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L5-CHARTS The charts enclosed have been created by Marc LAUER for the CyberAvia Training Center (CTC). They are provided to you by courtesy of Fabrice ERDINGER, President CyberAvia , French virtual airline and partner of IVAO (partnership registered at IVAO-France).

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L5-CHARTS

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L5 charts l.jpg

L5-CHARTS

The charts enclosed have been created by Marc LAUER for the CyberAvia Training Center (CTC).

They are provided to you by courtesy of Fabrice ERDINGER, President CyberAvia, French virtual airline and partner of IVAO (partnership registered at IVAO-France).

These charts show an airport diagram, a SID, a STAR and an instrument approach for LFTW - NIMES-Garons, France. NIMES is the CyberAvia VA and CTC home base.

The drawing is a little bit different from the Jeppesen standard. However, this lesson should help you understanding any type of approach charts since all standards have many similarities. You will also find some details about aircraft categories, specific runway distances, lighting systems etc...

Remark : a printed version of this file (only 6 pages) will be easier to read.


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ARP coordinates (= airfield coordinates).

Airport Diagram

ALT - AD: 308 ft

GARONS Gnd : 121.800

NIMES – Garons (LFTW)

43°45’27’’ N - 004°25’03’’ E

Radio frequency to be used.

Magnetic declinaison (calculated in 1995) = 1° west.

Rwy 18 is equipped with approach lights.

10 02 2000

DEC 1° W (95)

178°

Threshold 18 altitude.

MM

CABLE

NIMES is a mixed civilian/military airfield. Two cables are available for hook equipped aircraft.

GP = Glide Path

Position of GP antennas (part of the ILS materializing the glide path).

Milatary Area

Civilian Area

ILS - GP

PKG MIL

302

PAPI = Precision Approach Path Indicator. The slope here is 3°.

PAPI 3°

TERMINAL

H = Helipad

NIMES has two helipads.

One for military helicopters just in front of the tower.

One for Securite Civile and civilian helicopters on the east side of the runway.

CABLE

Runway length and width (could be in feet)

HANGARS

HANGARS

CYBERAVIA

HANGARS

TODA = Take Off Runway Available

2440 m

TODA = Take Off Distance Available

2440 m

ASDA = Acceleration-Stop Dist. Avail.

2530 m.

LDA = Landing Distance Available

2440 m

These indications are important when there are displaced thresholds (not the case here).

H

SECURITE

CIVILE

TWR

HANGARS

ARP

H

RUNWAY

2440 x 45 m

PAPI 3°

PKG MIL

ARP = Aerodrome Reference Point

CABLE

LLZ = Localizer

Position of LLZ antennas (part of the ILS materializing the runway centerline) .

308

NIM TACAN

Runway surface = concrete

Runway strength = 55 t by gear

ILS - LLZ

500 m 0 1000 m

HI = High Intensity

LI = Low Intensity

LI lighting is omnidirectional and has only one intensity (low).

HI lighting is unidirectional and has several intensities (very low-low-medium-high-very high)

900 m = approach lights length.

NIL = nothing – none for rwy 36.

358°

ALTITUDES IN FEET

  • Airfield open to those categories :

  • - A like helicopters, Pa28, C182, DHC6

  • - B like B1900, Learjet, C160, E121

  • - C like A310, B727/737, MD80

  • D like A330/340, B747/767, DC10

  • Do not take-off if vis < 250 m (cat ABC) or 300 m (cat D).

  • Aircraft categories are defined according to landing speed Vat = 1.3 x Vso (Vso is stall speed with gear and full flaps out) :

  • A – Vat < 90 kt

  • B – Vat 91 to 120 kt

  • C – Vat 121 to 140 kt

  • D – Vat 141 to 165 kt

  • E – Vat > 166 kt (Concorde)

LIGHTING DISTANCES Surface TKOF MINIMA (meters)

Rwy Approach Rwy TORA TODA ASDA LDA Strength Cat A Cat B Cat C Cat D

HI OACI Concrete

18900 mHI/LI 2440 2440 25302440 250 250 250 300

36 NILHI/LI 2440 2440 25302440 55 RCWT 250 250 250 300

OBSERVATIONS :

MISC :

RWY 18/36 :Threshold HI/LI

REIL HI/LI

Cables : 280 m beyond thld 18

260 m beyond thld 36

TWY : Concrete

PKG : Concrete

Thld 18 : 43°46’08.6’’ N - 004°25’00.2’’ E

Thld 36 : 43°44’51.3’’ N - 004°25’05.8’’ E

FOR SIMULATION PURPOSES ONLY

DO NOT USE FOR REAL NAVIGATION

REIL = Rwy End Identifier Lights


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Minimum Vectoring

Altitudes

NIMES – Garons (LFTW)

MVA

MVA = Minimum Vectoring Altitudes

08 02 2000

TA = Transition Altitude

Change alt setting from QNH to standard 1013 or 29.92 when crossing TA (during climb).

