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The Rise of Islam. Oasis Towns and Desert Life . Farming was Practiced near oases Nomadic Bedouins made raids on grazing territories Mecca was on the crossroads of 2 main caravan routes

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Oasis towns and desert life
Oasis Towns and Desert Life

  • Farming was Practiced near oases

  • Nomadic Bedouins made raids on grazing territories

  • Mecca was on the crossroads of 2 main caravan routes

  • People came to pray at the Shrine of Abraham which had been filled with statues of local gods and goddesses


The prophet muhammad
The Prophet Muhammad

  • Islam was born in the 600s AD

  • He was born in Mecca 570, and was raised by his uncle

  • Shepherded with the Bedouins

  • At 25 he married Khadija, an older widow

  • At 40 he was praying in a cave and is said to have received a vision to proclaim the one true God

  • He went to Medina in 622

  • Defeated the Meccans and returned in 630 AD to destroy the idols in the Kaaba (Shrine of Abraham)

  • Muhammad dies in 632, Abu Kakr is named the first caliph


The message of islam
The Message of Islam

  • God is called Allah

  • Strictly Monotheistic

  • Quran (Koran) is the holy book, written in Arabic for accuracy

  • No priests mediate between God and the people

  • Tolerance for Jews and Christians (“People of the Book”)


Changes for women in islam
Changes for Women in Islam

  • Early women seen as equals spiritually

  • Later Arabs adopted purdah from the Persians

  • Women had less rights


Discussion question
Discussion Question

  • What is your opinion about citizens not being treated equally? How do you think this effects life for Islamic women?


5 pillars of faith
5 Pillars of Faith

  • ALL MUSLIMS MUST PRACTICE THEM

  • 1. Shahadah-confession of faith

  • 2. Salah- pray five times a day

  • 3. Zakat- give a sum of money to charity each year

  • 4. Ramadan- fasting during the day for one month

  • 5. Hajj- journey or pilgrimage to Mecca


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