Planning. Not all participants can access the field every day as this will impact our study sites and is logistically difficult. In short, participants will spend half-time in the field, and half-time processing and pre-sorting samples in the laboratory.
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Not all participants can access the field every day as this will impact our
study sites and is logistically difficult. In short, participants will spend
half-time in the field, and half-time processing and pre-sorting samples in the
As far as possible the program of each participant as been planned as to
include, out of a sequence of 4 days:
Day 1: Field work: own program
Day 2-3: laboratory
Day 4: field work: own program/individual program/help with other
Chronologically field work concentrates on crane, bubble, raft and ikos
N.B. Late surveys of FITs = B2: 9 Nov; C3: 10 Nov; R3: 12 Nov, No Ikos
N.B. The technical staff has been booked as all person being present each day, which is not going to be the case
Field work is going to be challenging, no need to hide this. Please be prepared.
Rains will be very frequent: please bring a raincoat or equivalent AND a good
umbrella. Pack all your equipment in plastic bags, use water-resistant paper
for notes, etc. There is no malaria at our field sites or on BCI but chiggers and
ticks are common. Bring insect repellent and medicine against insect bites.
Bring your own climbing gear (harness, jumars, etc.) as to be independent and
efficient. Other useful items: torch and batteries, water bottles (we will use
tap water from BCI for drinking in the field).
In essence: try to be self-sufficient!
A spot near the crane garita will be designated to test single rope equipment
and to practice tree-climbing, if needed.
Details from Y. Basset, M. Samaniego or B. Corbara.
In doubt, please consult with the professional tree climbers:
T. Aubert, N. Baiben & S. Bechet.
Seasonal replication will be discussed between participants during the
first phase of the project. The following is open to discussion:
Vegetation: not needed, but refining measurements at ground plots may be possible
Sticky traps: at crane sites, at least. Needs to leave guide ropes for transects, which could be re-activated also
at other sites.
FITs: same remarks as for sticky traps
Beating: possible at crane sites
Fogging: possible at all sites
Light traps: possible at crane sites
Microarthropods: possible at all sites if guide ropes are left in place
Winkler: not possible at the same sites, but at surrogate sites.
Pitfall traps: possible at all sites
Individual programs: depends on the interest and program
Some flexibility may be required as the result of particular sampling programs may be uncertain
Panamanian students (probably n = 5) will help with the sorting. Priority will be given to programs
generating large amount of specimens, such as fogging, FITs and microarthropods.
Sticky traps: All material identified as far as possible to families and counted.
Focal taxa (n= 22) are extracted and kept in whirl-packs filled with ethanol (2,000 available for
the program). The rest of material is thrown away.
FITs: 33 focal taxa and 3,000 whirl-packs available. Two Panamanian students to help
Beating: 17 focal taxa and 1,500 whirl-packs available
Fogging: 35 focal taxa and 4,000 whirl-packs available. Two Panamanian students to help
Light traps: 18 focal taxa, 2,000 entomological pins and 1,000 whirl-packs available (+ storage boxes)
Microarthropods: 8 focal taxa, 864 vials available (no whirl-packs). One Panamanian student to help
Winkler: 21 focal taxa and 3,000 whirl-packs available
Pitfall traps: 18 focal taxa and 3,000 whirl-packs available
In total: 17,500 whirl-packs and 489 liters ethanol 70 degrees available
Two main working places have been designated for the IBISCA project on BCI:
1) ‘Wet-dirty’ area: in the Kodak house. Please concentrate all work there which may be
rather wet, dirty or requires handling large samples, etc.
2) ‘Dry-clean’ area: BCI meeting room. For work with stereomicroscopes (n = 11). In addition,
two desktop and one laptop computers will be available for the project in this area
Other working spaces may also be set up in different laboratories. The general BCI computer
room with internet access will be shared with other BCI users.
There will be designated areas for storage of equipment and chemicals.
Databasing: at the end of the first phase, each participant will be required to provide the scientific
coordinators with a simple Excel file detailing the different samples obtained with his/her sampling
program. These files will be needed to coordinates the analyses of the results.
Please think beforehand of the codes you want to use for your samples and how you want to
organize this file.
The collecting permit is collective and will be included in your information
envelope (see below). These fees will be paid by the project.
We expect that most of the material will be exported by the participants with
individual export permits, when leaving Panama. However, it may be possible
to store material at the University of Panama. Later exportation of the material
is possible, but more difficult to organize for wet material. Each participant is
required to pay individually for export permits.
The Hotel Via Espana will host most of the participants when transiting from/to Tocumen airport
and BCI. Booking has been made as indicated in the following page.
Hotel Via Espana: Via Espana (Martin Sosa y Via Espana), Panama City.
Ph. +507 264 0800, Fax +507 264 8802, email [email protected]
Price single/double rooms: $22/$22-33 (double beds or not).
Transfer airport - Hotel - airport: by taxi/bus organised by Samatour (Ph. 680-8990/646-4660)
The taxi/bus will be dispatched at the airport when you arrive. The driver will wait with a sign
‘IBISCA’. Participants are required to pay the taxi fare ($20, each additional person = $5; i.e.
one person pays $20, 3 people $10 each).
Transfer Hotel - Gamboa - Hotel: Same system organised by Samatour. Cost of fare $20, with additional
person = $5. You need to leave the hotel at least 1 hour 15 before the time departure of the boat.
See next pages for individual bookings and arrival.
Transfer Gamboa - BCI - Gamboa: by boat, free. You need your personal badge to enter the
Dredging Division at Gamboa and access the boat. This badge will be given at your hotel, along with an envelope
with other information.
