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Menu 11/8/05 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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11/08/05 Noise Really Great. The Menu 11/8/05. History of NLE Background of Video Production Workflow Related Concepts and Terms Why we are not using Premiere Windows Movie Maker Slideshow. Brief History of Video Editing. Linear Editing - Video Post Production prior to Computers

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Really Great

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The Menu 11/8/05

  • History of NLE

  • Background of Video Production Workflow

  • Related Concepts and Terms

  • Why we are not using Premiere

  • Windows Movie Maker Slideshow

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Brief History of Video Editing

  • Linear Editing - Video Post Production prior to Computers

    • Physically cutting tape/film, reassemble into final product

  • Non-Linear Editing (NLE) – Computer software based film, video editing

    • Footage & Assets captured/imported into computer

    • Editing, transitions, effects are achieved with extreme ease compared to linear editing

    • Examples of NLEs – AVID, Adobe Premiere, Final Cut Pro, iMovie, Windows Movie Maker

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Soup to Nuts

  • Complete Workflow

    • Pre-Production

    • Production

    • Post Production

  • Once project concept is determined…

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  • Planning Phase

    • Determine location

      • Secure Permits (if needed)

    • Assemble Crew

      • Producers, Director, Lighting Designer, Sound Engineer, Camera Operator(s)

    • Compile Equipment List

      • Light, Camera, Accessories (cables, batteries, adapters, tape, etc)

    • Create Production Day Schedule

      • Crew and Talent members need at specific times

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  • Day of Event/Shoot

    • Reference Equipment List / Double Check gear

    • Setup at Location

    • Shoot!

      • Different for every event or project

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(Non-Linear) Post Production 1

  • Capture/Import materials onto computer hard drive

  • Video files are vary is size but are generally HUGE, it varies by compression setting

    • Uncompressed DV - 1 GB for roughly 5 minutes

    • Varies widely, HD content uses MUCH more space

  • Organize materials into Folders

    • Video Footage

    • Still Images/Graphics

    • Audio

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(Non-Linear) Post Production 2

  • Import materials into NLE program (i.e. Adobe Premiere, Final Cut Pro, Windows Movie Maker)

  • Edit material together into finished product

  • Apply titling graphics, special effects

  • Export to tape (digital or analog), encode for DVD or web presentation formats

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  • Camera Operation

    • Framing

  • Editing

    • Graphics, Transitions & Titling

  • Digital Video Standards

  • Encoding for the Web

    • CODECS

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Camera Operation

  • Focus

  • Iris (Exposure) – control light levels

  • White Balance – a camera feature which determines what actual white is in any given lighting condition

  • Framing – position of subject in picture

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  • Composition

  • Three Basic Shot Descriptions

    • Close-Up

    • Medium Shot

    • Wide Shot

  • Head Room

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(Non-Linear) Editing

  • Different Styles chosen for “feel” of final product

    • Continuity – telling a linear story

      • Full Football game

      • Sitcom

    • Montage – compilation of fragments

      • Music Video

      • Football game highlight reel

  • The Art of the Edit

    • Different methods of assembling footage to convey the mood you envision

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Graphics, Transitions, Titling

  • Graphics – Computer generated slides or motion which are added in the edit to enhance production quality

  • Transitions – when editing from one clip to another

    • Video

      • Straight Cut

      • Dissolve

      • Wipe

    • Audio

      • Straight Cut

      • Cross Fade

      • Fade in/Fade Out

  • Titling – adding text on top of your video images

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Digital Video Standards

  • Frame Size

    • NTSC Standard – 720 x 480 (pixel resolution)

    • Other common sizes: 320 x 240 ; 240 x 180

    • Can be anything, will vary depending on final delivery

  • Frame Rate

    • Number of frames per second that gives the illusion of motion from multiple still images

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Encoding for Web

  • Main Objective

    • Make video file size as small as possible while maintaining reasonable image quality in order to facilitate internet delivery

  • Methods for achieving smaller file size:

    • Reduce Frame Size

    • Reduce Frame Rate

      • Key Frames

  • Streaming vs. Progressive Download

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Popular CODECs

  • CODEC =Compression/Decompression

    • Proprietary

      • Windows Media Player (.wmv)

      • QuickTime (.mov)

      • Real Media Player (.rm)

    • Public

      • AVI

      • MPEG1, MPEG2, MPEG4

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Take a Break…BUT…While You Wait…

  • Make sure all your assets are in your “ex4” folder on your computer

  • Recommended:

    • Create a folder for images and one for audio INSIDE your exercise 4 folder

  • If you don’t have an MP3 for audio, I posted a couple here.

