six sigma quality engineering
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Six Sigma Quality Engineering

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

six sigma quality engineering - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Six Sigma Quality Engineering. Week 5 Chapters 5 (Measure Phase). Variable Gauge R&R. “Data is only as good as the system that measures it. If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it.”. The Science of Measurement.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'six sigma quality engineering' - Olivia

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
six sigma quality engineering

Six Sigma Quality Engineering

Week 5

Chapters 5 (Measure Phase)

Variable Gauge R&R

“Data is only as good as the system that measures it. If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it.”

the science of measurement
The Science of Measurement

“I often say that when you measure what you are speaking about and express it in numbers, you know something about it.”


He clearly stressed that little progress is possible in any field of investigation without the ability to measure. The progress of measurement is, in fact, the progress of science.

  • Measurement Systems Analysis
  • Key Terminology
  • Variable Gauge R&R
    • A tool for estimating measurement system error
    • How to conduct a gauge R&R
    • Minitab Output
  • Gauge R & R Study Exercise
  • Variable Data
    • Continuous measurements such as length, voltage, viscosity
  • Repeatability
    • Variation in measurements obtained with one gage when used several times by one appraiser.
  • Reproducibility
    • Variation in the average of the measurements made by different appraisers using the same measurement system.
what is gr r
What is GR&R?

Measurement Systems Analysis

How good is our measurement system?

2T = 2p + 2m

2T = Total Variance

2p = Process Variance

2m = Measurement Variance


possible source of variation

Observed Process Variation

Actual Process Variation

Measurement Variation

Long-term Process Variation

Short-term Process Variation

Variation within

a Sample


due to



due to Operators






Possible Source of Variation
variable gauge r r what s involved
Variable Gauge R&R - What’s Involved?

3 Appraisers

1 Gauge

10 Parts

how to set up a variable grr study
How to set up a Variable GRR Study
  • Preparation & Planning
  • 1 Gauge
  • 3 Operators (Appraisers)
  • 10 Parts
  • 3 Trials
  • Randomize the readings
  • Code the parts (blind study) if possible
  • 3 Ops x 10 parts x 3 trails = 90 Data Points
  • 4 Ops x 10 parts x 3 trails = 120 Data Points
minitab gage r r graphical output
Minitab Gage R&R Graphical Output

The number of distinct categories of parts that the process is currently able to distinguish (Must distinguish at least 5 types of parts)

acceptability criteria
Acceptability Criteria
  • R&R Indices
    •  10% Acceptable Measurement System
    • 10% - 30% May be acceptable based upon application, cost of measurement device, cost of repair, etc.
    •  30%Not acceptable. Measurement system needs improvement.
  • Number of Distinct Categories Index
    • 1 Unacceptable. One part cannot be distinguished form another.
    • 2 -4 Generally unacceptable
    •  5 Recommended

Module 0025