Risk reduction drinking
Download
1 / 28

RISK REDUCTION DRINKING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 1285 Views
  • Updated On :

RISK REDUCTION DRINKING Bringing You Valid Information for Your Lifestyle Choices LOW-RISK DRINKING. . . . WHAT DOES IT MEAN? Estimating your own biological risk Selecting the right low-risk quantity and frequency for you

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'RISK REDUCTION DRINKING ' - MartaAdara


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Risk reduction drinking l.jpg

RISK REDUCTION DRINKING

Bringing You Valid Information for Your Lifestyle Choices


Low risk drinking what does it mean l.jpg
LOW-RISK DRINKING. . . . WHAT DOES IT MEAN?

  • Estimating your own biological risk

  • Selecting the right low-risk quantity and frequency for you

  • Reducing this quantity and frequency if needed to reduce the risk of impairment

  • And remember, impairment means any mental or physical slowing beyond the initial mild relaxation of a drink.. Impairment occurs before drunkenness.


Slide3 l.jpg

There are only two kinds of alcohol problems: Health problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.


Who can develop alcoholism l.jpg
WHO CAN DEVELOP ALCOHOLISM? problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • There is no abnormal pre-alcoholic personality

  • However, people who are more gregarious, rebellious, and impulsive than their peers tend to develop higher rates of alcoholism

  • Research indicates we may see more alcoholism after major stressful life events.


Who can develop alcoholism continued l.jpg
WHO CAN DEVELOP ALCOHOLISM? (Continued) problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

There are two important conclusions to draw from the psychological research:

  • First: Who can develop alcoholism? Anyone, regardless of personality type, emotional health, or reasons for drinking

  • Second: What kind of person someone is and why that person drinks is not as important as what kind of drinking choices the person makes.


Who can develop alcoholism continued6 l.jpg
WHO CAN DEVELOP ALCOHOLISM? (Continued) problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • Third: Everyone has some level of biological risk or ‘trigger level’ for alcoholism. (Like everyone has a ‘trigger level’ or level of risk for heart disease.) People with increased biological risk have lower trigger levels. It takes less drinking for them to reach that trigger level. Alcoholism develops quickly in their cases. Genetic make-up only sets the trigger level for alcoholism, however. It doesn’t cause or prevent alcoholism itself.


Risks with daily drinking l.jpg
RISKS WITH DAILY DRINKING problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • 0 PER DAY: No known alcohol-related problems.

  • 1-2 PER DAY: No known increased risk

  • 3 PER DAY: Blood pressure increases. Heart Disease increases. Cirrhosis increases for women. Live shorter lives.

  • 4 PER DAY: Cirrhosis increases for men.


Risks with daily drinking continued l.jpg
RISKS WITH DAILY DRINKING (CONTINUED) problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • 5 PER DAY: Pancreatitis increases. Much shorter life span.

  • 6 PER DAY: Cancer of mouth, throat, and digestive system increases.

    Risks add up. The risks with 6 drinks per day include the risks for 3,4, and 5 drinks per day.


Risks with drinking less often than daily l.jpg
RISKS WITH DRINKING LESS OFTEN THAN DAILY problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • 2 OR MORE DRINKS IN ONE HOUR OR LESS:

    • Increased risk for accidents and other impairment problems

  • 4 OR MORE DRINKS ON ANY DAY:

    • Increased risk for impairment problems

  • 5 DRINKS ON EACH OF 4 OR MORE DAYS PER WEEK:

    • Live shorter life


Risks with drinking less often than daily10 l.jpg
RISKS WITH DRINKING LESS OFTEN THAN DAILY problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • 5 DRINKS ON EACH OF 4 OR MORE DAYS PER WEEK (Continued):

    • Increased social problems

    • This level of drinking plus stress drinking or minor alcohol problems in young adulthood strongly correlates with serious alcohol problems later.


Estimating biological risk for alcoholism l.jpg
ESTIMATING BIOLOGICAL RISK FOR ALCOHOLISM problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • Do I have a parent or grandparent with alcoholism?

  • Do I have a strong family history of alcoholism? (Multiple blood relatives with alcoholism; relatives close in the blood line/ the alcoholism developed fairly rapidly in the relatives)


Estimating biological risk for alcoholism continued l.jpg
ESTIMATING BIOLOGICAL RISK FOR ALCOHOLISM (Continued) problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • Did I have an unusual early response to alcohol? (Either an unusually high initial tolerance or an unusual mild flushing with mild discomfort from small amounts of alcohol)

  • Have I developed significantly increased tolerance over time? (Can drink significantly more now before becoming impaired than in the beginning)


No sign of increased biological risk l.jpg
NO SIGN OF INCREASED BIOLOGICAL RISK problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

Low-Risk Drinking Choices Include:

Abstinence

OR

0-2 drinks if daily 0-3 drinks if less than

daily

AND

  • No more than one drink per hour

  • Not drinking during major stressful life events


Some sign of increased biological risk l.jpg
SOME SIGN OF INCREASED BIOLOGICAL RISK problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

Recommended Low-Risk Choices Include:

Abstinence

OR

0-2 drinks, infrequently, never daily

AND

  • No more than one drink per hour

  • Not drinking during major stressful life events


Strong signs of increased biological risk l.jpg
STRONG SIGNS OF INCREASED BIOLOGICAL RISK problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

THE ONLY RECOMMENDED LOW-RISK CHOICE IS ABSTINENCE.

