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Mussolini. Fascism and Benito Mussolini. Fascism takes its name from the Italian "Fascisti," a movement led by Benito Mussolini.

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Fascism and benito mussolini
Fascism and Benito Mussolini.

  • Fascism takes its name from the Italian "Fascisti," a movement led by Benito Mussolini.

  • A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.

  • In 1922, when Mussolini came to power in Italy, he became the first Fascist dictator in Europe.


Fascism italy
Fascism  Italy

  • Italy was a poor country by European standards. She lost more than 600,000 men in World War I.

  • At Versailles, many of her territorial claims went unfulfilled.

  • After WWI it suffered economic depression and mass unemployment Social unrest spread.

  • In the cities, strikes broke out in heavy industries. In the countryside. peasants burned crops and destroyed livestock.


Fascism
Fascism

  • Meanwhile, armed bands of discontented young men. many of them ex-soldiers, roamed the streets, brawling with Communists and other workers, with the tacit support of the police.

  • Most prominent among these street bands were the Fascists, who adopted the black shirt as their emblem.


Mussolini1
Mussolini

  • In the 1924 elections, the Fascists used intimidation and strong-arm methods to suppress opposition.

  • From 1925 on, Mussolini consciously set out to establish a totalitarian state, giving the Fascist Party complete domination over all facets of Italian life. Clip


In October 1922, Mussolini mobilized his Blackshirts for a March on Rome. Mussolini's forces converged on the capital, while he remained at a safe distance in Milan.e


Il duce
Il Duce March on Rome. Mussolini's forces converged on the capital, while he remained at a safe distance in Milan.

Mussolini was declared Premier.

The Fascists had come to power legally.


Mussolini political career
Mussolini: Political Career March on Rome. Mussolini's forces converged on the capital, while he remained at a safe distance in Milan.

  • 1932-36 middle class suffer with global depression: Mussolini invades Ethiopia as a distraction-”Italian Empire.

  • Radical Revolutionary

  • 1912 Leader of a socialist party: quickly rose to the top.

  • 1936 Mussolini and Hitler become allies “Rome-Berlin axis”

  • Opportunist 1922: left the socialist (traitor) party to lead the fascist party (Black Shirts)

  • 1924 becomes “ll Duce”


Italy under mussolini
Italy under Mussolini March on Rome. Mussolini's forces converged on the capital, while he remained at a safe distance in Milan.

  • Italy became a corporate state; gov’t controlled all aspects of manufacturing, agriculture, transportation, commerce.

    • Each had a government representative, The theory worked for a time.

    • Required a strong military and police force, allowed for private ownership of the land.

    • Goals:

      • Wanted to make Italy a world power. To carve out his own empire in the Mediterranean. To make the Mediterranean Sea into an “Italian Lake”. Clip



Adolf Hitler Axis”

Benito Mussolini


Mussolini (1883 - 1945) and Clara Axis”Petacci's body hung up and exposed for insult in Milan, with those of other fascists, Favolini and Teruzzi. They were caught by Italians at Donga, on Lake Como, and were tried and shot.


Benito mussolini
Benito Mussolini Axis”

  • Controlled Italy as a fascist dictator

  • Joined Hitler in WWII

  • When the war was over he fled


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