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Sleep Stages. Professor Ken Daley Department of Exercise and Sport Science. Two Major Types of Sleep. Non-REM (non-rapid eye movement) REM (rapid eye movement). Transition From Waking State. “beta waves” to “alpha waves” eyes moving spontaneously in a slow rolling eye movement.

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sleep stages

Sleep Stages

Professor Ken Daley

Department of Exercise and Sport Science

two major types of sleep
Two Major Types of Sleep
  • Non-REM (non-rapid eye movement)
  • REM (rapid eye movement)
transition from waking state
Transition From Waking State
  • “beta waves” to “alpha waves”
  • eyes moving spontaneously in a slow rolling eye movement.
  • Their heart and respiratory rates vary depending on the individual.
  • The individual has spontaneous movements (i.e. changing positions to become comfortable).
non rem rapid eye movement
Non-REM (rapid eye movement)
  • most of the muscles relax, body systems take a rest, and the brain waves associated with wakefuleness and alertness disappear and are replaced by increasingly slow, deep waves of inactivity.
  • accounts for 70% of the total sleep time of a young adult
4 stages of nrem sleep
4 stages of NREM sleep
  • STAGE 1:
    • takes 5-10 minutes
    • less aware of their surroundings
    • May waken by a whisper, or noise.
    • Are relaxed, breathing is more regular and there is more slow, rolling eye movement noticed.
    • May have "hypnogogic expriences" - dream-like sensations of falling, hearing voices, or seeing flashes of pictures.
    • first stage of true sleep
    • 50% of total sleep
    • Stages 1&2 lasts about 30 minutes
    • Sleep spindles and K-complexes characterize this sleep stage.

Sleep Spindles


STAGE 3 and 4
    • very relaxed state with a slow, regular heartbeat and respiratory rate.
    • Their muscles are very relaxed.
    • It is very difficult to arouse a patient in “Slow Wave Sleep”.
    • If awakened, you are confused and slow to react.
    • It is normally easy to go back to sleep.
Growth hormone is secreted. This hormone in children encourages growth.
  • The body is believed to carry out most of its repair work.
  • A healthy young adult spends about 7% sleep time in stage 3 and 11% in stage 4
rem rapid eye movement
REM (rapid eye movement)
  • eyes move in a rapid, flickering, twitching motion while their eyelids are closed.
  • The EMG leads are still as the patient is temporarily paralyzed during this stage. This temporary paralysis includes the respiratory muscles, except for the diaphragm.
It is suggested that this paralysis is a clever device that lets the mind explore the realms of its subconscious, while preventing us from acting out dream events.
  • Blood flow to the brain is increased during this stage of sleep. In children, may help enable the brain to grow and in adults to repair itself.
Healthy young adults first experience REM sleep within 90 minutes of sleep of falling asleep.
  • It recurs about every 90 minutes throughout the night and each time it recurs, we spend a little bit longer in this stage.

The EEG waveforms include

“sawtooth waves” and waveforms

that have sharp rapid "deflections"

(hence the term, Rapid Eye Movements).

have a good sleep
Have a good sleep

But Not In Class