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SGPE Revision. Activities The body in Action Skills and Techniques Evaluating Performance. Activities. Individual Activity Team Activity. Individual Activities. Badminton Athletics Table Tennis Wrestling Golf Swimming. Team Activities. Basketball Volleyball Hockey Football

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SGPE Revision

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SGPE Revision

  • Activities

  • The body in Action

  • Skills and Techniques

  • Evaluating Performance


  • Individual Activity

  • Team Activity

Individual Activities

  • Badminton

  • Athletics

  • Table Tennis

  • Wrestling

  • Golf

  • Swimming

Team Activities

  • Basketball

  • Volleyball

  • Hockey

  • Football

  • Netball

Activities: Classified

  • Competitive

  • Non Competitive

Competitive Activities

  • Objective is to WIN

    • Basketball

    • Volleyball

    • Football

    • Athletics

    • Swimming

Non-Competitive Activities

  • Self Satisfaction, sense of achievement, fitness enjoyment etc.

    • Jogging

    • Hill Walking

Different Roles

  • Referee

  • Recorder

  • Opponent

  • Official

  • Timer

  • Score Keeper

  • Mascot

Scoring Systems

  • Objective

    a number value is counted or measured

    e.g time, distance, height

Scoring Systems

  • Subjective

    • Judge scores a performance out of a possible maximum. Any mistake is penalised by the deduction of marks

      • Diving

      • Gymnastics

Adapting Activities

  • The Playing Area

  • The Equipment

  • The scoring System

  • The Rules

  • Number of Players

  • Time

The Body in Action

  • The Skeletal and muscular system

  • Aspects of Fitness: 4 S’s

  • Principles of Training: SPIROFIT

  • Types of Training


  • Joints are protected in 4 ways:

  • Synovial fluid

  • Cartilage

  • Muscles

  • Ligaments

Types of Joints

  • Hinge Joint

  • Ball & Socket Joint

Hinge Joints

  • Knee

  • Elbow

They can only open & close like a hinge on a ‘door’

Ball & Socket Joints

  • Shoulder

  • Hip

It allows movement and rotation in all directions

Tendons & Ligaments

  • Tendons Attach Muscle

    (to bone)

  • Ligaments Attach Bone

    (to bone)



  • Cardio Respiratory Endurance

  • Muscular Endurance

Benefits of improved CV Endurance

  • Work longer or harder before becoming exhausted

  • You can do the same amount of work with less effort.

  • You recover from work more quickly

Improving Muscular Endurance

  • Circuit Training

    Press ups

    Step Ups

    Sit Ups

    Tricep dips

    Q: How do we test Muscular Endurance?

    A: “Sit up test” - how many sit ups can you do in 60 seconds?

Aspects of Fitness4S’s




  • SUPPLENESS (flexibility)


  • Is the maximum amount of force a muscle, or group of muscles can exert in a single effort.

  • The amount of force depends on:

    • The size of the muscle

      • The larger the muscle the stronger it is!

Strength cont….

Q: Test For Strength?


What is Speed Strength?

Strength is an important part of power .

POWER can be described as ‘fast strength.’

Power(strength & speed)

Q: How do we measure/test for Power?


  • Speed means being able to cover a distance or perform a movement in a short time.

  • For a sprinter this can involve the whole body.

  • A cricketer must pull his bowling arm forward very quickly


  • 2 Types:

  • Cardio Respiratory Endurance

    The whole body has to work

    continuously for a long period of time,

    making extra demands on the heart (cardio) and lungs (respiratory)

    i.e. long distance running

  • Muscular Endurance

    A muscle, or group of muscles work continuously

    i.e. shoulder muscles when rowing


  • Q:How do we test our cardio respiratory endurance?

  • HINT……..

  • Q:How do we test our muscular endurance?

  • A:Sit up test


  • Flexibility…

    is the range of movement permitted around a joint.

Types of Flexibility


    • The gymnast shows static flexibility he is attempting to HOLD a fixed position

Types of Flexibility


    • Are FAST and not held for any time

Preparing for Action


    A warm up prepares you for the work ahead.

    It helps prevent injuries to your muscles, tendons & joints.

3 Stages to Warm Up

  • 1. Light Jogging

    • To increase heart rate/body temperature

    • Prepare the body for activity

  • 2. Stretching


  • 3. Skill Related

    • To mentally prepare and practice the skills of the activity

  • Skills & Techniques

    • SKILLS

      Tells us about the purpose of a movement. (ING words)





    • Is a way of performing a skill.


    • Lay up, set shot, jump shot

    Easy Skills

    Few subroutines

    Physically undemanding

    Little coordination

    simple order of movements

    Complex Skills

    Many sub-routines

    Physically sub routines

    Coordination vital

    Complicated order of movements

    Easy & Complex Skills

    Breaking down a Skill


    • ACTION


    Learning Skills

    • Whole Part Whole

    • Gradual Build Up

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