History of American Farm Technology

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16th- 18th Centuries. 18th. CenturyOxen and horses for power,Crude wooden plows, all sowing by hand, cultivating by hoe,Hay and grain cutting with sickle, and threshing with flail. 1776-99. 1790's- Cradle and scythe introduced.1793-Invention of cotton gin.1794-Thomas Jefferson's moldboard tested. 1797-Charles Newbold patented first cast-iron plow..

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History of American Farm Technology

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1. History of American Farm Technology

3. 1776-99 1790s- Cradle and scythe introduced. 1793-Invention of cotton gin. 1794-Thomas Jeffersons moldboard tested. 1797-Charles Newbold patented first cast-iron plow.

4. 1800-1829 1819-Jethro Wood patented iron plow with interchangeable parts. 1819-25-U.S. Food canning industry established.

5. 1830s 1830-About 250-300 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels (5 acres) of wheat.

6. 1830s 1834 McCormick reaper patented. 1834-McCormick reaper patented. John Lane began to manufacture plows faced with steel saw blades.

7. 1830s 1837-John Deere and Leonard Andrus began manufacturing steel plows. Practical threshing machine patented

8. 1840s 1840s-The growing use of factory-made agricultural machinery increased farmers need for cash and encouraged commercial farming.

9. 1840s 1841-Practical grain drill patented. 1842-First grain elevator, Buffalo, NY 1844-Practical mowing machine patented 1847-Irrigation begun in Utah 1849-Mixed chemical fertilizers sold commercially.

10. 1850s 1850-About 75-90 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn (2 acres) 1850-70 Expanded market for ag. Products brought adoption of improved technology and resulting increases in farm production.

11. 1850s 1854-Self-governing windmill perfected. 1856-2-horse straddle-row cultivator patented.

12. 1860s Change from hand power to horse. The first Ag. Revolution. 1865-75 Gang plows and sulky plows came into use. 1868-Steam tractors were tried out. Spring-tooth harrow or seedbed preparation appeared.

13. 1870s 1870s -Silos came into use. 1870s-Deep-well drilling first widely used. 1874-Glidden barbed wire patented. Availability of barbed wire allowed fencing of rangeland, ending era of unrestricted open-range grazing.

14. 1880s 1880-William Deering put 3,000 twine binders on the market. 1884-90-Horse-drawn combine used in Pacific coast wheat areas.

15. 1890s 1890-95 Cream separators came into wide use. 1890-99-Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer:1,845,900 tons.

16. 1890s 1890s- Agriculture became increasingly mechanized and commercialized. 1890-35-40 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn (2 acres.)

17. 1900s 1900-1909-Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer:3,738,300 tons. 1900-1910-George Washington Carver, pioneered in new uses for peanuts, sweet potatoes, and soybeans, thus helping to diversify southern agriculture.

18. 1910s 1910-1915-Big open geared gas tractors came into use in areas of extensive farming. 1915-20 Enclosed gears developed for tractors. 1918-Small prairie-type combine with auxiliary engine introduced.

19. 1920s 1920-1929-Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer:6,845,800 tons. 1920-40 Gradual increase in farm production resulting from expanded use of mechanized power. 1926- Successful light tractor develop.

20. 1930s 1930-39 Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer:6,599,913 tons. All-purpose, rubber-tired tractor with complementary machinery came into wide use.

21. 1930s 1930-One farmer supplied 9.8 persons in the United States and abroad. 15-20 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn.

22. 1940s One farmer supplied 10.7 persons in the United States and abroad. 1941-45 Frozen foods popularized. Spindle cotton produced commercially.

23. 1940s 1945-Change from horses to tractors-The second great ag. Revolution. 10-14 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn.

24. 1950s 1950-59-Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer: 22,340,666 tons. 1950-One farmer supplied 15.5 persons in the U.S. and abroad.

25. 1950s 1954-Number of tractors on farmers exceeded the number of horses and mules for first time. 1955- 6 labor hours required to produce 100 acres of wheat.

26. 1960s 1960-One farmer supplied 25.8 persons in the United States and abroad. 1965-5 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels of wheat. 1965-Federal loans and grants for water/sewer systems began.

27. 1970s 1970s No-tillage ag. popularized. One farmer supplied 75.8 persons in the U.S. and abroad. 1975-3 hours labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn.

28. 1980-1990 1980s-More farmers use no-till or low till. 1987 2 hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn (1 1/8 ac.) 1989-More farmers began to use low-input sustainable agriculture, to decrease chemical applications.

29. Special Thanks To the U.S.D.A. In the production of this presentation

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