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ICT in Bhutan. Challenges and Opportunities. Christopher Faris ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan. Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004. Christopher Faris ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan. Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004.

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ICT in Bhutan

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ICT in Bhutan

Challenges and Opportunities

Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004


Ict in bhutan presentation structure l.jpg

Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004

ICT in Bhutan – Presentation Structure

  • Bhutan Background

  • New Ministry - Policy Challenges

  • Digital Opportunity Initiative and Bhutan ICT Policy and Strategies

  • Free and Open Source Software

  • Obstacles into Opportunities

  • Future directions – Bhutan and APDIP

  • A half-baked idea …


Bhutan brief background l.jpg

Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004

  • Gross National Happiness, not Gross National Product

  • Small (700,000 people)

  • Mountainous – up to 7500m –steep terrain

  • Dispersed rural population

  • Not rich (LDC, LLC)

  • Embryonic ICT sector

Bhutan – Brief Background


Where does new ministry sit in government l.jpg

- Overarching?

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS

-Freestanding?

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND COMMS

HEALTH

EDUCATION

AGRICULTURE

- Cross-cutting?

-Underpinning?

Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004

Where does new Ministry sit in Government?


Ict policy process digital opportunity initiative l.jpg

Strategic Compact

Human

Capacity

Policy

Infrastructure

Content &

Applications

Enterprise

Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004

ICT Policy Process – Digital Opportunity Initiative

2 previous attempts, but no national ownership or political will

  • Five concurrent Committees

  • Cross-cutting membership; overseen by Council of Secretarys

  • But …

  • Donors? Resource mobilisation?

  • Participatory?

  • Sector plans – eg health?


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piracy

TRIPS

WTO

Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004

FOSS, WTO and culture- no laughing matter

Language

= cultural heritage

= national sovereignty

MS Office/XP = $250

= 143 days salary (Bhutan)

= 2.5 days salary (US)

Option 2 :

Pentium I (donated)$0

+ Open Office CD$1

=$1

(+ installation)

Option 1 :

Pentium IV$1200

+ MS Office/XP$250

=$1450


Obstacles into opportunities l.jpg

Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004

 Wireless?

FOSS?

 SME development?

 (Indian joint ventures?)

Obstacles into opportunities

1. Mountainous, dispersed population living in hamlets

2. Cost of software relative to income

3. Small ICT sector


Future directions bhutan and apdip l.jpg

Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004

Future Directions – Bhutan and APDIP

Commenced :- FOSS – IDRC / NUCES PAN localisation

- A2I initiative – DGTTF3 – portal, access points, services

APDIP :- SMEs - Appropriate industry development

- Wireless – possible solution for rural areas?

UNDP Bhutan :- ICT and Crisis Prevention / Recovery

- ICT4D Donor Co-ordination – meeting soon!

RGOB :- E-government strategy

- Private sector development (outsourcing)

- Preservation of cultural heritage

- Awareness-raising – AV material, Korean IT Ambassadors?


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Information

Network

FOSS

Developers

UNDP ICT4D Practice

  • Distributed knowledge base

  • Many people (nodes)

knowledge codified (peer reviewed, product improved)

  • Embedded knowledge

  • Continual updating

  • Knowledge Products

  • thematic papers

  • Best practices etc

Information

Product

FOSS

Software

Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 February 2004

Open source model of knowledge management?

Finally, a half-baked idea…


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Christopher Faris

ICTD Focal Point, UNDP Bhutan

Presented at APDIP POWII Workshop

Kuala Lumpur, 12-14 Feb

Thank you & Tashi Delek


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