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Revolution and Articles. VUS.4.a John Locke and Common Sense VUS.4.b Colonists differ about separation VUS.4.c Revolutionary War victory VUS.5.a Articles of Confederation. John Locke. Enlightenment thinker All are free , equal in natural rights to life liberty Property

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Revolution and Articles

VUS.4.a

John Locke and Common Sense

VUS.4.b

Colonists differ about separation

VUS.4.c

Revolutionary War victory

VUS.5.a

Articles of Confederation

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John Locke

  • Enlightenment thinker

  • All are free, equal in

    • natural rights to

      • life

      • liberty

      • Property

  • “The people”

    • social contract with king

    • ordered liberty to obey laws

    • government power by consent

    • right to overthrow bad ruler

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George Mason

  • Virginian thinker

    • Neighbor to George Washington

  • Wrote Virginia “Bill of Rights”

    • natural rights to

      • life

      • liberty

      • religion

  • “The people”

    • Must not be oppressed by government

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Thomas Paine

  • Wrote Common Sense

    • 1775

    • widely reprinted and read

    • for independence

  • Small island has no right

    • to govern big continent

  • Bad king has no right

    • to govern good people

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Declaration of Independence

  • Thomas Jefferson 1776

    • Delegate from Virginia

    • used Locke and Paine

    • detailed grievances

  • Self-evident truths

    • life, liberty and

    • the pursuit of happiness

  • Rights are secured

    • by government of consent

  • Consent of the governed

    • Can alter or abolish to effect safety and happiness

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    Colonies’ conflict with Britain

    • King triumphant in victory

      • King George III assumed territory

      • took land from colonial charters

    • Proclamation of 1763

      • prohibited settlement west

      • favored Indian trade

    • Direct tax on America

      • Stamp Act, Tea, Sugar

      • to pay for French & Indian War

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    American Revolution Begins

    • Boston Tea Party

      • locally enforced boycott

      • resistance to British rule

    • Boston Massacre

      • from the Quartering Act

      • King’s soldiers versus Boston’s sailors

    • Lexington and Concord

      • “Minutemen” local militia

      • British strike for powder

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    Faces of the Declaration

    Thomas Jefferson

    Benjamin Franklin

    John Locke

    Thomas Paine

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