Consonants and vowels. John Goldsmith . Kinds of phonetics. Transcribing: descriptive phonetics? transcriptional phonetics? No standard name. Articulatory phonetics Acoustic phonetics Perceptual phonetics (Psychology) Computational phonetics (CS). Articulatory apparatus.
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Consonants: first, the stops:
When we need to emphasize
that we are using a phonetic
transcription, we put square
brackets [b] around the symbols.
I as in bit
Ɛ as in bet
æ as in bat
as in put
ʌ as in putt
as in bought
a or ɑas in Mott, ma, spot
ǝ “schwa” as in aboutShort vowels
Sounds can be divided into two major groups, consonants and vowels; or set along a continuum known as the sonority hierarchy:
The crucial points of articulation for English consonants are:
Obstruents: language, knowing that that language chose one set of sounds when a vast range of other possibilities might have been chosen.
graphics thanks to
Kevin Russell, Univ of Manitoba
“Hi” /haj/ http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/music/vocres.html
we were away a year ago