16th- 18th Centuries. 18th. CenturyOxen and horses for power,Crude wooden plows, all sowing by hand, cultivating by hoe,Hay and grain cutting with sickle, and threshing with flail. 1776-99. 1790's- Cradle and scythe introduced.1793-Invention of cotton gin.1794-Thomas Jefferson's moldboard tested. 1797-Charles Newbold patented first cast-iron plow..
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1. History of American Farm Technology
3. 1776-99 1790ís- Cradle and scythe introduced.
1793-Invention of cotton gin.
1794-Thomas Jeffersonís moldboard
1797-Charles Newbold patented first cast-iron plow.
4. 1800-1829 1819-Jethro Wood patented iron plow with interchangeable parts.
1819-25-U.S. Food canning industry established.
5. 1830ís 1830-About 250-300 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels (5 acres) of wheat.
6. 1830ís 1834 Ė McCormick reaper patented.
1834-McCormick reaper patented.
John Lane began to manufacture plows faced with steel saw blades.
7. 1830ís 1837-John Deere and Leonard Andrus began manufacturing steel plows.
Practical threshing machine patented
8. 1840ís 1840ís-The growing use of factory-made agricultural machinery increased farmersí need for cash and encouraged commercial farming.
9. 1840ís 1841-Practical grain drill patented.
1842-First grain elevator, Buffalo, NY
1844-Practical mowing machine patented
1847-Irrigation begun in Utah
1849-Mixed chemical fertilizers sold commercially.
10. 1850ís 1850-About 75-90 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn (2 Ĺ acres)
1850-70 Expanded market for ag. Products brought adoption of improved technology and resulting increases in farm production.
11. 1850ís 1854-Self-governing windmill perfected.
1856-2-horse straddle-row cultivator patented.
12. 1860ís Change from hand power to horse. The first Ag. Revolution.
1865-75 Gang plows and sulky plows came into use.
1868-Steam tractors were tried out.
Spring-tooth harrow or seedbed preparation appeared.
13. 1870ís 1870ís -Silos came into use.
1870ís-Deep-well drilling first widely used.
1874-Glidden barbed wire patented.
Availability of barbed wire allowed fencing of rangeland, ending era of unrestricted open-range grazing.
14. 1880ís 1880-William Deering put 3,000 twine binders on the market.
1884-90-Horse-drawn combine used in Pacific coast wheat areas.
15. 1890ís 1890-95
Cream separators came into wide use.
1890-99-Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer:1,845,900 tons.
16. 1890ís 1890ís- Agriculture became increasingly mechanized and commercialized.
1890-35-40 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn (2 Ĺ acres.)
17. 1900ís 1900-1909-Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer:3,738,300 tons.
1900-1910-George Washington Carver, pioneered in new uses for peanuts, sweet potatoes, and soybeans, thus helping to diversify southern agriculture.
18. 1910ís 1910-1915-Big open geared gas tractors came into use in areas of extensive farming.
1915-20 Enclosed gears developed for tractors.
1918-Small prairie-type combine with auxiliary engine introduced.
19. 1920ís 1920-1929-Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer:6,845,800 tons.
1920-40 Gradual increase in farm production resulting from expanded use of mechanized power.
1926- Successful light tractor develop.
20. 1930ís 1930-39 Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer:6,599,913 tons.
All-purpose, rubber-tired tractor with complementary machinery came into wide use.
21. 1930ís 1930-One farmer supplied 9.8 persons in the United States and abroad.
15-20 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn.
22. 1940ís One farmer supplied 10.7 persons in the United States and abroad.
1941-45 Frozen foods popularized.
Spindle cotton produced commercially.
23. 1940ís 1945-Change from horses to tractors-The second great ag. Revolution.
10-14 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn.
24. 1950ís 1950-59-Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer: 22,340,666 tons.
1950-One farmer supplied 15.5 persons in the U.S. and abroad.
25. 1950ís 1954-Number of tractors on farmers exceeded the number of horses and mules for first time.
1955- 6 Ĺ labor hours required to produce 100 acres of wheat.
26. 1960ís 1960-One farmer supplied 25.8 persons in the United States and abroad.
1965-5 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels of wheat.
1965-Federal loans and grants for water/sewer systems began.
27. 1970ís 1970ís No-tillage ag. popularized.
One farmer supplied 75.8 persons in the U.S. and abroad.
1975-3 Ĺ hours labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn.
28. 1980-1990 1980ís-More farmers use no-till or low till.
1987 2 ĺ hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn (1 1/8 ac.)
1989-More farmers began to use low-input sustainable agriculture, to decrease chemical applications.
29. Special Thanks To the U.S.D.A. In the production of this presentation