US Foreign Policy during the Civil War

US Foreign Policy during the Civil War PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Uncle Tom's Cabin in America. The novel discusses the life of a slave beaten to death by his master and the fear of being

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US Foreign Policy during the Civil War

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1. US Foreign Policy during the Civil War Emily Jones and Ellie New

2. Uncle Tom’s Cabin in America The novel discusses the life of a slave beaten to death by his master and the fear of being “sold down the river.” This broke up slave families. It increased the tension between North and South Effected the attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the United States It is known as the sectional conflict of the Civil War Lincoln was known to quote “So this is the little lady who made this big war.”

4. Uncle Tom’s Cabin effect in England In England, the novel, along with the Emancipation Proclamation, brought support for the North from the working class because of their sympathy for the slaves England thought that if the North won the war then slavery would be abolished Uncle Tom’s Cabin was the reason Britain did not intervene on South’s behalf during the Civil War because of the working peoples hostility. The upper class supported the South because of their income coming from the cotton production.

5. The Trent Affair The British relied on the South for cotton so when the South seceded they thought that they would have the support of the foreign nations The Trent Affair was an international incident during the Civil War On November 8, 1861 the commander of the USS San Jacinto, Charles Wilkes, stopped a British ship,The Trent, and removed two Confederate men, James Mason and John Slidell that were

7. Laird Rams There was only two of these special ships ever made and that was in 1863. These were Confederate ships built in the Great Britain shipyard of John Laird and Sons, hence the name. They were ironclad steam powered rams that came to an iron point in the front. These ships also held large-caliber guns. THEY WERE CONSIDERED FAR MORE DANGEROUS THAN THE ARMED ALABAMA. The idea of the front point was to ram the other ship, hoping it would sink. The ships were finally going to be a part of the Confederate navy. This was prohibited however, when American minister Charles Francis Adams warned the British government that if delivered it would cause a war with the North. At the last moment the London government bought the ships for the Royal Navy. This made everyone happy except, of course, the Confederates.

9. Economic Aspect When Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793, he revolutionized the cotton industry by introducing the idea of interchangeable parts. The South became the leading producer of cotton among the nations and was the main supplier to Britain, France, and the North. As the Civil War began the North put a blockade on the South, only allowing a certain amount of products through the blockade. Because the South had had over-productive years before the Civil War, the British factories had an abundant supply of cotton. They were debating the issue of intervention on the South’s behalf, when they hit hard times with unemployment and hunger. Since the North had KING WHEAT AND KING CORN and send food to Britain, Britain obviously had to choose food over jobs. As a result the Egyptian and Indian cotton growers stepped up to replace the South’s position as the cotton supplier. In this way Britain was able to overcome the harsh times.

10. The Alabama Ships such as the Alabama were built in British shipyards for the Confederates. They would leave the shipyards unarmed but pick up weapons at another port. This particular ship left in 1862 and traveled to the Portuguese Azores, where it received its weapons and sailors from two trailing British ships. The Alabama sailed from Europe all the way to the Far East. Altogether this ship caught over 60 Yankee ships. This delighted the British but aggravated the North, because it had to chase the ship on “wild goose” chases. The ship was finally sank in French waters in 1864.

11. The Alabama Effects Although the ship was buried under miles of water, it still raised issues. After the concern of retaliation and how these ships could one day be used against the nation were brought to the governments attention, Britain tried to stop the production of them. However noble or selfish the British reasons were for stopping the making of these ships, the damage had already been done and ships were already out there. These commerce-destroyers as they were called caught more than 250 Northern ships.

12. Monroe Doctrine This document was written by James Monroe’s Secretary of State John Quincy Adams. Monroe presented it to congress on December 2, 1823. It was a warning to the oversea nations of non-colonization and nonintervention of the western hemisphere. Why is this important?

14. Mexico Takeover In 1863, Napoleon III of France violated the Monroe Doctrine by sending the French army to invade Mexico City. He did this in the hope that the Union would be destroyed in the Civil War and would not be able to defend the Monroe Doctrine Napoleon instilled Austrian archduke Maximilian as the emperor of the newly conquered Mexico. As soon as the war was over Secretary of State Seward gathered soldiers and prepared to march south. As soon as Napolean heard he took a “French leave”, and left Maximilian to be put in front of a Mexican firing squad.

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