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What is a Notebook Computer ?. A Notebook is a portable computer. Portable Computers. Laptops - largest Notebooks - smaller Palmtops - smallest. A portable computer is much smaller and lighter than the most compact PC. The screen and keyboard are integrated parts of the unit.

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portable computers
Portable Computers
  • Laptops - largest
  • Notebooks - smaller
  • Palmtops - smallest
slide5
A portable computer is much smaller and lighter than the most compact PC.
  • The screen and keyboard are integrated parts of the unit.
  • Case is small, flat design in which all the pieces fit together snugly – HEAT is a problem
ever heard of xerox
Ever heard of Xerox ?
  • In the 1970s, Alan Kay of the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center sketched the Dynabook – a vision for a wireless portable computer
  • Dynabook never got past sketches and a cardboard model, but the idea got out …
slide9
1979 - William Moggridge of Grid Systems Corporation created the first functioning portable computer - Grid Compass Computer 1109 (find a picture)
  • 1109 had 340 KB memory, a die-cast magnesium case and a folding electroluminescent graphics display screen.
  • NASA bought 1109s at $800 for the space program.
ibm pc convertible
IBM PC Convertible ..
  • Weighed 12 lbs (5.4 kg),
  • sold for $3,500.
  • was the first portable computer with the clamshell design used in today\'s laptops.
  • The success of the PC Convertible was the catalyst for competitors like Compaq and Toshiba to switch to the clamshell design in their portable computers. And so began the era of the laptop computer.
ibm pc convertible had
IBM PC Convertible had ..
  • An 8088 microprocessor
  • 256 kilobytes of memory
  • Two 3.5-inch (8.9-cm) floppy drives
  • An LCD display
  • Parallel and serial printer ports
  • Space for an internal modem
  • A software suite including basic word processing, appointment calendar, telephone/address book, and calculator software
what to look for in a portable computer today
What to look for in a portable computer today …
  • Don’t plan to upgrade anything except memory and a PCI Card
  • Get a warranty
  • Buy light (as in not heavy) with fastest processor, active matrix display, lithium battery
slide14
FYI …
  • In the mid 90’s one of the most exciting innovations was channel aggregation – a notebook could have 2 modem connections to speed up data transfer
extending a notebook
Extending a Notebook

Cards slot into a notebook and extend the functionality, for ..

  • Memory
  • Modems
  • Drives

PCMCIA standards define these cards.

the pc card standard cardbus
The PC Card Standard, CardBus
  • Memory (type 1) – 3.3 mm thick
  • Modems (type 2) – 5.5 mm thick
  • Drives (type 3) – 10.5 mm thick

CardBus uses 16 bit or 32 bit operation.

expresscard
ExpressCard
  • Intended to replace PC Card
  • Designed to use PCI Express or USB 2.0
expresscard18
ExpressCard
  • ExpressCard/34 is 34 mm wide, 75 mm long and 5 mm high.
  • ExpressCard/54 is 54 mm wide, 75 mm long and 5 mm high.
to use pc card and or expresscard
To use PC Card and/or ExpressCard ..

The Operating System needs

  • Socket Services
  • Card Services
to unplug a pc card
To unplug a PC Card
  • Windows XP : Use the unplug icon in the system tray
  • Windows 2000: Add/Remove Hardware
slide21
Find …
  • A PC Card that supports gigabit ethernet
  • A TV Tuner PC Card
  • A PC Card that supports an external SATA drive
memory
Memory
  • SO-DIMMS
  • SO-RIMMS
  • PC Card Memory
  • Proprietary Memory
what is an active matrix display
What is an Active Matrix Display ?
  • A TFT (Thin Film Transistor) LCD Display
slide24
The layer of rod-shaped molecules (liquid crystals) flow like liquid.
  • When a charge of electric current passes through the layer of liquid crystals, they align or twist, preventing or allowing the light to pass through.
  • Crystal Clear ?
difference between active matrix and passive matrix
Difference between Active Matrix and Passive Matrix ?

Passive matrix flat panel displays consist of a grid of horizontal and vertical wires. At the intersection of each grid is an LCD element that constitutes a single pixel.

Active matrix flat panels have a transistor built into each pixel within the screen.

Active matrix displays have

- higher resolution,

- higher contrast,

- faster pixel response rates … than passive matrix LCDs.

batteries
Batteries …

There are 4 major types of batteries used in portable computers :

  • Alkaline

in remote controls – not used for computers today

  • Nickel-Cadmium (NiCd)

Older, up to 12 hours to charge, memory effect, Cadmium is toxic

  • Nickel-metal-hydride (NiMH)

Better than NiCd, but only recharged up to 500 times

  • Lithium-ion (Li-ion)

Non-toxic but lithium highly reactive with water, lightweight, no memory effect, expensive

  • Direct methanol fuel cell (this is new)
so dimms
SO-DIMMS
  • 72 pin (32 bit) – outdated with FPM or EDO memory
  • 144 pin (64 bit) - SDRAM
  • 200 pin (64 bit) - SDRAM
so rimms
SO-RIMMS
  • 160 pins
  • RAMBUS technology
pc card memory
PC Card Memory
  • Available as both CARDBUS and ExpressCard

(Sometimes CARDBUS just called PCM, PC CARD …, but ExpressCard Memory will be referenced as ExpressCard)

mini pci card standard
Mini PCI card Standard
  • Standard for notebooks to evolve from using proprietary cards and slots
  • Type 1 and type 2 – use a 100 pin ‘stacking connector’
  • Type 3 - 124 pin stacking connector
port replicator vs docking station
Port Replicator Vs Docking Station
  • Port Replicator : Allows notebook to connect to power outlet, full size monitor
  • Docking station : As provided by Port Replicator, but also connection to hard drive, floppy drive, DVD/CD drives
find a
Find a ..
  • Port Replicator
  • Docking Station
spend 15 minutes
Spend 15 minutes…
  • … online selecting a notebook computer for less than $1,500.
servicing your own notebook
Servicing your own Notebook ?

All notebooks are different, usually with proprietary components, so ……

Get a service manual / user manual / helpful web site

good support
Good Support ?
  • Lenovo and Dell have free online service manuals and phone support (through Canada)
  • Compaq have good web support and good phone support
  • Apple – Good web support, good phone support, good store support
others
Others ?
  • Try manufacturer’s web site
  • Try WWW.ESERVICEINFO.COMfor a free online manual or information .. Go visit
www eserviceinfo com
WWW.ESERVICEINFO.COM

For support software go to WWW.RARLAB.COM

today we have a
Today we have a ….
  • DELL SoLo
  • Model ----
  • … and a project that we will start today.
  • First step – find the information. We need instructions for opening the Dell ,,,,,
servicing your own notebook41
Servicing your own Notebook ?

All notebooks are different, usually with proprietary components, so ……

Get a service manual / user manual / helpful web site

others42
Others ?
  • Try manufacturer’s web site
  • Try WWW.ESERVICEINFO.COMfor a free online manual or information .. Go visit
www eserviceinfo com43
WWW.ESERVICEINFO.COM

For support software go to WWW.RARLAB.COM

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