance.

  • Residents vote on potential buyers.

  • Wishes of the total group prevail.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Condominiums

  • The owner of a condominium buys the apartment and a share of the common ground.

  • The owner pays taxes as though it were a separate house.

  • Owners have joint interest in all shared property and facilities (hallways, laundry areas, parking lots, swimming pools).

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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A Typical Condominium

  • Common property is maintained with money collected from monthly assessments.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Condominiums

  • An owner may sell a condo unit without consent of other owners.

  • Owners cast votes proportional to the original value of their units.

  • A condominium complex may include a mixture of apartments, townhouses, and duplexes.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Rentals

  • Apartments are the most common rentals.

  • Rental apartments generally require low initial expense and upkeep effort.

  • They address a variety of lifestyles and are readily available.

  • Choices of apartment styles, size, price range, and facilities are unlimited.

(Continued)

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Rental Apartments

  • Rental apartments are often located near shopping, recreation, and transportation.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Rentals

  • Disadvantages of rentals relate mostly to lack of control over the living space.

    • Renters have little voice in how the building is managed or maintained.

    • Neighbors may move so frequently that no neighborhood spirit develops.

  • Rent payments do not result in equity.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Glossary

  • condominium

    Dwelling wherein the owner buys an apartment and a share of the common ground.

  • cooperative

    A dwelling that is managed and run as a corporation.

  • customhouses

    Houses that are designed and built to meet the needs of specific households.

  • housing

    The structural dwelling, its contents, and its surroundings.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Glossary

  • kithouses

    Factory models of houses available in kits.

  • manufactured houses

    Types of houses that are produced in a factory, shipped to the site, and put into place with a crane.

  • precuts

    Packaged materials used to build a house that are already cut to size for a customer’s plan.

  • prefab housing

    Housing units delivered as preassembled panels ready for erecting on the site.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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Glossary

  • tracthouses

    Several houses built from a few basic plans on a tract of land that has been divided into lots.

Permission granted to produce for educational use only.


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