OBESITY PREVENTION. A COMMUNITY APPROACH. Simple Messages That Influence Complex Behaviors. Increase physical activity Eat more nutritious food and smaller portions Stop smoking. We all have influence in some spheres – or on many spheres. Individual – your family’s decisions
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A COMMUNITY APPROACH
Individual – your family’s decisions
Social/Organizational– church or organization leadership
Public Policy - serving on a school/health board or on a state committee.Spheres of Influence
Get More Physical Activity spheres.
If you had a drug that would improve your mood, decrease your stress, help you lose weight, improve almost any health problem that you already had – would you take it?
Physical Activity: spheres.
Adults – 30 min. a day, Children – 60 min. a day
Eat More Fruits and Vegetables spheres.
After 20 minutes your heart rate drops.
After 12 hours, the CO level in your blood drops to normal.
After 2 weeks to 3 months, your heart attack risk begins to drop and your lung function begins to improve.
After 1 to 9 months your coughing and shortness of breath decrease.
After 1 year, your added risk of coronary heart disease is ½ that of a smoker’s.
Support efforts to stop smoking and
eliminate secondhand smoke
Support efforts to stop smoking and spheres.
eliminate secondhand smoke
The benefits of stopping smoking are immediate:
After 5 years, your stroke risk is reduced to that of a nonsmoker’s 5-15 years after quitting.
After 10 years, your lung cancer death rate is about ½ that of a smoker’s and your risk of cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, bladder, kidney, and pancreas decreases.
After 15 years, your risk of coronary heart disease is back to that of a nonsmoker’s.
Quit Smoking – Help Others to Quit spheres.
Free, statewide, telephone-based, one-on-one proactive counseling program
For smokers and non-smokers who’d like to help
For more information email or call RaeAnne Davis at the KY Tobacco Prevention and Cessation Program
(502) 564-7996 ext. 3858Individual Sphere
increases a smoker’s chances of stopping smoking when they do decide to quit
Improves the indoor air quality of the air people breath every day
Improves health of family and friends around you.Smoke outside – Encourage others to smoke outside
Times are changing… spheres.
At one point in time, smoking was allowed in such places as airplanes and no one thought twice about it. Doctors were even portrayed in advertisements to encourage patients to smoke for their health. Not anymore.
Everyday, more cities, states, and countries are creating 100% smoke-free environments. The social norms surrounding smoking are changing.Support Clean Indoor Air Ordinances
Secondhand smoke contains over 4,000 chemical compounds and at least 60 are known carcinogens.
U.S. EPA labels secondhand smoke as a Class A carcinogen (the same as asbestos).
When Lexington, KY became 100% smoke-free it was written by the Supreme Court of Kentucky that, “…the protection of public health is uniformly recognized as a most important municipal function. ‘It is not only a right but a manifest duty of a city.’”Community and Policy Sphere
Not only does smoking result in loss of health, it contributes to the economic loss of Kentucky.
Every year, more than 8,000 Kentuckians die from tobacco-related diseases.
Each year, $1.2 billion in Medicaid and Medicare funds is being spent treating Kentuckians for illnesses worsened or caused by tobacco use. In other words, $300 is coming out of the pockets of each of the 4 million people living in KY due to tobacco use.Tackling Tobacco Makes Sense on an Economic Basis
Every 10% increase in the price of cigarettes, reduces youth smoking by close to 7% and reduces overall consumption by 3%-5%.
A $0.75 increase in Kentucky’s cigarette excise tax would have significantly decreased youth smoking. Although a $0.27 increase is a step in the right direction, it is not enough.Community and Policy Sphere
“First, in addition to reducing tobacco use, we must advocate for public health in other areas, such as obesity…The ball is in your court. The future of health care is in your hands. The question is... Are you ready?”
– John C. Nelson, MD, MPH, President, AMA (West Virginia State Medical Association Healthcare Summit 2004)Spheres of Influence
Available Through the advocate for public health in other areas, such as obesity…The ball is in your court. The future of health care is in your hands. The question is... Are you ready?”
Kentucky Department of Public Health and
KMA Web sites
Exercise Fact Sheets for People With Chronic Disease and sedentary individuals
High Blood Pressure