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UNFCCC Workshop on the preparation of Annex I National Communications. National circumstances: the case of Belgium. Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001. Key questions. How to report on national circumstances ? Why report on national circumstances? What to report? Which tools to use ?

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UNFCCC Workshop onthe preparation of Annex I National Communications

National circumstances: the case of Belgium

Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001


Key questions l.jpg
Keyquestions

  • How to report on national circumstances?

    • Why report on national circumstances?

    • What to report?

    • Which tools to use?

  • How is the reporting process affected by national circumstances?

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


Why report l.jpg
Why report?

  • General purpose:

  • Describe driving forces/processes affecting emissions and removals

  • Feedback for decision making

  • Also:

  • Basis for projections (section VI)

  • Policies and measures (sectionV)

  • Vulnerability, impacts and adaptation (sectionVII)

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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What to report?

  • Factors affecting ghg emissions:

  • Government structure

  • National profile: population, geography, climate, economy

  • Characteristics of key sectors: energy, transport, industry, waste, building stock, urban structure, agriculture and forest

  • … including historic trends

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Which tools?

  • Reporting guidelines:only limited guidance compared to other chapters

  • Guidelines para. 8:

  • “… including disaggregated indicators”

  • “… whatever information best describes …”

  • No other ‘tools’ specified for measuring the relationship between national circumstances and emissions

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Reportingprocess

  • The process in general is affected by:

  • Government structure

  • Institutional arrangements(incl. internal monitoring)

  • Availability of financial and personal means

  • Willingness of agents to co-operate

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Government structure

Member State of the EU since 1958

  • Federal state (‘fully fledged’ since 1993):

  • Continuously under reform since 1970

  • Two-way devolution of powers:

    • Communities (based on language)

    • Regions (geographically based)

  • Exclusive powers for federate entities

    • Structures and procedures for cooperation

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Government structure

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Government structure

FlemishRegion

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Government structure

WalloonRegion

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Government structure

BrusselsCapitalRegion

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Government structure

FlemishCommunity

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Government structure

FrenchCommunity

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Government structure

GermanSpeakingCommunity

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Government structure

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Federal

Regions

Communities

Environment

+

++

-

Energy

++

++

-

Transport

+

++

-

Land use planning

-

++

-

Agriculture

(++)

(++)

-

Education

-

-

++

Taxes

++

+

-

Research

++

++

++

Foreign policy

++

+

+

Foreign trade

-

++

-

Allocationof powers

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Co-operation

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Co-operation

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Chairperson (Ministers representative)

Dept. Representatives

Federal co-ordinator

Energy

Transport

Brussels co-ordinator

Science

Finance

Flemish co-ordinator

Foreign Affairs

Dev. coop.

Walloon co-ordinator

Planning Bureau

Co-operation

Greenhouse EffectCo-ordination Group

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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NC3 Burden sharing

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Broader perspective

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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Discussion?

  • Use of indicators

  • Links with other reporting processes

  • Experience in other federal countries

UN FCCC Workshop on National Communications (Bonn, 28.02-2.03.2001) National circumstances: the case of Belgium - P. Wittoeck


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