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ZigBee. A very low cost, low power consumption two-way, wireless communications standard for automation, toys, & PC peripherals. Cellular technologies. WLAN technologies. PAN technologies. Wireless Connectivity Industry Outlook. 2000. Range Meters. GSM. GPRS. 10,000. Ricochet. 1,000.

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Zigbee l.jpg

ZigBee

A very low cost, low power consumption two-way, wireless communications standard for automation, toys, & PC peripherals


Wireless connectivity industry outlook l.jpg

Cellular technologies

WLAN technologies

PAN technologies

Wireless Connectivity Industry Outlook

2000

Range

Meters

GSM

GPRS

10,000

Ricochet

1,000

HomeRF

OpenAir

100

802.11b

RF-Lite

Bluetooth

Bandwidth

kbps

10

10

100

1,000

10,000

100,000


Wireless connectivity industry outlook3 l.jpg
Wireless Connectivity Industry Outlook

2000

2000

2001-2

Range

Meters

GPRS

EDGE

GSM

10,000

Ricochet

1,000

802.11b

HomeRF

OpenAir

100

RF-Lite

Hiper

LAN/1

Bluetooth

Bandwidth

kbps

10

10

100

1,000

10,000

100,000


Wireless connectivity industry outlook4 l.jpg
Wireless Connectivity Industry Outlook

2000

2000

2001-2

Range

Meters

2003-4

GSM

GPRS

EDGE

3G

10,000

Ricochet

1,000

HomeRF

802.11a

RF-Lite

OpenAir

100

Hiper

LAN/2

Bluetooth 2.0

Bluetooth

Bandwidth

kbps

10

10

100

1,000

10,000

100,000


Industry outlook l.jpg

802.11a standard ratified 2002/03

HiperLAN 1 ratified in 1996

First 802.11a products on the market

ZigBee ratified (802.15.4)

RF-Lite (ZigBee)

SIG created

802.11b standard ratified

ZigBee Products on the market

HiperLAN 1 products on the market

HiperLAN 2 standard ratified in 2000

BT 2.0 standard rolled out

BT special interest group becomes public, and BT 1.0 initial specs released

1st BT devices on market, BT 1.1 standard rolled out

HiperLAN 2 will premier

Industry Outlook

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003


Network clusters will grow in the home l.jpg
Network Clusters will grow in the Home

Pre 2001 Model

TV

VCR

Audio System

STB

Camcorder...

SATELLITE

TERRESTRIAL

CABLE

OWN CONTENT

PHONE

AV Net

PC

Printer

Scanner...

MODEM

PC Net

xDSL

Phone

Fax...

Tel Net

Environmental

Security

Medical

Domestic app…

H.Auto Net


Network clusters will interconnect inter operate in home and away l.jpg

Entertainment

Productivity

GATEWAY

H.Auto Net

Network Clusters will Interconnect/inter-operate in Home and Away

2001 Model and beyond

TV

VCR

Audio System

STB

Camcorder...

SATELLITE

TERRESTRIAL

CABLE

xDSL

PHONE

BB Wireless

PC

Printer

Scanner...

Phone

Fax

Environmental

Security

Medical

Domestic app…


Bom node price development based on dataquest instat and bma communications l.jpg
BOM/Node Price Development based on Dataquest, Instat and BMA Communications

$

  • New technologies will lead to a sharp demand decrease in cost for the different applications

  • Sharp demand decrease leads on the other hand to step increase in customer demand

  • For 2000/1,

    • <300kps; BOM < $6.00

    • <22Mbps; BOM < $20-30

    • >22Mbps; BOM < $60-70

  • For 2003/4,

    • <300kps; BOM < $2.50

    • <22Mbps; BOM < $8-18

    • >22Mbps; BOM < $20-35



Example market sectors l.jpg
Example Market Sectors

·

Mouse

·

TV

·

Keyboard

·

VCR

·

Joystick

·

DVD

Consumer

Gamepad

·

·

CD

·

Electronics

·

Remote

·

Personal

PC

Healthcare

Peripherals

·

Monitors

Low-End Radio

·

Diagnostics

·

Sensors

Devices

·

·

Security

Home

·

PETs

·

HVAC

Automation

Toys &

·

Gameboys

·

Lighting

·

Educational

·

Closures

Games

·

·


Market size low data rate no bt l.jpg
Market Size – Low Data Rate (No BT)

Source: ABI, Dataquest, Internal


Market segmentation 2000 2004 l.jpg
Market Segmentation 2000 - 2004

  • Industrial Applications will drive initial

  • market

  • Home Environment will become

  • Important

  • Over time, there will be varied

  • Applications (Other)


Target applications 1 l.jpg
Target Applications 1

  • Desktop PCs and Home Entertainment Systems (Home Theatre TV)

    • Computer peripherals;

    • HID devices

  • Video conference equipment

    • Remote control

  • Video gaming equipment

    • Multi-player PC & video games

    • Playing a PC DVD game in front of a TV monitor

  • Remote controls for audio and video equipment

  • PC Enhanced & stand alone toys

    • In-room coverage

    • Home+yard coverage


Target applications 2 l.jpg
Target Applications 2

  • Home appliances/general consumer electronic devices

    • Existing home security systems, electrical & heating systems

    • Wireless door and opening monitoring, system control

    • Wireless Keypads

    • Smoke and flame detectors

    • Lighting and remote control of appliances in the home;

      • Blinds/Shades

      • Pool/Spa equipment

      • Garage door openers

    • Voice Control

  • New device categories that have not yet been developed, such as news tablets, and keyboards with built-in displays


Success factors l.jpg
Success Factors

  • Low cost

  • Data type support

  • Ease of installation

  • Reliable data transfer

  • Short range operation

  • Reasonable battery life

  • Unlicensed band

  • Unrestricted geographical use

  • Global implementation

  • Governmental regulations


Protocol features l.jpg
Protocol Features

  • Master/slave topology

  • Automatic network configuration

  • Dynamic slave device addressing

  • Virtual peer-to-peer links (pairing)

  • Full handshaking for packet transfers

  • Power management features

  • Up to 254 (+ master) network nodes


Protocol features cont l.jpg
Protocol Features Cont...

  • CSMA-CA channel access mechanism

  • 15ms frame structure

  • TDMA slots can be allocated

  • 28kbps & 250kbps data throughput

  • Service discovery

  • Low impact internet capability


Frequency bands l.jpg
Frequency Bands

2400.0

2483.5

2446.5

2475.0

  • 2.4GHz ISM band

    • Channel spacing: 4MHz

    • F = 2404 + 4k MHz with k = 0, 1, …, 25

    • Common band:

      • USA, Europe including France and Spain

      • 2446.5 – 2475.0 MHZ

      • k = 15, …, 22; equals 8 channels

  • 915MHz ISM band USA only

  • 868MHz Europe

USA

Europe

Spain*

France*

Japan*

Common

* Harmonization with FCC in progress


Raw bit rates l.jpg
Raw Bit Rates

  • 250kbps

  • 28kbps low bit rate option:

    • Trade data rate for extra range via coding

    • Over air bit rate remains 250kbps

    • Longer preamble and SOP

      • reliable synchronisation at low SNR


Range estimation meters l.jpg
Range Estimation (meters)

Approx. x2

Using Firefly TRD/RSI propagation model


Summary l.jpg
Summary

Solution that effectively addresses the needs of the target market place with:

  • Low data rate (<250Kbps)

  • Low cost (~ BT/2)

  • Very low power (6 months - 2 years on 2 AA batteries.)

  • Network Solution


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