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Regulatory Framework in Europe. Titus Spoelstra Wim van Driel CRAF URL: “Counter” for issues. Administrations of sovereign states are the bodies mandated for frequency management and executing regulation of spectrum use.

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regulatory framework in europe

Regulatory Framework in Europe

Titus Spoelstra

Wim van Driel



counter for issues
“Counter” for issues
  • Administrations of sovereign states are the bodies mandated for frequency management and executing regulation of spectrum use.
  • Administrations act autonomous or in coordination with other Administrations at regional or global scale
global regulatory frame
Global Regulatory Frame

Global Organization (in UN family):

International Telecommunication Union – ITU:

  • Radio Regulations – International Treaty
  • Updated in World Radiocommunication Conferences – WRCs
regional regulatory frame
Regional Regulatory Frame
  • Per ITU Region (CEPT, CITEL, APT, …)
  • Regulation within ITU Radio Regulation’s framework
european players
European ‘players’
  • Administrations
  • CEPT - Conference of European Posts and Telecommunications Administrations
  • EC - European Commission
  • Standardization Institutes
  • Other interested parties
  • “any governmental department or service responsible for discharging the obligations undertaken in the Constitution of the International Telecommunication Union, in the Convention of the International Telecommunication Union and in the Administrative Regulations” (ITU Constitution – Annex 1002).
tasks of administration
Tasks of Administration
  • Regulated by national telecom-law:
    • Application of national frequency policy
    • Enforcement of regulations
    • Protection of interests of private and public users of radio frequencies
cept conference of european posts and telecommunications administrations
CEPT - Conference of European Posts and Telecommunications Administrations
  • Established in 1959
  • pan-European body of policy-makers and regulators:
    • radiocommunication, telecommunication, post
  • 44 member countries (2002)
  • Membership: Administrations, regional organizations
role of cept
Role of CEPT
  • European policy on electronic communications activities in a European context, taking account of European and international legislation and regulations
  • develop European common positions and proposals for use in the framework of international and regional bodies
  • plan and harmonise the efficient use of the radio spectrum, satellite orbit, and numbering resources in Europe, so as to satisfy the requirements of European users and industry;
  • approve Decisions and other deliverables;
  • implement the strategic decisions of the CEPT Assembly;
  • seek guidance from the CEPT Assembly as and when necessary, and propose issues for consideration by the Assembly;
  • the ECC should also establish contacts with equivalent organisations outside Europe.
regional regulations in europe
Regional Regulations in Europe
  • European Common Allocation Table (CEPT harmonization over Europe)
  • Decisions, Recommendations and Reports (CEPT)
  • Regulatory Directives (EC)
  • Standards (ETSI, CENELEC)
european union

Member States (15) delegate sovereignty to independent institutions which represent the interests of the Union as a whole, its member countries and its citizens. The Commission upholds the interests of the Union as a whole, while each national government is represented within the Council, and the European Parliament is directly elected by citizens.

This "institutional triangle" is flanked by two other institutions: the Court of Justice and the Court of Auditors. A further five bodies make the system complete.

European Union
european commission
European Commission
  • Driving force in the Union\'s institutional system:
  • draft legislation and presents legislative proposals to Parliament and the Council;
  • implementing the European legislation (directives, regulations, decisions), budget and programmes adopted by Parliament and the Council;
  • represents the Union on the international stage and negotiates international agreements, chiefly in the field of trade and cooperation.
  • enforce Community law (jointly with the Court of Justice)
european commission 2
European Commission - 2
  • The "Commission" is a political body.
  • It is assisted by an administration comprising general services (Secretariat-General, Legal Service, Eurostat, etc.)
  • and the Directorates-General (DGs), each of which is headed by a Director-General answerable to the relevant Commissioner.
relation cept ec
Relation CEPT - EC
  • CEPT: voluntary cooperation between Administrations
  • EC: treaty based cooperation
  • MoU CEPT-EC on frequency regulatory issues: mandate delegated to CEPT
  • Result: different legal status of ‘products’:

- CEPT: ‘binding’ for Administrations that adopted CEPT Decisions and Recommendations

- EC: binding regulation for whole EU

standardization institutes
Standardization Institutes
  • ETSI – European Telecommunications Standards Institute (radiocommunication matters)
  • CENELEC - European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation(EMC matters)
  • CEN - European Committee for Standardisation
  • Created by CEPT in 1988
  • Facilitate the integration of thetelecommunications infrastructure
  • Assure the proper inter-working of future telecommunications services
  • Achieve the compatibility of terminal equipment,
  • Create new pan-European telecommunications networks
etsi 2
ETSI - 2
  • Membership:

- Administrations, Administrative Bodies and National Standards Organisations,

- Public Network Operators,

- Manufacturers,

- Users,

- Private Service Providers, Research Bodies, Consultancy Companies/Partnerships and others.