TA : 5000

DEC 1° W (95)

MTL 112.70

MEN 115.30

Magnetic declinaison (calculated in 1995) = 1° west.

CTA = Control Area

Controlled airspace usually high and established above a CTR. When not a CTA, this kind of airspace is usually a TMA = Terminal Control Area.

RHONE S/CTAs (there are several) extend from 2000 ft to FL 195.

CTR = Control Zone

Controlled airspace including one or several airports and which lower limit is the surface.

NIMES S/CTR extends from surface to 2000 ft.

S/ = Specialized

Specialized means the airspace are managed by military controllers for both military and civilian aircraft.

RHONE S/CTA is under the responsability of ISTRES APP (French Air Force).

NIMES S/CTR is under the responsability of NIMES APP (French Navy).

S/CTA RHONE - S/CTR NIMES

6600

35 NM

MVA

These are minimum vectoring altitudes into RHONE S/CTA and NIMES S/CTR.

That means the controller can’t give any altitude clearance lower than the MVA indicated for each sector. An aircraft coming from VALMA will be initially cleared to 6600 ft until it reaches 35 NM inbound. Then to descend lower wait :

- 35 NM for 5000 ft.

- 25 NM for 3300 ft.

- 20 NM for 3000 ft .

- 14 NM for 2000 ft.

These MVA ensure the aircraft will not touch the ground when approaching.

This chart is more useful for controllers than for pilots. However, pilots can check controllers are not bringing them too far and too low.

VALMA

25 NM

3300

5000

20 NM

MOLEN

3000

14 NM

NG 354

NIMES-GARONS

LUNEL

2000

FJR 117.40

VARES

RHONE

NIM Ch53X

DME 111.60

MARRI

MTG

117.30

SALIN

FOR SIMULATION PURPOSES ONLY

DO NOT USE FOR REAL NAVIGATION

ALTITUDES IN FEET


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Instrument Approach

CAT. A B C D

NIMES – Garons (LFTW)

STAR

Airfield open to those categories :

- A like helicopters, Pa28, C182, DHC6

- B like B1900, Learjet, C160, E121

- C like A310, B727/737, MD80

- D like A330/340, B747/767, DC10

STAR = Standard Terminal Arrival Route

Standard Arrival Procedures

08 02 2000

TA : 5000

DEC 1° W (95)

MTL 112.70

TA = Transition Altitude

Transition level provided by ATC according to TA and altimeter setting.

Change from 1013 or 29.92 to local altimeter setting given by ATC (during descent).

Magnetic declinaison (calculated in 1995) = 1° west.

MEN 115.30

MOLEN 2

MOLEN 2

For this STAR :

- from MTL, hdg 202° to MOLEN descending 3000 ft mini.

- passing MOLEN (19 NM NIM), maintain hdg 202° and descend 2000 ft mini to NG.

See also details about holding pattern entries on a following slide.

131°

32

6600

247° MTL

35

DA 402

440359N

0040832E

VALMA 2

Name of the STAR. When authorized to proceed according to a STAR, you are supposed to know it (if not, ask for radar vectors) and follow chart instructions.

Here is VALMA 2 :

- from MEN, hdg 131° to VALMA descending 6600 ft mini.

- passing VALMA, maintain hdg 131° and descend 5000 ft mini.

- at 25 NM inbound NIM, descend 3000 ft to NG.

You must comply with these instructions unless otherwise instructed by the controller (for regulation purposes for instance). However, never descend below the altitude specified for the route you are on. They have been calculated to avoid collision with the ground.

Distances are indicated also :

MEN - VALMA = 35 NM

VALMA - NG = 35 NM

3000

VALMA

441400N

0034721E

202°

131°

5000

VALMA 2

NG 354

435126N

0042423E

19 NM NIM

MOLEN

440319N

0043046E

25 NM NIM

2000

35

3000

13

HOLDING L NG

2000 - FL 70

Inbnd 178° Left

1 min - 220 KIAS

2000

Reporting points coordinates are indicated so that you can program your FMS or GPS.

NIM Ch53X

DME 111.60

15

050°

2000

LUNEL 2

LUNEL

434122

0040845E

10

34

2000

29

RHONE 2

2000

FJR 117.40

328°

355°

RHONE

442309N

0045040E

119° FJR

25 NM

271° MTG

MARRI 2

This STAR is an alternative to RHONE 2 when area R108A is active.

RHONE 2 route crosses the R108A area belonging to ISTRES APP. In case the area is active, aircraft coming from MTG can’t use RHONE 2 STAR, they are rerouted via MARRI 2.

MARRI

432305N

0042827E

If R108 A active

Holding pattern specifications.

