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Birth of Modern Art. Edouard Manet. Edouard Manet Music in the Tuileries Gardens 1862. Edouard Manet Music in the Tuileries Gardens 1862.

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birth of modern art

Birth of Modern Art

Edouard Manet

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Edouard Manet

Music in the Tuileries Gardens

1862

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Edouard Manet

Music in the Tuileries Gardens

1862

Manet’s painting \'Music in the Tuileries Gardens\' at first seems to record an everyday scene from modern life – a disorganised crowd listening to an open-air concert. The artist has in fact carefully composed a cultural ‘self-portrait’ as the work contains numerous identifiable sitters, including Manet himself.

http://www.royalacademy.org.uk/exhibitions/manet/events-and-resources/key-to-music-in-the-tuileries-gardens-1862,979,MA.html

Also, how did this painting show the influence of the birth of photography during that time? (Hint: See what happens to the depiction of people along the edges of the work)

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Edouard Manet

Luncheon on the Grass

1863

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Edouard Manet

Luncheon on the Grass

1863

Manet had borrowed ideas from well-known artworks. Why then was there a huge outcry against his work?

Giorgione / Titian

Pastoral Concert

c. 1510

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Edouard Manet

Luncheon on the Grass

1863

Marcantonio Raimondi

Judgement of Paris

c. 1515

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Edouard Manet

Luncheon on the Grass

1863

Read:

http://www.musee-orsay.fr/index.php?id=851&L=1&tx_commentaire_pi1%5BshowUid%5D=7123

http://modernism.research.yale.edu/wiki/index.php/Le_d%C3%A9jeuner_sur_l\'herbe_(Luncheon_on_the_Grass)

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Edouard Manet

The Railroad

1872-73

How is this painting capture the time and place in which Manet worked in?

http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/pjmanet.htm

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IMPRESSIONISM

- How did the term Impressionism come about?

- When did this movement develop?

- Who were the artists involved in this movement?

- What were their aims?

- How was their style(s) like?

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What does Impression mean/suggest?

Sketch

Lack of realism

IMPRESSION

Blurred

A moment in time

Vague

Quick/fast

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Claude Monet

Impression: Sunrise

1872

Oil on canvas, 48 x 63cm

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How are the two works which depict the same subject matter different?

Claude Monet

Impression: Sunrise

1872

Claude Lorrain

Seaport with the embarkation of the queen of sheba

1648

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Subject:Misty view of seaport at sunrise

Hurried & vigorous brushwork/dabs

Predominant use of orange

Dispersed/ all-over composition

AIM: To capture an instantaneous sensation -- the shimmering surface of water, caring less about detail.

No distinction between foreground, middle ground nor background.

Claude Monet

Impression: Sunrise

1872

This work changed the concept of a ‘completed’ artwork. A ‘sketch’ is now deemed by Monet as worthy of exhibiting

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“What does the canvas depict? Look at the catalogue.”

“Impression: Sunrise”

“Impression -- I was sure of it. I was just telling myself that, since I was impressed, there had to be some impression in it… and what freedom, what ease of workmanship! Wall-paper in its embryonic state is more finished than this seascape.”

~ Louis Leroy

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The Key Impressionists

Edgar Degas (1834 -- 1917)

Claude Monet (1840 -- 1926)

Auguste Renoir (1841 -- 1919)

Mary Cassatt (1844 -- 1926)

Camille Pissarro (1830 -- 1903)

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2 main groups:

  • Landscape: Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley
  • - Figure: Edgar Degas, Auguste Renoir, Mary Cassatt
  • Aim:
  • Objective transcription of the world
  • To study the effect of light on objects & people.
general characteristics of impressionists
General Characteristics of Impressionists:
  • - Clear, bright colours

~ Concept of complementary colours

  • - Short, choppy brushwork / dabs
  • - ‘Snapshot’ composition
  • - Sketchy quality

Claude Monet

The Poppy Field

1873

Oil on canvas

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The Influence of Japanese Woodcut prints on Impressionist artists

Hokusai Katsushika

Great Wave off Kanagawa

1823-9

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Hiroshige Ando

Cherry Blossom at Arashiyama

Impressionists applied the flat, bright colors, and asymmetrical compositions of woodcuts to their paintings.

Kitagawa Utamaro

The Three Models

leader of the impressionists
Leader of the Impressionists

Claude Monet

1840 -1926

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This painting depicts a popular boating and bathing establishment with an adjacent floating café, on the Seine near Bougival to the west of Paris. In the summer of 1869 Monet was living near La Grenouillère with his mistress, Camille, and their son. Working alongside Renoir, he painted sketches of the scene in a very fresh and direct manner, possibly in preparation for a slightly larger canvas, now lost.The exceptionally free handling of Monet\'s painting may in part be due to the canvas being a sketch for what was to be a more ambitious composition painted back in the studio. He uses broad areas of colour to indicate the boats moored in the shadows, while dots in the lighted water in the background represent a party of bathers in the river.

Claude Monet

Bathing at La Grenouillere

1869

http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/claude-oscar-monet-bathers-at-la-grenouillere

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Claude Monet

Bathing at La Grenouillere

1869

Detail

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Claude Monet

La Grenouillere

1869

Oil on canvas, 74.6 × 99.7 cm

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Claude Monet

The Rue Montorgueil, Paris

1878

Oil on canvas, 81x50cm

Detail

See:

http://www.musee-orsay.fr/index.php?id=851&L=1&tx_commentaire_pi1%5BshowUid%5D=7081

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1880s, Monet began to experiment with series of pictures that allowed him to capture the changes from one time to another.

- Devoted himself to capturing the flux of nature

Series:

Trains arriving at the Gare Saint Lazare, Rouen Cathedral, haystacks, poplars and waterlilies

The changing conditions of light – affected by atmosphere, time of day, and season remained his theme

http://www.learn.columbia.edu/monet/swf/

Claude Monet

Rouen Cathedral Series

1890

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Claude Monet

Haystacks Series

1891

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Claude Monet

Water Lilies

1906

Read:

http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/16568

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