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Organic Agriculture and Pesticide Drift. Michael L. White and Kathleen Delate. Modified by Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum Office June 2002. What is organic agriculture?.

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Organic agriculture and pesticide drift l.jpg

Organic Agriculture and Pesticide Drift

Michael L. White and

Kathleen Delate

Modified by Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum Office

June 2002


What is organic agriculture l.jpg
What is organic agriculture?

“Organic agriculture uses naturally occurring amendments for fertilization and pest control. Fields must be free from synthetic fertilizers and pesticides for a minimum of 3 years. Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO’s) are not allowed. Animals grown organically feed on organic grains and pasture. Synthetic hormones or antibiotics are restricted. The foods are processed, packaged and distributed without the use of synthetic pesticides, artificial preservatives or irradiation.”


Organic history l.jpg

Most food and fiber prior to 1940 was organic

Organic crop production is now a $4.2 billion industry in the U.S.

1989-1996 saw a 20% annual growth rate in the U.S.

Certified organic acres in Iowa

1996 - 21,733

1997 - 62,000

1998 - 100,000 +

Organic history


Organic agriculture laws l.jpg
Organic agriculture laws

  • U.S. Organic Food Production Act of 1990

    • Rules out by 2000?

  • Iowa Food Production Act of 1988 - Code of Iowa Chapter 190C

    • Law rewritten in 1998 to establish state certification requirements


Certification l.jpg

Crops must be certified organic by 1 of 6 organic agencies in Iowa

Cropping records for a minimum of 3 yrs, preferably 5 yrs.

Field or farm organic for past 3 years

Organic farm plan

Use a crop rotation 3 out of 4 years

Audit trail of production, input, harvest, storage, sales and transportation

Certification


Pesticide drift l.jpg
Pesticide drift in Iowa

  • Against the law

  • Accidental pesticide drift can result in loss of a high value crop for 3 years

  • Pesticide residue analysis is expensive


Droplet size vs drift distance l.jpg
Droplet size vs. drift distance in Iowa

*Dv0.5, m

Source: Herbicide Spray Drift, NDSU Extension


Idals drift case examples l.jpg
IDALS drift case examples in Iowa

  • Command® drift on organic garden in 1997 resulted in $755 civil penalty and unknown damage claim to organic producer.

  • Custom applicator accidentally sprayed outside 2 rounds of a 49 acre organic oats field in spring of 1998. Case has not been resolved.


Drift precautions l.jpg

25 to 30 foot buffer strip required but wider is recommended

Post “CERTIFIED ORGANIC” signs

Know your neighbors

Read the label

Know wind direction and speed

Use nozzles producing larger droplets

Avoid volatile herbicides

2,4-D

clopyralid (Stinger®)

dicamba (Banvel®, Clarity®)

Drift precautions


Other options l.jpg

Drift retardants recommended

Cultivation instead of postemerge spraying

Pesticide-free crop rows adjacent to organic buffer areas

Pesticide-free forage crops next to organic crops

Enroll buffer areas into CRP, wetland reserve or forestry reserve

Other ideas?

Other options


Report drift complaints to l.jpg
Report drift complaints to: recommended

Chuck Eckermann

Chief, Pesticide Bureau

Iowa Dept. of Ag & Land Stewardship

Henry A. Wallace Building

Des Moines, IA 50319

(515) 281-8591


Organic information l.jpg

Maury C. Wills recommended

IDALS - Organic Food Production and Certification

(515) 281-5783

maury.wills@

idals.state.ia.us

Kathleen Delate

Iowa State University

Organic Crops Specialist

(515) 294-7069

x1delate@

exnet.iastate.edu

Organic information


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