But to a less ultimate degree, a technology will be created acting at ... Lakshmi Durga Saraswati. Arabia. Al-Uzza Al-Lat Manat. Uzza Allat (al-ilahat Goddess) Manat ...
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Slide 1:The First and Future Webs
1 International Workshop on Information Science Brasilia 5 December 2006 Kim H Veltman
Slide 2: Man would no longer need documentation if he were assimilated into an omniscient being - as with God himself. But to a less ultimate degree, a technology will be created acting at a distance and combining radio, X-rays, cinema and microscopic photography. Everything in the universe, and everything of man, would be registered at a distance as it was produced. In this way a moving image of the world will be established, a true mirror of his memory. From a distance, everyone will be able to read text, enlarged and limited to the desired subject, projected on an individual screen. In this way, everyone from his armchair will be able to contemplate creation, as a whole or in certain of its parts.
Paul Otlet, Monde: essaie d'universalisme -- connaissance du monde; sentiment du monde; action organisée et plan du monde Brussels, Editions du Mundaneum, 1935 http://www.laetusinpraesens.org/docs/otlethyp.phpPaul Otlet, La machine a penser le monde, 1943
Slide 4: Parts Minutes 1. Present 10 2. Past 50 3. Future 30
Slide 5:Part 1 Present WebIn 1964, Paul Baran studied 3 kinds of networks and suggested a distributed network as the best option. http://www.cybergeography.org/atlas/baran_nets_large.gif In 1992 Donna Cox and Robert Patterson (NCSA) visualized the Internet as a Web http://www.cybergeography.org/atlas/cox_1678_large.jpg Since then there have been many web like visualizations: e.g. J.A Brown et al.(2000). http://www.cybergeography.org/atlas/topology.html 1968 2 1990 1 million 50 million 200 million 1000 million Today 1086 million Fixed Internet Growth 131 GFlops 2000 2379 GFlops 2006 280600 GFlops 2008 1,600,000 GFlops Top 500 Computers Very Different Solutions are Being Explored. 1gramme of dried DNA can hold as much information as 1 trillion CDs. DNA takes shape, BBC News ,12 January 2000 In 1995 the Internet was 95% English. In 2004 it was 36.2 % English. Global Internet Statistics September 2004. http://www.glreach.com/globstats/ http://www.netvalley.com/languages_2001.gif In September 2006, the Internet was 28% English. http://www.glreach.com/globstats/ http://www.netvalley.com/languages_2001.gif There are visions of complete usage: e.g. European Schoolnet Vision http://www.elearningresults.com/ppt/stream%20H/H9%20CELEBRATE%20Simon_Assche_Pucci/20040514Sestri.ppt#341,13,Complete usage scenario Wikipedia is Growing Enormously and is now the largest Encyclopedia in history. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Size_of_Wikipedia New Plans 6 October 2006 Citizendium or Citizen's Compendium guided by expert editors, and contributors will be expected to use their own names, not anonymous pseudonyms. http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1 Full Text Scanning is Exploding in Size: Dates Volumes Project 1949-1974 52 Index Thomisticus Father Busa 1972 -2001 12,000 Thesaurus Linguae Graecae 1971- 16,000 Project Gutenberg Michael Hart 1990s- 125,000+ Pollard Chadwyck >Proquest 2000 1.5 million Dissertations Proquest 2001 1 million Books, Raj Reddy, CMU 2004 15 million Books, Google 2005-10 6 million Books, European Commission via BNF http://www.gutenberg.org/about/ Internet as Ethernet and Internet as a Cloud: sturtevant.com/reed/pres1.htm Internet as Ethernet and Internet as a Cloud: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/nhsitrc/resource/technology_prototype.html The Semantic Web is focussing on these addresses (URLS, URNS) to establish security. As a result the WWW acts as if the web of connections were effectively an Ether- net independent of objects in the physical world and different layers of reality. http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1 Meanwhile the Internet has spread beyond this cloud to include: Space Astronomy Earth Geography (GIS, GPS, UMTS) Oceans Oceanography http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1 Hubble Telescope Images heritage.stsci.edu/2005/12b/supplemental.html Microsoft Virtual Earth http://blog.searchenginewatch.com/blog/050523-125208 VENUS (Victoria Experimental Network Under the Sea) project http://blog.searchenginewatch.com/blog/050523-125208 Three Worlds: Virtual Heavens, Earth and Oceans and a WWW http://blog.searchenginewatch.com/blog/050523-125208 This is part of a larger trend to Map and Scan different worlds : 1. Metaphysical Philosophy, Religion 2. Mental Literature, Mathematics 3. Physical Space Astronomy Earth Geography Oceans Oceanography 4. Man Made Architecture 5. Social Sociology, Psychology http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1 The deeper challenges for Semantic Webs of the future lie in linking information and knowledge beyond the Ethernet clouds to these different: Levels of Reality Scales of Reality http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1 The Semantic Web has focussed on the logical truth of 1-1 links via URLS. A Semantic Web for Culture requires multiple sets of links which show how these 3 worlds are linked via many variants in terms of names and even explanations. http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1 Ideas for the deeper challenges of future webs are found in the earliest webs of language and knowledge in India and the East that are claimed to go back 10,000 years. http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1
Slide 32:Part 2 The First Webs
Slide 33:The idea of a web goes back to stories of creation.The Aksak dung beetle created first man and woman from clay www.crystalinks.com/ scarabs.html
Slide 35:In India the story of creation is told as the story of the creation of language.