- L NG = Locator named NG

- minimum altitude = 2000 ft

- maximum level = FL 70

- inbound leg = hdg 178°

- left pattern (counter clockwise)

- leg length : 1 min

- max IAS in knots : 220

MTG 117.30

MARRI 2

SALIN

FOR SIMULATION PURPOSES ONLY

DO NOT USE FOR REAL NAVIGATION

ALTITUDES (HEIGHTS) IN FEET


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LOCATOR - ILS procedure for Rwy 18.

Airfield open to those categories :

- A like helicopters, Pa28, C182, DHC6

- B like B1900, Learjet, C160, E121

- C like A310, B727/737, MD80

- D like A330/340, B747/767, DC10

Instrument Approach

CAT. A B C D

NIMES – Garons (LFTW)

L - ILS RWY 18

ILS frequency and callsign

APP : RHONE Control 120.350

APP : GARONS Approach 124.900

TWR : GARONS Tower 123.200

08 02 2000

ILS

NG 109.10

DEC

1°W

(95)

  • Minimum Holding Altitude 2000 ft

  • Max IAS is 220 kt

  • Max holding altitude is 7000 ft

  • Inbound leg 178°, left turn

  • - Outbound leg 378°, 1 minute

Radio frequencies to be used

189°

ALT - AD : 308, Thld : 302

MHA 2000

Max IAS : 220 kt

ZP : 7000

Minimum Safe Altitude

For instance, if joining NG with a heading between 189° and 309°, the minimum altitude you can descend to and remain sure not to hit the ground or an obstacle within 25 NM from NG is 3000 ft.

5000

NIMES TACAN.

A TACAN is a military VOR/DME.

Military aircraft use the TACAN channel 53X for radials and DME (doesn’t work in FS)

Civilian aircraft can only use the DME signal from 111.6 on NAV 1 or 2 (radials not available).

Sometimes, a VORTAC (mixed TACAN and VOR, not the case here) is available. Civilians get radials from VOR and DME from TACAN.

3000

2000

178°

059°

309°

1 min

2000

358°

MSA 25 NM NG

IAF = Initial Approach Fix

This is the start point of an instrument approach procedure. Very often, the IAF is also a fix for the holding pattern as you can see here.

The IAF is the Locator NG, 354 kHz.

IAF

OM

NG 354

178°

MM

NIM Ch53X

DME 111.60

The continuous lines are for the arrival procedure and the holding pattern.

The dotted line is for the missed approach procedure. A maximum speed (IAS) is often specified for the missed approach (220 kt here).

MAPT = Missed Approach Point

Start point of the missed approach procedure (for LOC GS out apch).

The MAPt is the Middle Marker (MM).

OM = Outer Marker

2 NM NIM

Max IAS 220 kt

ALTITUDES (HEIGHTS) IN FEET

Missed approach details

The missed approach procedure is always fully described.

FAF = Final Approach Fix

This is the point at which you have to start the descent when proceeding for a localizer approach (glide slope unserviceable). The FAF is NG again.

TA : 5000

FAF LOC

GS out

NG

MM

MAPT

LOC gs out

NIM

OM

Missed Apch : Climb straight ahead to D2.0 NIM TAC then turn right to NG (max IAS 220 kt) climbing to 2000 ft (1698).

LEFT

2000

(1698)

Circle-to-land (also known as CIRCLING)

A maneuver executed when approaching a runway and landing on another one.

NIMES has no instrument procedures for Rwy 36. If wind is for runway 36 and weather is bad (no visual approach available), you have to perform the instrument approach Rwy 18 and, instead of landing with tail wind, break right and land runway 36. This is a circle-to-land.

178°

MDA

5.2 %

1550

(1248)

DA = Decision Altitude (for ILS)

If you don’t have the runway in sight (or cannot land safely) when reaching 510 ft, execute the missed approach procedure.

Minimum visibility for this procedure is 550 meters

MDA = Minimum Descent Altitude (for LOCALIZER apch, Glide Slope out)

Idem when reaching 590 feet.

Minimum visibility is 800 or 1200 m

DA

Distance Rwy 18 (NM) 5.3 3.7 0.5

Distance NIM TACAN (NM) 6.7 5.1 1.9

DA / MDA in feet, RVR/VIS in meters

CAT

A

B

C

D

DA

510

RVR

550

MDA

590

RVR

800

1200

MDA

740

810

930

1010

VIS

1500

1600

2400

3600

FOR SIMULATION PURPOSES ONLY

DO NOT USE FOR REAL NAVIGATION

ILS LOC (GS out) Circle-to-land

Observations : Circling maneuvers prohibited east of airport

70 kt 85 kt 100 kt 115 kt 130 kt 160 kt 185 kt

OM–Rwy 18 3.7 NM 3 min 10 2 min 37 2 min 13 1 min 56 1 min 42 1 min 23 1 min 12

Time necessary for flying from outer marker to threshold runway 18.

