Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown (1881 Birmingham -1955 London). His Understanding and Views of Social Anthropology: - Social anthropology is the theoretical natural science of human society. - One may call it ’comparative sociology’.
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His Understanding and Views of
- Social anthropology is the theoretical natural science of human society.
- One may call it ’comparative sociology’.
- from 1910 onwards, sociological approach (Durkheim, Steinmetz, Westermarck)
- The task of the anthropologist is simply to provide scientific appraisal of the situation which the administrator faces, not to advocate policies.
- sudden move a way from Rivers and Hadon ( regarded genealogies of native by Rivers as failure)
-devotion to natural sciences, basically humanitarian and French
- Cultures (societies) are like organisms and should be studied by the methods of natural sciences (biology, zoology). Also: “ Societies are not organisms;they do not experience parturition nor death” ( Kuper 1996:47)
- Social structure is a reality ( Kuper 1996:50), not deducted but observed.
- social structures are in flux, social forms are comparatively stable (Kuper 1996:52)
Coaptaion = mutual adjustment of the interests of the members of a society - common set of ways of feeling and thinking
- Laws of social change are deduced from laws of continuity and thus secondary in importance
- Law of the necessity of functional consistency