Slide 36:One of their starting points was study of 3 Phases of Moon.
Slide 37:Man = like Sun Woman = like Moon 3 Worlds = 3 Goddesses =3 Phases Heaven Sarasvati Rhea Earth Parvati Hera Underworld Durga Demeter
Slide 38:3 phases of moon = 3 worlds = 3 phases of life: Heaven Sarasvati Young Earth Parvati Mother Underworld Durga CroneJuno Minerva Aphrodite Thus the monthly cycle entails either 2 x 15 days (30), 3 x 9 days (27) or of 4 x 7 days (28). Female India Young Woman Mature Woman Old Woman Kali Lakshmi Durga Lakshmi Durga Saraswati Arabia Al-Uzza Al-Lat Manat ‘Uzza Allat (al-ilahat Goddess) Manat Virgin Mother Visionary, witch Greece Aphrodite Hera Minerva Selene Artemis Hecate Luna Diana Persephone Persephone Demeter Hecate This inspires the Triple goddess in East and West.
Slide 41:In terms of Information architecture this points to a first need: we need to go beyond 1-1 “is a” statements to represent the complexities of the triple goddess as her name moves from East to West.
Slide 42:The mysteries of woman weave 3 ages of life 3 worlds with 3 x 3 = 9 threads.
Slide 43:In Sanskrit MAMA = Nutritive Principle which shows how 1 becomes 2 becomes 3.It also leads to triple symbolism: Moon, as nutritive force (Mama); as rooftop in Japan; as Triskell. [ii [i], h)]; i) as triskell [i] http://es.geocities.com/contraandrocentrismo/elam_india.html [ii] Photo by author from temple in Nikko. Cf. http://www.iecn.u-nancy.fr/~latocha/Photos/Japon15/Grand/triskell.jpgMama Symbol, Japanese Version and Triskell It also leads to triple symbolism: Labyrinths in Celtic Ireland; Trinacria in Sicily and variants in Celtic Northern France.
Slide 46:3 Worlds of Knowledge evolve in a Matrix in 7 Stages
Slide 47:Stages 1. ANAM Nameless 2. AGAM Inaccessible 3. ALAKSA Incomprehensible 4. AUM Vibration 5. Kala Time 6. Desh Space 7. Patra or Anu Individuation
Slide 48:Stage 1 is A ANAM NamelessStage 1 of Pre -creation results in one point. A The prime force is 1 with 3 forces potentially that will become 3 phases of the day. K A Downward force in the evening I +V sideways at noon > K. Upward force in the morning. ? ? ? I
Slide 51:Stage 2 is A AGAM InaccessibleStage 2 of Pre -creation results in two points. In terms of Geometry, Stage 2 results in a line.
Slide 54:Stage 3 is A ALAKSA IncomprehensibleStage 3a of Pre -creation results in 3 points as an upward triangle: A, Ka, Tha. In terms of the Sephiroth this entails 1, 2 and 3 http://www.aiwaz.net/kabbalah/sephiroth/sephiroth.htmwww.crystalinks.com/ tarot2.html Stage 3b of Pre -creation results in 3 points as a downward triangle In terms of the Sephiroth this becomes 2 and 3 and 6. http://www.aiwaz.net/kabbalah/sephiroth/sephiroth.htmwww.crystalinks.com/ tarot2.html In terms of Geometry this results in a Triangle.
Slide 60:Stage 4 is AUM Vibration Creative force: obscures Ever-UncreatedStage 4 of Pre -creation results in 4 points. In terms of the Sephiroth this effectively entails 2, 3, 4, 5 http://www.aiwaz.net/kabbalah/sephiroth/sephiroth.htmwww.crystalinks.com/ tarot2.html In terms of Geometry this lead to a first square that generates the matrix.
