European Social dialogue. Catherine Barnard Trinity College. Diversity of industrial relations in Europe. Romano-Germanic Anglo-Irish Nordic. Diversity of industrial relations in Europe. Romano-Germanic
Source: European Industrial Relations Observatory, Trade Union Membership 1993-2003 (2004)
Source: COM(93) 600, 43 with updates
where there is no official involvement by the European Parliament ‘the principle of democracy on which the Union is founded requires ... that the participation of the people be otherwise ensured, in this instance through the parties representative of management and labour who concluded the agreement which is endowed by the Council ... with a legislative foundation at Community level.