Example : 1 min 56 sec at 115 kt


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ENTRY INTO THE HOLDING

According to your heading for joining the IAF, you can start the approach procedure directly or you have to execute a maneuver to bring your aircraft towards the IAF on a heading that enables you to start the approach procedure. You may have the same situations for entering a holding pattern. There are 3 entry maneuvers according to the sector you are coming from. These sectors are defined according to a 70° angle with the inbound leg, on the holding side as shown below. Let’s see some examples with the IAF NG, which is also the fix for the holding pattern :

MTL-MOLEN

Hdg 202°

70°

70°

70°

1

MEN-VALMA

Hdg 131°

30°

178°

178°

178°

358°

IAF

IAF

CM 369

Hdg 263°

NG 354

358°

358°

NG 354

OM

178°

OM

OM

178°

178°

3

IAF

MM

70°

NG 354

MM

MM

2

2 NM NIM

FJR-LUNEL

Hdg 050°

RHONE

Hdg 328°

2 NM NIM

MARRI

Hdg 355°

Max IAS 220 kt

Max IAS 220 kt

Max IAS 220 kt

SECTOR 1 – DIRECT ENTRY

When coming from MTL-MOLEN or MEN-VALMA

When reaching the IAF (NG), start the procedure if authorized by ATC or perform a holding pattern.

SECTOR 2 – OFFSET ENTRY

When coming from FJR-LUNEL

When reaching the IAF (NG), choose a heading giving a 30° angle with the inbound leg, on the holding side (here hdg 028°).

Maintain this heading (028°) as long as specified for the holding (1 min here) then turn to join the inbound leg (here, a left turn to NG).

When reaching the IAF again (NG), start the procedure if authorized by ATC or perform a holding pattern.

SECTOR 3 – PARALLEL ENTRY

When coming from RHONE, MARRI or CM

When reaching the IAF (NG), take the outbound heading as long as specified for the holding (358° for 1 min here).

Then turn on the holding side to join directly the IAF or holding fix (NG).

When reaching the IAF again (NG), start the procedure if authorized by ATC or perform a holding pattern.


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Instrument Approach

CAT. A B C D

NIMES – Garons (LFTW)

SID RWY 18

SID = Standard Instrument Departure

Also known as DP (Departure Procedure)

Airfield open to those categories :

- A like helicopters, Pa28, C182, DHC6

- B like B1900, Learjet, C160, E121

- C like A310, B727/737, MD80

- D like A330/340, B747/767, DC10

08 02 2000

TA : 5000

DEC 1° W (95)

MTL 112.70

Magnetic declinaison (calculated in 1995) = 1° west.

TA = Transition Altitude

Change alt setting from QNH to standard 1013 or 29.92 when crossing TA (during climb).

MEN 115.30

DA 402

440359N

0040832E

32

Reporting points coordinates are indicated so that you can program your FMS or GPS.

MOLEN 1

247° MTL

35

VALMA

441400N

0034721E

022°

VALMA 1

Name of the SID. When authorized to proceed according to a SID, you are supposed to know it (if not, ask for radar vectors) and follow chart instructions.

Here is VALMA 1 :

- climb straight ahead.

- when passing 700 ft QNH (400 ft QFE), right turn heading 339° towards DA.

- continue climbing up to FL given in departure clearance.

- intercept MEN radial 131° (at 18 NM from NIM) and continue on heading 311° to VALMA.

- at VALMA, maintain haeding 311° to MEN.

Distances are indicated also :

Take-off - R131° MEN = 26 NM

18 NM NIM - VALMA = 22 NM

VALMA - MEN = 35 NM

Your departure clearance could be :

« FL 90 VALMA 1 squawk 1501 »

This means your are cleared for a standard departure VALMA 1, climbing up to FL 90 and squawking 1501.

311°

22

VALMA 1

19 NM NIM

NG 354

435126N

0042423E

MOLEN

440319N

0043046E

18 NM NIM

13

131° MEN

339°

26

15

NIM Ch53X

DME 111.60

MARRI 1

This an alternative SID when the R108A area is active.

RHONE 1 route crosses the R108A area belonging to ISTRES APP. In case the area is active, aircraft departing to MTG can’t use RHONE 1 SID, they are rerouted via MARRI 1.

279°

080°

LUNEL 1

16

LUNEL

434122N

0040845E

10

31

230°

22

RHONE 1

FJR 117.40

700 (400)

148°

175°

RHONE

442309N

0045040E

119° FJR

25 NM

271° MTG

MARRI

432305N

0042827E

If R108 A active

MTG 117.30

MARRI 1

SALIN

FOR SIMULATION PURPOSES ONLY

DO NOT USE FOR REAL NAVIGATION

ALTITUDES (HEIGHTS) IN FEET


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