NOT DRINKING AT ALL..

(IF YOU ANSWERED YES TO QUESTION #2 OR ANY COMBINATION OF TWO QUESTIONS)


Differences that may increase impairment l.jpg
DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE IMPAIRMENT problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

AGE

Generally, elderly people and adolescents experience greater impairment from alcohol than middle-aged and young adults

BODY SIZE

As a rule, a small person experiences greater impairment from a given amount of alcohol than a large person. Also, because degree of impairment is related to total body fluid,


Differences that may increase impairment17 l.jpg
DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE IMPAIRMENT problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

BODY SIZE (Continued)

if one person has significantly more fatty tissue than another, that person will be more impaired even though both weigh the same and drink the same amount.

GENDER

Women are typically more impaired from the same amount of alcohol then men of the same size. Women also may become


Differences that may increase impairment18 l.jpg
DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE IMPAIRMENT problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

GENDER (Continued)

intoxicated more quickly and stay intoxicated longer one to three days before their periods.

ILLNESS OR TIREDNESS

Someone who is tired, sick, or just getting well experiences greater impairment from alcohol. Fatigue adds greatly to increased risk, especially for shift workers & teens


Differences that may increase impairment19 l.jpg
DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE IMPAIRMENT problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

OTHER DRUGS

This refers to all drugs, legal and illicit. Drinking alcohol while taking any drug can intensify or weaken the effect of the drug. It can also intensify the effect of the alcohol. It is dangerous & can be fatal. Common over-the-counter drugs can significantly increase impairment. Anyone on medication should speak to the doctor or pharmacist about the use of alcohol while taking medication.


Differences that may increase impairment20 l.jpg
DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE IMPAIRMENT problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

STOMACH CONTENT

Drinking alcohol with an empty stomach causes greater impairment

ALTITUDE

Drinking at high altitudes increases impairment


What s high risk about getting drunk l.jpg
WHAT’S HIGH RISK ABOUT GETTING DRUNK? problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • Getting drunk is high-high risk because it moves people closer to their trigger levels for developing alcoholism. There are three signs that this is actually happening:

    • Their tolerance increases with each drunk

    • Drinking to cure hangovers

    • They experience memory blackouts

      Each time you get drunk, you move yourself closer to your trigger level for alcoholism.


What s high risk about getting drunk22 l.jpg
WHAT’S HIGH RISK ABOUT GETTING DRUNK? problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

  • Getting drunk is high risk because it causesstate dependent learning. This means that what we learn or experience while in a state of intoxication we recall best and use most comfortably only when back at that same state of intoxication. If people get drunk often enough as they are learning a social skill, they come to depend on getting back to that same state to use that skill easily.


What s high risk about getting drunk23 l.jpg
WHAT’S HIGH RISK ABOUT GETTING DRUNK problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

Getting drunk is high risk because it causes impaired abstract thinking. High-risk quantities have the effect of prematurely aging brain cells. This causes impaired abstract thinking, which is required to answer essay questions, read blueprints, learn complicated sports plays, figure out why engines don’t work, etc. This can last for up to 30 days after high-risk drinking.


What s high risk about getting drunk24 l.jpg
WHAT’S HIGH-RISK ABOUT GETTING DRUNK? problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.

Getting drunk is high-risk because it increases risk for impairment problems. There is a also direct relationship between how much a person drinks and risk for a crash. The more you drink, the greater the risk. For adolescents and women, risk for a crash appears at a lower BAL (.05) than for adult males (.08).


Getting drunk increased crash risk l.jpg
Getting Drunk = Increased Crash Risk problems and Impairment problems. Health problems develop with drinking over time. Alcoholism is this best example of these. Impairment problems develop quickly and can happen in one drinking episode. They include violence, accidents, falls, legal problems, impaired driving, etc.


What s harmful about high risk drinking if you don t get drunk l.jpg
What’s Harmful About High-Risk Drinking If You Don’t Get Drunk?

Sometimes people with high tolerance or a large build can’t see why high-risk quantities would be harmful. If they don’t get drunk, what’s the problem? But drinking amounts above the low-risk guidelines impairs abstract thinking just like getting drunk does. And high-risk drinking can cause physical damage, even if the person doesn’t get drunk.


What s harmful about high risk drinking if you don t get drunk27 l.jpg
What’s Harmful About High-Risk Drinking If You Don’t Get Drunk?

  • Studies have shown early liver disease after just eight days of drinking 5-9 drinks a day, even though the drinkers were never actually ‘drunk’.

  • People with high tolerance are less sensitive to the earliest signs of impairment than those with low tolerance. And they are typically impaired sooner than they look or feel impaired. They are just slower to recognize it.


What s harmful about high risk drinking if you never get drunk l.jpg
What’s Harmful About High-Risk Drinking If You Never Get Drunk?

  • Finally, high tolerance not only moves people closer to their trigger levels, high tolerance is what makes it possible for them to drink enough to pass the trigger level. And once that trigger level is passed, alcoholism is present.


ad