  • Activities similar to ETSI but primarily on issues of Electromagnetic Compatibility, EMC
role of standardization institutes
Role of standardization institutes
  • “Development of standards”

- note: standard is voluntary agreement or ‘tool’ to facilitate industry. It is not legally binding.

relation of etsi cenelec with cept
Relation of ETSI/CENELEC with CEPT
  • Work on standard development after CEPT has approved the frequency selection when relevant.
  • Draft system reference documents and draft standards need approval of CEPT before official publication
other interested parties
Other interested parties
  • CRAF – Committee on Radio Astronomy Frequencies
  • EBU – European Broadcasting Union
  • ESA – European Space Agency
  • IARU – International Radio Amateur Union
  • NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization
role of other parties in cept
Role of other parties in CEPT

When having formal observer status:

  • Participation in work of CEPT: European issues, development of European positions (for e.g. WRCs): strongly favored by CEPT
  • Meetings open for CEPT ECC participation
role of other parties in ec
Role of other parties in EC
  • Parties representing industrial interest are well served by/in EC
  • Formally science services and space service receive attention but in practice have no reception in EC
role of other parties in etsi and cenelec
Role of other parties in ETSI and CENELEC
  • Active participation by parties representing industry
  • No participation by parties from science services (membership too expensive)
some current issues 2002
Some current issues (2002)
  • Preparation WRC-03
  • Ultra-Wideband (UWB)/Short Range Radar
  • Power Line Communication
  • Broadcasting re-planning (T-DAB/S-DAB)
  • UMTS/IMT2000 developments
  • European Common Allocation Table (ECA)
concluding remarks
Concluding remarks
  • In Europe, frequency regulation is managed by CEPT (under MoU with EC)
  • CEPT guidelines provide national Administrations with ‘instruments’ for harmonized European frequency management
  • CRAF participates actively in this process (collaboration/communication with national Administrations and at CEPT level)
esf committee on radio astronomy frequencies

ESF Committee on Radio Astronomy Frequencies

Wim van Driel chairman

Titus Spoelstra frequency manager

E-mail: [email protected]


craf in europe
CRAF in Europe
  • started in 1987
  • ‘expert committee’ of European Science Foundation in 1988
  • in 2002: 17 member countries, 3 organisations (EISCAT, ESA, IRAM)
european radio astronomy
European radio astronomy
  • CRAF member countries: 17

(not participating: Greece, Ukraine)

  • 40 radio observatories
  • frequency range: 13 MHz - 275 GHz

(= whole ITU allocation range)

  • European VLBI network
  • Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe
relation with the conference of european post and telecommunication administrations cept
Relation with the Conference of European Post and Telecommunication Administrations, CEPT
  • observer status in CEPT
  • participation in CEPT work at various levels:
participation in cept work
Participation in CEPT work
  • ECC Working Group FM
  • ECC Working Group SE
  • various FM and SE project teams
  • development of CEPT WRC positions
  • via CEPT communicate with other organizations (e.g. NATO, IARU)
relation with european commission
Relation with European Commission
  • Incidentally only: CEPT handles frequency management issues in Europe
relation with european telecommunication standards institute etsi
Relation with European Telecommunication Standards Institute, ETSI
  • In consultation processes
relation with administrations
Relation with Administrations
  • support radio astronomy at a

national level

craf publications
CRAF publications
  • CRAF Handbooks for

- Radio Astronomy (1997)

- Frequency Management (2002)

  • CRAF Newsletter (2-4 per year)
  • All can be downloaded from the


craf global
CRAF - global
  • Collaboration/coordination with IUCAF
  • Liaison with CORF
  • ITU-R sector member