Slide 64:Stage 5 is Time Kal Change in the Ever-UnchangeableKala or Time entails 5 Points In terms of the Sephiroth this effectively entails 4,5, 6, 7, 8 http://www.aiwaz.net/kabbalah/sephiroth/sephiroth.htmwww.crystalinks.com/ tarot2.html These become the central spokes of Ginnungapap 1 — ???????, 2 — ???????????, 3 — ?????????, 4 — ??????, 5 — ????, 6 — ????????, 7 — ????????, 8 — ?????????????, 9 — ??????????. http://ginnungagap.narod.ru/wrlds.gif Kala or Time entails 5 Points which can be re-arranged. In geometry these five points generate a matrix of 4 squares. These four squares entail 9 points, which leads to 9 squares. This becomes the Indian matrix of 3x 3 (9 squares) linked with the image of a Tortoise or Kurma (avatar 2 of Vishnu). In China this tortoise becomes the Lo Shu Diagram also involving a matrix of 3 x 3 squares. A Geometrical version of same Chinese Diagram shows how the numbers always add up to 15 = 1 phase of the moon. A Geometrical version of same Chinese Lo Shu Diagram shows how the 9 (3x 3) squares produce 16 (4 x 4 dots): the 15 days of the moon plus a 16th when it remains at its maximum. In China the 5 points are drawn as 5 points with 4 joining lines.
Slide 76:This helps us to recognize that the Chinese and Indian methods are two versions of the same matrix.In India these 5 points become 4 squares of an inner matrix. In like manner the 5 upper and lower lines in China generate 4 x 4 squares in India or conversely 5 x 5 points. These 16 squares entail 25 points. The Same 25 points arranged as 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 = all the male numbers under 10 in China. 21 January = Aquarius (formerly 21 December = Capricorn) Draco, mirrored and the sign of 25 in the Tribu Restaurant. http://www.cosmopolis.com/star-myths/classical-const-north.html In terms of Geometry this is the pentagon that combines with triangles to generate the Five Pointed Star of SiVA that leads x 12 = Dodecahedron http://www.geocities.com/sarabhanga/singularity.html
Slide 83:Stage 6 is Space Desh Division is produced in Ever-IndivisibleStage 6 of Pre -creation results in 6 points. The upward and the downward triangle now meet as the Six pointed star linked with the seal and stars of Vishnu, Solomon, and David. http://www.devshoppe.com/YantrasOther.html Stage 6 of Pre -creation also results in 6 points of the 3-D pyramid . http://historylink101.net/egypt_1/rf-k-great-pyramid.htm
Slide 87:Stage 7 is Atomic Form Patra or Anu One appears as innumerable objectsStage 7 of Pre -creation results in 7 points. In terms of the Sephiroth this effectively entails 4,5, 6, 7, 8, 9 http://www.aiwaz.net/kabbalah/sephiroth/sephiroth.htmwww.crystalinks.com/ tarot2.html Stage 7 of Pre -creation results in 7 points. These 7 points become the 4 directions + up, down and centre. http://www.kheper.net/topics/I_Ching/trigrams.htm The 28 days of the month can then be drawn as a pyramid of points as a square of 28 points or as 6 x 6 squares with 49 points.
Slide 93:In the West arithmetic = discrete quantity geometry = continuous quantity and treated separately. In the East Arithmetic and geometry are integrated.
Slide 94:This leads to matrices of squares and dots: 1 4 2 6 3 x 3 (9) 4 x 4 = 16 4 x 4 (16) 5 x 5 25 5 x 5 (25) 6 x 6 36 6 x 6 (36) 7 x 7 49 7 x 7 (49) 8 x 8 64 8 x 8 (64) 9 x 9 81 9 x 9 (81) 10 x 10 100 10 x 10 (100)The 3x 3 square leads to a 4 x 4 square which, as we shall see, becomes central in the development of alphabets. This 4x 4 = 16 pattern x 4 = 8 x 8 = 64 Squares = chessboard, checkers the game of Go (= Sanskrit for heavenly cow). http://www.planetmike.com/games/chess/ In India this culminates in a 9 x 9 ( = 3 x 3 x 3 x3 = the 3 principle of ? applied to the 4 directions) as the Vastu Purusha Mandala as basis for positioning gods and directions http://www.gosai.com/chaitanya/saranagati/html/nmj_articles/sacred_architecture/vastu-shastra-2.html These matrices are found also in the New World . The Vastu Purusha becomes the Indian Equivalent of Vitruvian Man. www.salagram.net/ sstp-mgpuja3.html In China, the I Ching uses dots with implicit Magic Squares.