The Birth of Modern Linguistics. Ferdinand De Saussure Why Linguistics is a Science? Science and Ideology Basil Bernstein Noam Chomsky Structuralist Underpinnings Formalism and Functionalism. Ferdinand De Saussure. In Switzerland. . . . Philology vs. Linguistics
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You actually have to be very intelligent to make a grammar mistake.
You have to have the capacity to deliberate over your choice of form.
3) Externally observable evidence as data
4) Rigorous systematic methodology
5) Identification of replicable patterns
6) Both quantitative and qualitative research
Goes into context and all the factors that
come to bear
(He will remain faceless on this slide1) to remind you that he was blacklisted for so many years and 2) because I can’t find a photo of him. )
(This is just an appetizer for discourse analysis, which comes at the end of the course and is the meaning of life).
(Incidentally, he was about 21 when this landmark work was published)
Competenceis what you know; it’s the ideal
language that’s in your head. What’s in the
black box? Chomsky is interested in
competence. He wants to know how the brain
Performanceis what actually comes out of
your mouth (or in some cases your pen),
which sometimes is messed up. You
get tongue tied or accidentally say
something other than what you know is well
formed language—if given a chance to
rephrase, you fix it immediately, because
your competence always exceeds your
Performance also covers the social functions
you perform with your language. Besides the
exchange of information, you build all kinds of
relationships and create larger social realities
with your language. This is what Sociolinguists
are concerned with. Chomsky doesn’t care
about language in use because it doesn’t
contribute to his quest to understand how the
brain produces language.
Are we in hell?
* 1. You might could open an account there.
2. You might be able to open an account there.
In many southern dialects both 1 and 2 are perfectly acceptable in everyday conversation.