The Rise of Islam. 600 C.E. -1200’s C.E. Middle East, ca. 600 A.D. The Eastern Mediterranean. By this time,The lands of Rome had been overtaken by the Goths and Vandals and the East Roman Empire (Byzantine) was spreading its influence into northern territories.
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600 C.E. -1200’s C.E.
The Byzantine EmpireDuring the Reign of Justinian
-father and mother died by age six
-raised by an impoverished uncle
-tradition: invited by the Jews of Medina
-Abu Bakr, then Oman
-then Uthman and
Great Mosque at Cordoba (Spain), eighth to tenth centuriesCenter of learningCordoba from Damascus/ Spanish Umayyads/ later Abbasids controlled
Dome of the Rock, Damascus
Temple Mount Jerusalem
750 - 1258
Seljuks to the Delhi Sultanate
A Short Preview
Osman I (Othman): 1299-1326 Damascus
The Golden Age of the Ottomans Damascus
Tamerlane (1336-1405) Damascusor “Timur, the Lame
Mehmet I: 1413-1421 Damascus
Mehmet II: 1444-1445; 1451-1481 Damascus
Golden Horn – 15c Damascus
The Fall of Constantinople: 1453 Damascus
Hagia Sophia Damascus
Hagia Sophia - interior Damascus
Social / MilitaryDivans
Heads of IndividualReligious Millets
Local Administrators& Military
Landowners / Tax Collectors
Few conflicts with Christians Damascus
Rival Muslim groups had claims to dynastic rule
Recruited Christian children for army (devsirme)
Arabic and Ottoman languages
Created a separate class with allegiance to sultan
Palace schools and governors or janissariesOttoman Society
The Swahili Coast
Islam DamascusAn Abrahamic Religion
Peoples of the Book
Abraham’s Genealogy Damascus
12 Arabian Tribes
12 Tribes of Israel
The Prophetic Tradition Damascus
Eid Mubarak Damascus
End of the Ramadan holiday.
The Great Mosque of Mecca Damascus
The DamascusDar al-Islam
The Worldof Islam
The Mosque Damascus
Mount Moriah Rockwhere Muhammad ascended into heaven.
600 C.E. -1200’s C.E.