  • If you don’t have any images to use, here are a some you can use for today’s class, but NOT for EX4.

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Premiere – What you need to know

  • Premiere does not work well in the Lab, these computers cannot handle the processor intensive work that full function NLE programs require

  • We are going to use Windows Movie Maker, although limited in functionality, it is good introduction

  • If you are working on a mac, “iMovie” is very similar to Windows Movie Maker

  • BUT, if you want to download and explore Premiere at home, here is the link: http://www.adobe.com/products/tryadobe/main.jsp#product=98

  • Last semester’s Lecture 9 has Premiere instructions

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Before We Start

  • You MUST:

  • Get your files (mp3 and images) in your EX4 folder before starting

  • EX4 folder should contain:

    • 1 folder with all images you are going to incorporate

    • 1 folder with all audio files you are going to incorporate

  • This is where you will save everything associated with this video project

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Open Windows Movie Maker

  • Start > All Programs > Windows Movie Maker

  • You should see the interface above

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Import You Assets (1/2)

  • Save your Project before importing anything (I didn’t do it in the screen shot and I was wrong)

  • Click on “Import Pictures”

  • Navigate to your “EX4” folder

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Import You Assets (2/2)

  • Choose your “images” folder within

  • Select all images - Shift+click to get them all

  • Click import

    • Do the same for your audio

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What You Should See

  • After importing your audio and video you should see thumbnails of everything you imported.

  • If you DON’T - make sure the “Collections” drop down menu is selected

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Video Effects

  • In the drop down menu in the center, you will notice 2 other choices:

    • Video Effects

    • Video Transitions

    • In addtion to the “Collections” option

  • The Video Effects options will apply an effect to you movie clip or image in the timeline.

  • Don’t get too carried away

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Video Transitions

  • The Video Transitions will apply a transition between 2 movie clips or images in your timeline

  • Again, don’t use 47 different effects, it will just look silly.

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Add assets to Timeline (1/2)

  • To make your movie, you need to add assets to the Timeline.

  • There are two views of the Timeline:

    • Timeline (Shown) or Storyboard

  • Audio can only be added in Timeline view.

  • You can switch between the 2 at any time\

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Add assets to Timeline (2/2)

  • To add anything to the time line:


  • To add an effect or transition:


  • To add an image:


  • To add a Title:


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Adding a Title or other Text

  • NOTE: You can also make graphics/titles in Fireworks and import them like images

  • Under 2: Edit

  • You will see screen shot at right

  • Select what you want to make and click on it

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Opening Title

  • Every great piece of cinema magic has a wonderful title, and your pieces will be no different

  • Fill in the text you want in the box on the left.

  • Notice the “More Options”

    • Change the title animation

    • Change the text font and color

If I get anything that looks like the one above

I will return them with a 0. No blue background

And boring san-serif font, you must stylize your title

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Opening Title - Font and Color

  • Change the Font and Color

  • You can get as creative as you like and can make the text as crazy as you like

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Opening Title - Animation

  • When you have the colors and Fonts the way you like them, you need to decide on a cool animation to bring this all to life.

  • Test out all the options in the list, a preview will play in the window on the right.

  • When you have it how you like it, click “Done, Add to movie”

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Saving the Movie 1

  • Save your source file first.

    File > Save Project

  • Then save the movie out, this of this as File> Export in Fireworks

  • File > Save Movie File

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Saving Movie 2

  • Choose “My Computer” on the first screen of the wizard

  • Click Next

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Saving Movie 3

  • Enter a descriptive name for your movie

  • Choose the location to save your movie - this should be inside your EX4 folder

  • Click ok and next

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Saving Movie 4

  • On the movie settings slide, choose:

    • High Quality video (small) from the “Other Settings” option

    • Make sure the settings details look the same as the screen shot to the right

    • Click NEXT

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Saving Movie 5

  • The movie will now be rendered out, this may take a few minutes, depending on the speed of the computer.

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Saving Movie 6

  • You should see this screen when you have finished rendering

  • Click “Finish”

  • You now have a Windows media movie file, that is 320 x 240 in your Ex 4 folder that you can watch and share

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  • Individual Meetings, we can talk about whatever you like, each student gets 10 minutes with me

  • Meetings will go from about 5:00 - 7:50, 9:10 - 10:30

  • From 8-9pm next week we will meet as a class to go over embedding a video player in a webpage

  • The lab will be open for you to work on your EX4 or your final projects