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MUL 2720 “Music of the World”. Section 0001 – (Class Nbr.: 81080) Meets Monday, Wednesday & Friday 11:30 am - 12:20 pm “Comm 0116” (Communications Bldg, NE of Union). Scott Warfield Assoc. Prof. of Music History. Office: Colbourn Hall 201J Email: [email protected]

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MUL 2720“Music of the World”

Section 0001 – (Class Nbr.: 81080)

Meets Monday, Wednesday & Friday

11:30 am - 12:20 pm

“Comm 0116”

(Communications Bldg, NE of Union)


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Scott Warfield Assoc. Prof. of Music History

Office: Colbourn Hall 201JEmail: [email protected]


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Important Web Sites for MUL 2720

Course Home Page:http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~swarfiel/MUL2720/2720home.html

Syllabus:http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~swarfiel/MUL2720/2720syllabus.html

My personal home page:http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~swarfiel/


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What is “Music”?

(Try writing your own definition.)


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“Organized Sounds and Silences”– John Cage (American Composer)

“The rational organization of sounds and silences as they pass through time.”–Craig Wright (Yale University)

(but what parameters of sound can you “organize”?)


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The 4 Parameters of Sound

  • PITCH = the frequency of vibration (heard as “high” vs. “low”)

  • DURATION = the length of time a sound lasts (heard as aspects of rhythm)

  • TIMBRE = tone color (the source of the sound, i.e., instrument, voice, other)

  • DYNAMICS = Loudness/Softness


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Timbre

  • Pronounced “tam-ber”

  • Also known as “tone color”

  • The aspect of sound that makes a trumpet different from a flute

  • Literally, the source of a sound

  • Technically derives from the “shape” of the sound wave (don’t need to know this)


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Sources of Musical Sounds

  • Human Voices (probably the earliest way humans made music)

  • Musical Instruments (devices or “tools” for making and controlling sounds)

  • “Other” sources, e.g., “natural” sounds, electronic devices (synthesizers), etc.


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Voices & Voice Ranges

  • Soprano – high female

  • Alto – low female

  • Tenor – high male

  • Bass – low male (watch the spelling)

  • Others? (mezzo soprano, contralto, baritone, bass-baritone, etc.)

  • “SATB”


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Western Families of Instruments

  • Woodwinds (flute, clarinet, saxophone, etc.)

  • Brass (trumpet, trombone, tuba, etc.)

  • Strings (violin, ‘cello, guitar, harp, etc.)

  • Percussion (drums, cymbals, xylophone, etc.)

  • “Other” (piano, organ,synthesizer, etc.)


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Erich Hornbostel & Curt Sachs

  • Organology – study of musical instruments

  • Based on neutral or “scientific” description

  • Construction and structure of instrument

  • Playing techniques

  • Cf. Carolus Linnaeus (1707-78) & taxonomy of living organisms


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Hornbostel-Sachs Classifications

  • Aerophones

  • Chordophones

  • Membranophones

  • Idiophones


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