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European social policy and social dialogue. ETUC Youth project 2009 More and better jobs for young people in Europe Madrid, 26-28 August 2010 Bianca Busuioc European Commission, DG EMPL – unit « Social Dialogue and Industrial Relations ».

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European social policy and social dialogue l.jpg

European social policy andsocial dialogue

ETUC Youth project 2009

More and better jobs for young people in Europe

Madrid, 26-28 August 2010

Bianca Busuioc

European Commission, DG EMPL – unit « Social Dialogue and Industrial Relations »

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


A short perspective on the situation of young people in europe l.jpg
A short perspective on the situation of young people in Europe

  • 5.6 million youth unemployed in 2009

  • One out of four unemployed is under 25 years

  • Nearly 80 % of young people between 20 and 24 in Europe have completed upper secondary education. Nonetheless, a quarter of 15-year olds are low achievers in reading literacy10 and 6 million young people leave school without any qualifications.

  • difficult to anticipate how the situation will develop for young people in the next four-five years

  • Every year a certain number enter the labour market, with limited recruitment chances…

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1



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A short perspective on the situation of young people in Europe

  • Europeans are living longer, having children later and there are fewer young people. The 15- 29 age group is projected to represent 15.3 % of Europe's population in 2050, whereas it is currently 19.3%3.

  • Globalisation can bring growth and jobs, but it can also bring about specific challenges for vulnerable workers such as youth, as demonstrated by the crisis.

  • Key competences flexible enough to develop appropriate skills throughout one's life are vital, and early school leaving is still a key issue.

  • (2009 Communication « A EU strategy for youth »)

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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A short perspective on the situation of young people in Europe

  • Conclusion: any action impacting on the transition to the labour market must be designed to fit the needs of young adults.

  • Unemployment is not a new phenomenon

  • however, a new feature: the increase was more steep for young men

  • than women

  • employment rates for this and next year predict the red line to remain in the order of 10%.

  • In the pre-crisis decade the EU managed to reduce by nearly 40 % the share of long-term unemployed among young people under 25.

  • Differences between Member States have increased enormously with the crisis and different factors may explain youth unemployment

  • Examples:

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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A short perspective on the situation of young people in Europe

  • Germany has a stable rate of 10% youth unemployment because the

  • Country has institutions that cushion the effects of the crisis (strong VET

  • basis) and invests in a "transition system" for young people falling out of

  • the mainstream pathways.

  • Spain is one of the countries with high protection of the core workforce, but with strong segmentation of the labour market to the disadvantage of youth.

  • Finland is PISA champion, but there seem to be problems in the transitions to the labour market.

  • France is a country with strong active labour market policies, but the sustainability of outcomes is problematic.

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1



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European common challenges Opportunities ─ Unit F1

  • Despite different starting points: there are a number of common

  • challenges in all EU member states and there must be real commitment

  • to address them.

  • Ensure education and appropriate skills for young people

  • Improve the first entry into the labour market

  • Improve transitions

  • Increase the employment rate in the age group 20 to 30

  • The Commission’s priorities are set to match these challenges...

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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European Commission priorities Opportunities ─ Unit F1

  • Preparation for the labour market through education and training should equip young people with key competences and respond to labour market needs

  • Transition to the labour market requires getting a first (full time) job after finishing education and training.

  • Stabilisation of labour market attachment needs to be achieved through a balanced mix of flexibility and security for recent entrants on the labour market.

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1



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EU policy framework for youth Opportunities ─ Unit F1

  • EU Youth Strategy 2010-2018

  • Adopted in April 2009, this strategy acknowledges that young people are

  • one of the most vulnerable groups in society, especially in the current

  • economic and financial crisis. The aim is to consolidate the EU policy

  • orientations for youth employment responding to the challenges outlined

  • above and seek to strengthen Member States commitment to action

    • EU2020 strategy

      Includes a specific flagship initiative targeted at youth

      • Youth on the move Communication

        Includes specific youth employment priorities

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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EU Youth Strategy 2010-2018 Opportunities ─ Unit F1

  • Following on previous youth strategy, the current one asks for greater collaboration between youth policies and other policy areas such as education, employment, inclusion and health

  • It includes three overarching and interconnected goals closely linked to those of the Renewed Social Agenda:

  • – Creating more Opportunities for Youth in education and employment

  • – Improving Access and full participation of all young people in society

  • – Fostering mutual Solidarity between society and young people

  • Under each goal, two to three 'fields of action' are proposed with objectives for the first three years, 2010-2012, each including a list of possible specific actions which can be undertaken by Member States and/or the Commission.

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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EU 2020 Strategy Opportunities ─ Unit F1

  • Three priorities are at the heart of Europe 2020:

  • – Smart growth – developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation.

  • – Sustainable growth – promoting a more resource efficient, greener and more competitive economy.

  • – Inclusive growth – fostering a high-employment economy delivering economic, social and territorial cohesion.

  • Among the flagship initiatives meant to implement the first priority, one is

  • « Youth on the move », aimed (among others) at improving the

  • employment situation of young people.

  • The Commission is currently preparing a Communication expected to be adopted

  • this autumn…

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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Communication Youth on the move Opportunities ─ Unit F1

  • Young people's transition periods from education to employment have

  • become significantly longer and complex.

  • Unemployment among young people is on average at least twice as high as for the overall workforce

  • The current economic crisis puts further pressure on the labour market

  • opportunities for the young. They frequently work in low-quality,temporary

  • jobs and are poorly paid.

  • Youth unemployment is often a result of lack of skills or

  • skills mismatch.

  • Guidance and counselling systems on qualification pathways and future job opportunities are needed.

  • The Commission's upcoming proposal is a contribution to Europe 2020, aiming to

  • develop, over the next ten years, an economy that is based on knowledge and

  • innovation. Part of the Commission’s future Communication on youth will

  • propose actions more specifically targeted to youth employment, to answer the

  • above mentioned challenges. The Communication underlines more robust policy

  • coordination and involvement of social partners.

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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Communication Youth on the move – 7 priorities Opportunities ─ Unit F1

  • Help to get a first job

  • Promote on-the-job learning

  • Moving upwards after the first job

  • Target a job for youth at risk

  • Provide adequate social safety nets for young people

  • Support young entrepreneurs

  • Attract young talent into jobs

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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Youth employment – a financial support at EU level Opportunities ─ Unit F1

  • The European Social Fund is the main EU financial instrument to support actions targeted to youth employment in Member States:

  • 30% of all beneficiaries directly supported by the Fund are 15-24 years old.

  • 60% of the entire ESF budget is spent on education and training, including for young people

  • approximately 2.5 million young people per year benefit from ESF support (examples: education/study grants, ESF-supported jobs or apprenticeship places, incentives for self-employment, job guidance and counselling, training or mentoring, pedagogical/social support).

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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Commission complementary actions Opportunities ─ Unit F1

  • Apart from supporting youth employment policy implementation in

  • Member States, financial support (European Social Fund), cooperation

  • with/among MS through exchange of good practice ("mutual learning")

  • And dialogue with Social Partners, the Commission envisages a

  • number of complementary actions in the future:

  • Launch of the "Your first EURES job" scheme (2011)

  • Link the new microcredit facility with youth entrepreneurship (together

  • with DG ENTR)

  • Launch a Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative promoting more

  • recruitment and better quality in youth employment (together with DG

  • ENTR)

Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit F1


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