As of 11 Sept 2003. If the information is incorrect, please urgently contact Yves!
H. Barrios, Y. Basset, D. Frame, R. Harrison, A. Hernandez, E. Medianero, C. Potvin, D. Roubik, M. Samaniego
& S.J. Wright are based in Panama City and this is irrelevant to them
You are assumed to have signed a form detailing the general conditions of the IBISCA project before
your arrival. This form was sent by email earlier.
Your stay on BCI is also subject to different regulations and recommendations, please see the
documentation sent by e-mail. In particular, washing machines and telephones are available
(for a fee). Meals: 3 meals will be provided per day. However, participants leaving for the field
will be requested to prepare their own breakfast and lunch early in the morning.
Each Thursday, informal seminars are presented on BCI. From our group, F. Hallé, D. Frame
and A. Floren will be presenting such seminars. If you want to present a seminar please contact Yves.
Change: Panama uses US$. If needed, better to change US$ before you leave for Panama, as this
could prove to be time-consuming in the city.
It will be possible to go to Panama City from BCI, by boat and bus (see schedule next page)
where to take the boat at Gamboa
In case you need to get there by taxi or bus (in addition, it is possible to get the boat from the City)
Actual loading point:
Old passenger’s loading point
(as of 4 Sept 03)
Some participants may have been booked longer than indicated on this schedule. When in doubt, please check with Yves
(data combined from all sampling programs)
This will be discussed by the group, on BCI (see next page). Some suggestions:
Faunal similarity: for each group, between each of the 9 sites (18 sub-sites: upper canopy and
understorey/soil, including vegetation, treated as a taxon or as an explanatory variable.
Correlation between focal taxa, including vegetation, at the 9 (18) sites.
Multivariate analyses, either for particular sampling programs, or as a whole, with vegetation and
canopy openness as explanatory variables for each of the 9 (18) sites.
Each day, a short meeting will be held on BCI early in the evening to review
the progress and challenges of the day, and update the daily planning.
It will be possible at that time to call the support crew in Panama City to
review any action needed.
We plan to have a large meeting about mid-way through the project with
all participants, to discuss seasonal replication, processing of material and
Other social events and seminars as indicated on next page.
The major scientific output of the project would represent (i) the first attempt
to compare arthropod species richness in the soil vs. canopy habitats of a tropical
rainforest, including a wide range of taxa and sufficient spatial and temporal
replicates, as well as samples obtained in situ from the canopy; (ii) one of the
first study of beta diversity at a fine scale (a few kilometres) in a lowland
tropical forest, encompassing again a sample size accounting for arthropod
diversity, spatial and seasonal replicates; and (iii) one of the first study of
airborne arthropod fine stratification (a few metres) within the canopy.
The amount of data generated on the vertical stratification and beta-diversity
of 40 focal arthropod taxa phylogenetically and ecologically distant is
likely to have far ranging implications for the conservation of biodiversity
in tropical rainforests.
Entomologists: Henri-Pierre Aberlenc, Héctor Barrios, Yves Basset, Lukas Cizek, Bruno Corbara,
Gianfranco Curletti, Alain Dejean, Raphael Didham, Laura L. Fagan, Andreas Floren, Rhett Harrison,
Kevin Jordan, Roger Kitching, Maurice Leponce, Enrique Medianero, Frode Ødegaard, Jerome Orivel,
Servio Ribeiro, Yves Roisin, David Roubik, Jürgen Schmidl, Alexey Tishechkin & Neville Winchester
Botanists: Dawn Frame, Francis Hallé, Andres Hernandez, Margaret Lowman, Catherine Potvin,
Mirna Samaniego & Joe Wright
Technical staff: Thierry Aubert, Nouï Baiben, Stephane Bechet, Dany Cleyet-Marrel, Gilles Ebersolt,
Olivier Pascal & Laurent Pyot
Crane operators: José Herrera, Edwin Andrade & Oscar Saldaña
Support crew: Yves Basset, Mirna Samaniego, Patrick Basset, Héctor Barrios & Bruno Corbara
Logistics: Gilles Ebersolt & Mirna Samaniego
Scientific coordination: Yves Basset, Bruno Corbara, Héctor Barrios & Joe Wright
Solvay - Solvin (www.solvinpvc.com)
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (www.stri.org)
Global Canopy Programme (www.globalcanopy.org)
Joe Wright and Yves Basset’s research funds at STRI
Ecoport and University of Florida (www.ecoport.org/)
Ambassade de France à Panama (http://www.ambafrance-pa.org/)
Note: Ecoport has generously donated $1,000 towards general equipment for the IBISCA project. One requirement is to improve the picture
databank in the Ecoport database (www.ecoport.org).
You can help by donating digital pictures of tropical insect herbivores to Ecoport
(from Panama or elsewhere; pictures of specimens dead or alive). Please contact Yves Basset.
BCI switchboard and fax
Ph.212-8900/8951, Fax 212-8937/8975
IBISCA project, BCI
Ph. 212 8978
Ph. 680-8990 / 646 4660
Office 603 at STRI (Tupper Building): Ph. 212 8233, Fax 212 8148.
Home 264 9529, [email protected]
University of Panama (Entomologia), Ph 264 5431, [email protected]
Office 523 at STRI, Ph 212 8177, [email protected]
Visitor’s office, STRI, Ph 212 8016, [email protected]
Barro Colorado Island, Ph 212 8901, [email protected]
Hotel Via Espana
Via Espana (Martin Sosa y Via Espana), Panama City
Ph. 264 0800, Fax 264 8802, email [email protected]